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Published on October 3, 2007

Author: Jacqueline

Source: authorstream.com

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Russell:  Russell A presentation for the Small Towns Conference, August 2003 by Helen Pick & Helen McCormack PowerPoint by Jacqui Knight August 2003 An Experience : (with illustrations by the children of Russell, from handpainted tiles) Welcome to our place Our town : Russell or Kororareka:  Our town : Russell or Kororareka Potted history of our town : Russell or Kororareka:  Potted history of our town : Russell or Kororareka Originally called Kororareka, the name tells of a Maori chief who was wounded in battle and asked for some penguin broth. Potted history of our town : Russell or Kororareka:  Potted history of our town : Russell or Kororareka After tasting the broth he said ‘ka reka te korora’ or ‘how sweet is the penguin’. Our town : Russell or Kororareka:  Our town : Russell or Kororareka Site was once a major centre of trade between Maori, European and American traders and settlers Our town : Russell or Kororareka:  Our town : Russell or Kororareka Frequent port of call for whalers and sealers seeking provisions. Our town : Russell or Kororareka:  Our town : Russell or Kororareka Once described as the ‘Hell Hole of the Pacific’, the colourful history has seen many conflicts fought and resolved. Even today, the musket ball holes can still be seen in the town’s historic church. Our town : Russell or Kororareka:  Our town : Russell or Kororareka Bishop Pompallier established a Catholic Mission in 1839. ‘Pompallier’ built in 1841-42 to house the Mission’s printing of religious texts. Our town : Russell or Kororareka:  Our town : Russell or Kororareka Many other historically important buildings: Christ Church (built in 1835 with a hipped roof, roofline modified in 1871) Old Custom House - now Police Station, 1870, etc Our town : Russell or Kororareka:  Our town : Russell or Kororareka Nearby (Okiato) was named ‘Russell’ and decreed first capital of NZ on the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi, 1840. Capital buildings and name shifted to Kororareka/Russell as the site was busier and more convenient. Our town : Russell or Kororareka:  Our town : Russell or Kororareka Government Gazette proclamation in January 1844 extended the boundaries of Russell to include Kororareka “which would henceforth inherit its name” and become Port of Entry to the Bay of Islands. Our town : Russell or Kororareka:  Our town : Russell or Kororareka Russell has national, regional and local significance. Recognised by FNDC in District Plan Three Heritage Precincts - The Strand, Christ Church and Wellington St areas. Our town : Russell or Kororareka:  Our town : Russell or Kororareka In 1926 famous American writer and adventurer, Zane Grey, was invited to the Bay to experience and write about what has now become recognised as one of the world’s greatest sportfishing grounds. Tourism began! Our town : Russell or Kororareka:  Our town : Russell or Kororareka Our town : Russell or Kororareka:  Our town : Russell or Kororareka Small businesses, apart from: Department of Conservation - was once head of BOI Heritage Marine Park NZ Historic Places Trust : Pouhere Taonga Fullers Bay of Islands Our Identity:  Our Identity The Russell community has evaluated its identity three times over the past 25 years. Our town : Russell or Kororareka:  Our town : Russell or Kororareka Consultation!!! 1975-1977:  1975-1977 Department of Lands and Survey conducted extensive research: “What qualities give Russell its special significance and make it attractive to residents and visitors alike.” 1980:  1980 Russell style was formalised through a booklet, ‘The Russell Book’. An advisory centre established giving detailed interpretations of Russell’s objectives and values. 1980:  1980 This is what was planned for the Village Green, looking from the waterfront. Note the verandahs to the Town Hall so that ‘it relates more positively to the Village Green’. 1980:  1980 This is what was envisaged for Cass Street from the wharf “encouraging pedestrian activity through the development of a paved square… prohibiting entry by private motor vehicles”. December 1991:  December 1991 Public meeting called: “Your views on Russell ‘Twenty Years Out”. Mandate developed encapsulating views. Perceptions that Russell was special and uniqueness were similar to previous studies. Russell 2000 (charitable trust) formed. Stage 1:  Stage 1 Fundraising undertaken. Some plans put aside because of imminent sewage scheme/stormwater separation. Those plans which were not subject to infrastructure modification were put into action, e.g. York Street. Stage 1:  Stage 1 Intensive repaving, planting and tree installation. Arid area transformed into a much more attractive, people-friendly street space. Two shopping areas abutting onto Cass St linked into village centre. 1992:  1992 This is a view of Cass Street captured on film by Laurence Aberhart, world-renowned photographer who lives right here in Russell. 1992:  1992 “…trees and shrubs to provide summer shade and winter shelter… withstand drought and wind.” “Pavings in red brick on cement mortar, benches and seats in sheltered corners and under the trees…” “...breaking up the grey asphalt with native trees…” “...inviting islands for human commerce where people can linger and enjoy the town.” View from the Wharf July 1998:  July 1998 Russell 2000 calls public meeting. Update 1991 Mandate - many objectives have been achieved. Views expressed on Russell’s future direction. Committee set up to analyse these perceptions. July 1998:  July 1998 Comments recorded and categorised. Outcome defines qualities and uniqueness of Russell. Sorted under four headings. Attributes remarkably consistent with previous studies. 1. History/Heritage:  1. History/Heritage Russell is: historically important the cradle of New Zealand European history a national heritage and part of New Zealand’s identity essential to New Zealand very old - Maori can trace back 1000 years 1. History/Heritage:  1. History/Heritage Russell has: layers of history/presence cemeteries and sacred sites soul/spirit/mauri a sense of guardianship amongst its citizens 1. History/Heritage:  1. History/Heritage Spirit “Understand the soul of the place” “Recognise the presence of tangata whenua” “There’s a spirit in this place - If you offend it, you will leave” “The town will outlive all of us” “Russell fights back” “Spirit moves you” “Russell affects your spirituality” “People change when they come here” 1. History/Heritage:  1. History/Heritage Caretakers/Guardians/Heritage The people of Russell are conscious that they have something significant. They see themselves as guardians of Russell’s history, and also as caretakers of Russell’s character, which includes architecture from the 1920s/30s/50s. 2. Village/Small Town/Centre:  2. Village/Small Town/Centre Russell has: a sense of community human scale architecture/small houses on large sections pedestrian friendliness 2. Village/Small Town/Centre:  2. Village/Small Town/Centre Safe/Slow/Quiet/Peaceful Reminiscent of childhood” “Restful haven” “Safe place to bring up kids “small, slow, relaxed/quiet/slow pace” “It’s still okay to stop in the middle of the road for a chat” “Can hear the moreporks at night, no cars” “Russell is a restful place” “Safe - can walk down the road at 1am - can’t do that in Auckland” “nostalgia” “nice quiet little town” “slow, as in the 30s, 40s, 50s” 2. Village/Small Town/Centre:  2. Village/Small Town/Centre Pedestrian-friendly “Pedestrian” Can walk down Russell streets without being run over by a car” “Walk or pushbike” “Pleasant to walk around” “A walking town more than a driving town” “Such a walking town that visitors have to jump-start their cars when they leave - they haven’t been used” “Level, flat, walking, human” “Relative vehicle-free environment” 2. Village/Small Town/Centre:  2. Village/Small Town/Centre Community/collective responsibility Russell people feel a strong sense of belonging to and protectiveness towards Russell “Our village” “Russell belongs to all of us” 2. Village/Small Town/Centre:  2. Village/Small Town/Centre Caretakers/Guardians/Heritage The people of Russell are conscious that they have something significant. They see themselves as guardians of Russell’s history, and also as caretakers of Russell’s ‘character’, which includes architecture from the 1920s/30s/50s. 2. Village/Small Town/Centre:  2. Village/Small Town/Centre KEY CONCEPTS: Safe Pedestrian-friendly Commercial centre 3. Rural/Scenic/Natural:  3. Rural/Scenic/Natural Russell is: naturally beautiful peninsular open spaces/a town and rural atmosphere sub-tropical an anchorage/village a holiday town 3. Rural/Scenic/Natural:  3. Rural/Scenic/Natural Rural/country/natural “Rural, not urban” “I remember unsealed raods - Russell was rural then - it’s urban now” “Not comfortable with formal planting” “Cows, dogs, animals, ducks, geese have the right of way” “Three cheers for ducks and geese - part of the village scene” 3. Rural/Scenic/Natural:  3. Rural/Scenic/Natural Russell has long associations with other Pacific Islands, apparent in its sub-tropical plantings 3. Rural/Scenic/Natural:  3. Rural/Scenic/Natural Scenic/natural beauty “Holiday place” “Summer camp” “Coastal” “Yachtspeople” “Exposure to the seasons” “Gateway to the BOI” “Scenically beautiful” “Natural amphitheatre, flanked by two promontories with bays on both sides” “Climate/weather” “Seaside holiday” 3. Rural/Scenic/Natural:  3. Rural/Scenic/Natural Russell has beautiful walks and beaches and is physically contained by its landforms. Contribute to the physical beauty of Russell. Adds to perceptions of safety and relaxation. 3. Rural/Scenic/Natural:  3. Rural/Scenic/Natural Caretakers/Guardians/Heritage The people of Russell are conscious that they have something significant. They see themselves as guardians of Russell’s history, and also as caretakers of Russell’s ‘character’, which includes architecture from the 1920s/30s/50s. 3. Rural/Scenic/Natural:  3. Rural/Scenic/Natural KEY CONCEPTS: Rural Scenic Seaside 4. Real/Genuine/Honest:  4. Real/Genuine/Honest Geographic isolation/inaccessibility Living on an ‘island’, you’ve got to be honest - got to face yourself” “not perfection - Far North e.g. staff shortages, power” “can’t run a slick city business here” “isolated island - different way of life” “have to rely on others more” 4. Real/Genuine/Honest:  4. Real/Genuine/Honest Russell residents see themselves as: friendly and welcoming wary of becoming ‘citified’ 4. Real/Genuine/Honest:  4. Real/Genuine/Honest Caring/friendly/intimate “Caring/sharing” “It’s the people” “People know each other” “Know shopkeepers, people that you trade with” “Caring/nurturing each other” “We’re human in Russell - we stop to talk” “So easy to talk to anyone in Russell - always a smile and a wave” “Personally know people we trade with” “Old-fashioned values” “Intimate residential quality” “Sense of intimacy” 4. Real/Genuine/Honest:  4. Real/Genuine/Honest Open-minded/diverse “Open-minded” “Non-judgemental “diversity - age and creed” “diverse yet compatible” “few places where cross generations can gather these days - grandparents, parents, children” “diversity - people here’s right to be individual” “cosmopolitan mix of people” 4. Real/Genuine/Honest:  4. Real/Genuine/Honest Not ‘hot’/city/commercial “Don’t want to wear silly hats - don’t want to be a hot city suburb “not city life” “not overly commercial” “don’t care if y ou do or don’t drive a BMW” “danger of landscaping - wedding cake which never existed” “lamppost lights turning town into something dishonest” 4. Real/genuine/honest:  4. Real/genuine/honest KEY CONCEPTS: Real Un-citified Friendly Stage 2:  Stage 2 Meanwhile, fundraising had continued for Cass Street. 2003 - Goal of over $100,000 raised. Contributions from Far North District Council and Kawakawa Community Board. Necessary permissions obtained, stormwater works undertaken. Beautification put into action. Stage 2:  Stage 2 Restoration based on nine principles: 1. Accentuate and make more available the exceptional beauty of the Russell landscape and seascape. 2. Accentuate, respect and conserve the unique historic character of Russell. Stage 2:  Stage 2 3. Strengthen the connections between the town, the beach and the sea. 4. Improve the connection between the beach and the town. 5. Make the pedestrian spaces in the town more user-friendly, efficient and safe. 6. Keep scenic vistas open and strengthen the connection with the sea and the historic features. Stage 2:  Stage 2 7. Provide shelter for the pedestrians from the sun and the rain. 8. Provide a relaxed friendly ‘Russell’ atmosphere for visitors and locals alike. 9. Carefully respect the landscape and history of the town in a way that will make Russell economically viable in an environmentally sustainable way. Components - Cass St Design:  Components - Cass St Design 1. The bay 2. Historic Kororareka Beach 3. Wharf 4. Crossing - where beach, wharf, people and buildings intersect. Components - Cass St Design:  Components - Cass St Design 5. Russell Square - facing the wharf. 6. Vehicular square - Cass St, leading to York St 7. Crossing - York Street crossing Cass St 8. Backdrop of trees, hillsides and ridgeline. Contributors to the Design:  Contributors to the Design 1. Seascape beach, wharves and boats 2. Landscape - trees, hills, skylines 3. History 4. Buildings 5. People Design:  Design Cass St divided into three interconnected areas: 1. Eastern York St end forms a tree-planted parking and arrival area. 2. Middle - multi-purpose square for people and vehicles - main reception area for visitors. 3. Western section designed to interlock Cass St, Strand and the wharf into an attractive and efficient linking strongly into Kororareka Beach. Design:  Design Two pedestrian ways on the North and South sides form the safe pedestrian linking passages. These are developed as shaded seating and resting areas. Design:  Design Clearly defined access for pedestrian traffic. Clearly defined access for vehicular traffic. Series of attractive people places. Strong links to beach/harbour with unusual rustling brown pebbles - key part of Russell’s natural beauty. Your mission!:  Your mission! Your mission, should you choose to accept, is to evaluate how our town measures up in providing you with an experience? How is our town achieved in retaining and enhancing its qualities: Your mission!:  Your mission! Collect a Heritage Walk brochure (published by the Russell Museum). Can this brochure be made ‘more user-friendly, i.e. encourage more visitors to partake of our Heritage Walk? Your mission!:  Your mission! Look at the Museum, and their plans for the future. How will this enhance their experience? Look at the NZ Historic Places Trust property Pompallier. How will this enhance the experience of visiting Russell? Your mission!:  Your mission! How can the shops, cafés and restaurants make a visit to Russell more of an experience? 1992:  1992 Remember that view of Cass Street? Look at it ten years later! 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 1993

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