Published on February 18, 2014
Study on Developing a Multi product Agro SEZ in Karnataka Presented by ; FAROOK A AZAM MD, BIG www.biginfra.net 1
Presentation flow Why this project Objective Agricultural scenario in INDIA Data Collection Location considered for project Project highlights SWOT analysis 2
Why this project MAURITIUS, 1,703.05 899.79 OMAN, SINGAPORE, 1,795.91 YEMENST.GUINEA,62.940 0 BOSNIA-HRZGOVIN, 0 VIETNAMPERU,36.170.24 FRENCHBENIN,7.89 SOUTHANGOLA,0.57 NETHERLANDANTIL, ST.SIERRAP215.36 LITHUANIA,REP,2.24 CANARY LEONE, AMERI 270.1900.01 TANZANIA19.94023.06 AFGHANISTAN,00.56 ST.ICELAND,IS,12.56 CONGO REP,52.52 IRAN,AFRICA,RP, CAYMAN 212.09 THAILAND,234.14 ARGENTINA,5.7 COMOROS,29.18 KIRIBATI ISLANDS, IRELAND,DP0.35 DOMINIC 3.280.79 UKRAINE,25.84 STCAMEROON, JORDAN, 109.21 TUNISIA, 23.88 COTE283.190.05 SWAZILAND,41.54 SUDAN, 48.57 NORFOLK17.76 KAZAKHSTAN, LATVIA, 12.43 SLOVAK 57.13 MOROCCO,03.12 KOREA RICO, GUATEMALA,0.45 REPUBLC,4.53 MADAGASCAR, KYRGHYZSTAN, BULGARIA,0.29 ISRAEL, 0.29 SOMALIA,25.27 ALGERIA, 00.16 POLAND, REP., HUNGARY,92.52 ESTONIA, REP, ROMANIA,8.97 UGANDA, 0.46 VINCENT/GRE, MAURITANIA, TAJIKISTAN,MI, KOREA 1.55 URUGUAY,9.11 BRAZIL, 9.88 NAMIBIA, 0.57 NIGERIA, 26.14 KENYA, 47.89 MYANMAR, ZAMBIA, 3.26 TURKEY, BOTSWANA, MACAO, FINLAND, TRINIDAD, MONGOLIA, GAMBIA, MALTA, BARBADOS, ARMENIA, MEXICO, MOLDOVA, CROATIA, NIGER, ALBANIA, HONDURAS, GEORGIA, ETHIOPIA, KONG, DJIBOUTI, CAMBODIA, HELENA, SURINAME, ERITREA, PIERRA BURUNDI, MONACO, GHANA, IRAQ, SYRIA, MALAWI, DOMINICA, LIBYA, MALI, BELIZE, FIJI GABON, ARUBA, LIBERIA, SAMOA, SOC 109.45 D NEWBAHAMAS,IVOIRE, 0.42 DENMARK,0.2 ISLAND,11.6 SWEDEN,103.45235.75 JAPAN,KITTSD.91.920.19 TAIWAN,POLYNESIA, ZEALAND,RP,3.800.24 618.44 289.92 FRANCE, 972.59 AUSTRALIA,LEBANON,10.610.06 SWITZERLAND,626.23&250.99 REUNION,AZERBAIJAN,28.59 SEYCHELLES,ANDORRA,0030.39 NORWAY,PUERTO144.94011.42 BRUNEI,MOZAMBIQUE,44.49 256.03 0.56 250.19 0 93.12 319.97 UNSPECIFIED,PARAGUAY,34.230 PHILIPPINES,MARTINIQUE,1.16 ITALY,CYPRUS,TONGA,1.61012.86 PAUSTRIA,IS,REP,1.26 139.44CHILE,3.820 RP,SLOVENIA,00.35 316.01 21.04 RUSSIA,HONG307.48NEVIS,0.73 GREECE,PORTUGAL,154.470.02 660.86BHUTAN,0.03 BAHRAIN, 2,460.43 MALDIVES, 1,788.05177.76 CANADA,CHINA 134.81 876.45887.03 EGYPTBELGIUM, 518.89 AINDONESIA, RP, 1,922.95 QATAR, 1,278.09 SPAIN, 2,791.13 GERMANY, 3,382.24 KUWAIT, 2,182.42 BANGLADESH, 42,262.39 USA, 2,033.50 SAUDI ARABIA, 4,577.53 NEPAL, 5,559.43 SRI LANKA, 10,857.44 U ARAB EMTS, 29,745.91 UK, 10,550.57 PAKISTAN, 4,947.71 MALAYSIA, 18,515.99 NETHERLAND, 9,685.52 3
India Exports Statistics : Major Product Group 2,500,000.00 In lakhs 2,000,000.00 1,500,000.00 1,000,000.00 500,000.00 0.00 India Exports Statistics : Major Product Group QTY(2005-2006) QTY(2006-2007) QTY(2007-2008) 1,480,613.75 2,002,857.38 1,724,573.60 Source: MOSPI 4
Objective Is to create employment in rural Karnataka Generate Business opportunity for agriculture sector in global market To create demand and design a marketing strategy for agriculture products Setting up of Agro Multiproduct SEZ for Sustainable development in Agriculture sector 5
Data Collection National sample survey report Economic survey reports Ministry of commerce & Industry department of commerce Directorate of economic and statistics , GOK Planning commission (11th five year plan; vol -II) India Agro Industry Directorate of census Operations Karnataka Karnataka statistics statement from GOK site visit SEZ 6
Location Considered for the project Following district’s are the preferred location for the project : Hubli / Hassan / Tumkur (Turuvekere) / Mandya (Nagamangala) 7
Why these 4 districts • All the four are connected with National highways i.e. (NH-48 and NH-4) • All the four are well connected with Rail link • Hassan and Hubli districts are having airstrip • Economical and well educated manpower available • Number of Educational Institutions, polytechnics , Engineering colleges and Technical training institutes • All the four are having well irrigated land • The agricultural output is good when compare to other districts in the state • Favourable weather condition • Favourable State Govt . Policies till date • Situated midway to Mangalore and Bangalore 10
Highlight of Project • • • • • • • • Providing High end infrastructure for agro industries in SEZ like roads, structures and facility , parking lots and weighing bridges and cranes etc Services like power, 100 % power back up, treatment plants, HVAC system, CCTV in common areas, BMS. More than 50 thousand direct employment will be created and indirect employment more than 1.5 lakh. Amenities like Convention Halls, Business hotels & auditoriums , Hotel for refreshments, Health clubs etc operation and maintenance of entire Infrastructure with in the SEZ, Security in the open space and common areas will be done by the developers Going to rope all the farmers to enjoy the benefits of the project to the max. Hospitals , agricultural equipment industries, R & D centres for agriculture sector etc will be housed in this SEZ Creating a Marketing Block for the Agricultural products and sales * Conditions apply 11
Agri industries help strengthen the farm sector and stabilize rural incomes AGRI Industries are considered an extended arm of agriculture but in India they have not received as much attention as agriculture. While agriculture contributes about 25 per cent of India's GDP the value added by the processing industry is only 8 per cent of total food production. For example, only two per cent of horticulture products are estimated to be processed and more than 30 per cent of production is wasted due to lack of storage and processing facilities. 12
Multiple Benefits The focus on value addition in the agriculture sector is vital for comprehensive development of the rural economy. Since the food processing industry creates jobs, demand for agri raw materials, leads to diversification and commercialization of agriculture, enhancing the incomes of farmers and creating surpluses for export of agro foods. The broad-based development of the food processing industry will improve both the social and physical infrastructure of rural India. 13
Strength • Supporting Infrastructure • strategic locations • well connected by road, rail , and Air • excellent Business lease model • Economical labour & Govt. initiative • Skilled Manpower • excellent supply of agri products Weakness Opportunities • Generates employment & investment • Enhance income of farmers • leads to diversification and commercialization of agriculture • As there is no Agro Sector Specific MSEZ in INDIA • there exists a huge opportunity for related industry in agriculture Agro Multi product SEZ • No regulatory framed work available for Agro sector Specific • Green field project • untapped sector • political and community attitude Threats • Hassan textile SEZ • Mangalore Multi product SEZ • Govt. Policies • Nandhgudi SEZ near Bangalore. 14
Recommendations • To design the Sector specific policies for Agriculture sector. • To give the unique permission to sell the products with INDIA and should give all the incentive and tax holidays slightly longer than the other commercial SEZ. • Govt. Should ensure the process of approvals to be smooth and single window clearance need to be ensured etc. 15
SEZ – An Overview 16
Overview • Introduced by erstwhile Export Import Policy in April 2000 to provide internationally competitive and conducive environment for exports • Various fiscal/ non fiscal incentives/ benefits provided to developer and units in SEZ • Earlier controlled by Foreign Trade Policy and Customs Act, 1962 and regulations notified there under • Special Economic Zone Act (‘SEZ Act’) enacted in 2005 to provide comprehensive legislation in relation to SEZs • SEZ – deemed to be territory outside the Customs territory of India in relation to authorized operation • Can be set up by private / public / joint sector or State Government or its agencies, for manufacture of goods or rendering of services or both or as a Free Trade Warehousing Zone • Goods and services going into the SEZ from DTA treated as exports and goods and services coming from the SEZ to DTA treated as imports • SEZ deemed to be a airport, port, inland container depot, land customs station under the Customs Act 17
Legislative Framework SEZ Act 2005 SEZ Rules, 2006 • Basic framework for setting up and operation of SEZs prescribed under the Act • Rules lays down guidelines for giving effect to the SEZ scheme prescribed under the Act SEZ Rules, 2006 SEZ Act, 2005 SEZ Act, 2005 & SEZ Rules, 2006 notified on 10 February 2006 State SEZ Policy • Lays down guidelines for giving effect to the SEZ scheme prescribed under SEZ Act, 2005 • Policy provides for substantive and procedural benefits offered by the State to Developer/ Units State SEZ Policies 18
Legislative Framework • Chapter X-A of the Customs Act along with the SEZ Rules 2003 and SEZ (Customs Procedure) has been rescinded with effect from 10 February 2006 • All the rules and notification under other laws in relation to the SEZ shall remain in force to the extent they are not inconsistent with the SEZ Act 2005 and Rules made there under • Provisions of the SEZ Act, 2005 override inconsistent provisions of any other law in force at the time of commencement of the SEZ Act, 2005 SEZ Act specifies exemption for the developer and units in the SEZ from Customs, Excise, Service Tax, Central Sales Tax etc. However, it is not clear as to whether this would require specific notification under the respective legislations, or whether the specific exemption provided under SEZ Act would suffice 19
Key Stakeholders 20
Key Stakeholders Developer • Person who obtains Letter of Approval from the Central Government to establish the SEZ and undertake authorised operations • SEZ Act also envisages ‘multiple developers’ for the SEZ. When one Developer does not possess minimum contiguous land to develop an SEZ, Central Government may approve more than one Developer Co-Developer • Co-developer is a person who intends to provide infrastructural facilities in an SEZ along with a developer • Co-developer enters into an agreement with Developer and obtain requisite permission as per the SEZ Act and Rules 21
Key Stakeholders Units in SEZ can undertake SEZ Units • • • • Manufacturing Rendering of services Trading Warehousing In relation to authorized operation of the SEZ Contractor • Contractor can be appointed by developer / co-developer to undertake authorized operations in SEZ • Contractor can avail all exemptions, drawbacks and concessions available to the Developer / co-developer • All documents shall bear the name of developer/ codeveloper along with the contractor 22
Key Regulators 23
Key Regulators Central Government Overall authority for governing, notifying the SEZ and granting the letter of approval State Government Receives and forwards the proposal with recommendations to the Board of Approval Board of Approval Considers proposals for setting up SEZ and Units in SEZ Approval Committee Considers proposals for setting up of Units in SEZ, monitoring performance, and supervises import / procurement by Developer/ Units in SEZ SEZ Authority Undertakes measures for the development, operation and management of the SEZ Development Commissioner For administrative control of the SEZ 24
Benefits Available Available to Developer Available to Suppliers Central Benefits Central Benefits • Customs • Central Excise • Other Miscellaneous Taxes and Levies • Service Tax • Income Tax • Drawback/ DEPB • Dividend Distribution Tax State Benefits • Minimum Alternate Tax • Sales Tax/ VAT State Benefits • Entry Tax/ Octroi • Central Sales Tax • Electricity • Labour 25
Incentives and facilities offered to the SEZs • The incentives and facilities offered to the units in SEZs for attracting investments into the SEZs, including foreign investment include:- • Duty free import/domestic procurement of goods for development, operation and maintenance of SEZ units • 100% Income Tax exemption on export income for SEZ units under Section 10AA of the Income Tax Act for first 5 years, 50% for next 5 years thereafter and 50% of the ploughed back export profit for next 5 years. • Exemption from minimum alternate tax under section 115JB of the Income Tax Act. • External commercial borrowing by SEZ units up to US $ 500 million in a year without any maturity restriction through recognized banking channels. • Exemption from Central Sales Tax. • Exemption from Service Tax. • Single window clearance for Central and State level approvals. • Exemption from State sales tax and other levies as extended by the respective State Governments. * Source from www.sezindia.gov.in 26
Benefits Available (Contd.) • Under the provisions of the SEZ Act, 2005 and the SEZ Rules, 2006 exemptions are made available to Developer/ Unit and to their suppliers. • The SEZ Rules, 2006 provide that state governments ‘shall endeavor’ to provide exemptions/ concessions with respect to sales tax/ VAT, electricity duty etc • The exemption/ concession has to be refunded by developer if– Developer does not utilise the goods or services for authorised operations – Unable to duly account for the goods and services for authorised operations • Duty drawback or any other export entitlement on DTA supplies to be paid back by the developer in case of destruction of goods in a natural calamity – Not required where payment made in foreign exchange 27
Miscellaneous Benefits – Central Laws Exemption from payment of taxes, duties or cess on any export or import of goods or services from the SEZ or on procurement of goods or services from the DTA, under the following legislationsAgricultural Produce Cess Act, 1940 Coffee Act, 1942 Mica Mines Labour Welfare Fund Act, 1946 Rubber Act, 1947 Tea Act, 1953 Salt Cess Act, 1953 Medicinal and Toilet Preparations (Excise Duties) Act, 1955 Additional Duties of Excise (Goods of Special Importance) Act, 1957 Sugar (Regulation of Production) Act, 1961 Textiles Committee Act, 1963 Produce Cess Act, 1966 Marine Products Export Development Authority Act, 1972 Coal Mines (Conservation and Development Act, 1974 Oil Industry (Development) Act, 1974 Tobacco Cess Act, 1975. Additional Duties of Excise (Textile and Textile Articles) Act, 1978 Sugar Cess Act, 1982 Jute Manufactures Cess Act, 1983 Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Cess Act, 1985. Spices Cess Act, 1986 Research and Development Cess Act, 1986 28
Setting up of SEZ Basic Concepts 29
Key Concepts Infrastructural Facilities Infrastructure facilities means industrial, commercial or social infrastructure or other facilities necessary for the development of a Special Economic Zone or such other facilities which may be prescribed Infrastructure Infrastructure means facilities needed for development, operation and maintenance of a Special Economic Zone and includes industrial, business and social amenities like development of land, roads, buildings, sewerage and effluent treatment facilities, solid waste management facilities, port, including jetties, single point moorings, storage tanks and interconnecting pipelines for liquids and gases, Inland Container Depot or Container Freight Station, warehouses, airports, railways, transport system, generation and distribution of power, gas and other forms of energy, telecommunication, data transmission network, information technology network, hospitals, hotels, educational institutions, leisure, recreational and entertainment facilities, residential and business complex, water supply, including desalination plant, sanitation facility 30
Role of Developer 31
Role of the Developer Developer required to undertake authorised operations in relation to – Development of SEZ: Creation of infrastructure (such as roads, ports, electricity, water, etc.) and allocation of space / built up area for setting up and operating Units Operation and Maintenance of SEZ: Day to day operation and maintenance of the SEZ and providing infrastructure facility to the Units set up in the SEZ to ensure their smooth functioning • Authorized operations not defined in SEZ Act or Rules Mainly role of Developer is to undertake development, operation and maintenance of infrastructure and provision of infrastructure facilities 32
Approval Criteria 33
Approval Criteria – Applicant Who can be a SEZ developer • SEZ can be set up jointly or severally by – Central Government – State government – Any person (incl. Private / Company, Partnership or Proprietorship) Section 3(1) 34 Public limited
Approval Criteria – Multi product SEZ Authorised Operations Comprehensive • Size • Minimum contiguous area of 1,000 hectares (200 hectares in specified states) • Exclusive SEZ for Services to have a minimum contiguous area of 100 hectares Processing Area • Minimum 25% of SEZ area to be demarcated as processing area 35
Approval Criteria – Sector specific SEZ Authorised Operations Size Processing Area Indicative SectorsEngineering, textile/ garments, pharmaceuticals/ chemicals, handicrafts, gems & jewellery, electronic hardware and software (incl. ITES), bio tech and non conventional energy • Minimum contiguous area of 100 hectares (50 hectares in specified states) • Electronic hardware and software including ITES – 10 hectares with min. built up processing area of 100,000 sq. meters • Bio tech, Non conventional energy (incl. solar energy equipment) and Gems & Jewellery sector – 10 hectares • Minimum 50% area for processing area (for export related activities) 36
Approval Criteria – Free Trade & Warehousing Zone Authorised Operations Size Processing Area Primarily trading and warehousing activities • Minimum 40 hectares • No minimum area limit for setting up the SEZ • Maximum area not to exceed 20 percent of processing area Not specified however minimum built up area should be 100,000 sq meters 37
Approval Criteria • Area identified for SEZ to be contiguous and vacant with no public thoroughfare (BOA may approve otherwise on a case to case on merits in case of Multi Product SEZ only) Term ‘contiguous’ not defined under the SEZ Act, 2005 or SEZ Rules, 2006 Concise Oxford English Dictionary defines contiguous to mean- ‘sharing a common border; next or together in sequence’ • Additional area can be included in the existing SEZ. Minimum area of additional area not specified 38
Approval Process 39
Approval Process Applicant* Application to State Government or Board of Approval (BOA) Section 3(2) & 3(3)/ Rule 3 1 State Government Forwards proposal to BOA with recommendations within 45 days of receipt of proposal Section 3(6) and Rule 4 1 Board of Approval 2 BOA approves proposal subject to such terms and conditions as it may specify Section3(7) & 3(9) / Rule 5 In case proposal is directly submitted to BOA, applicant to obtain concurrence of the State Government within 6 months of approval by BOA (Rule 4) Approval Communicates to the Central Government 4 Modification Communicates to the applicant 3 Rejection Communicates the reasons to Central Government which shall intimate the same to the applicant Cont… *Applicant refers to applicant for the development of SEZ other than Central or State Government 40
Approval Process – Post LOA 4 Developer Submit details of proposed operations Submit details of identified area to Ministry of Commerce 5b Central Government Ministry of Commerce grants a Letter of Approval (LOA) to Developer Section 4 / Rule 6 5a Board of Approval Co-Developer Approves authorized operations On agreement with Developers, to apply for an LOA 7a 6 Developer Applies to Approval Committee for permission of procurement items 8a Cont… Approaches DC for demarcation of Processing / Non Processing Area 8b 7b Notification of SEZ by Central Government (Ministry of Commerce) Cont… 41
Approval Process – Post Notification 8a 8b Approval Committee Approves import and procurement of goods Rule 10 DC Demarcates Processing / Non Processing Area Rule 11 9 Developer Obtains IEC and executes Bond cum-Legal Undertaking and follows General Conditions of import Rule 12 & 14 Developer Avails duty concession on import / procurement and commence operation For details refer to Annexure 3 42
Approval Process – Co-developer Action steps for Co-developer • Enters into an agreement with developer to provide infrastructure facilities or undertake authorized operations in SEZ • Approaches BOA to seek approval for status as a Co-developer • Follows the procedure of approval as applicable to developer to obtain LOA from Central Government (Ministry of Commerce) • However, state government recommendations not required Developer may specify the requirement of Co-developer at the proposal stage. Although SEZ Act and Rules are silent on this aspect, specifying co-developers requirement at proposal stage may expedite the process of obtaining LOA for co- developer at a later stage 43
For successful sustainable development Community attitude Cleaner & greener facilities Labor safety & medical care Initiative Cleaner & greener facilities Zero tolerance for pollution Maintain natural resources Creating opportunity for local people 44
Products related to the Agriculture and Food Industry • Bakery & Confectionery Products Bakery, Biscuits, Chocolate Chip, Chocolates, Cocoa, Confectionaries, Confectionery, Cookies, Deoiled Cake, Drinking Chocolates, Bread, Cakes, Malted Foods, Sweets, Pastry, Toffees • Cattle Feed Supplements Cattle Feed, Animal Feed, Animal Feeding Stuffs, Fodder • Child Care & Nursery Products Baby Care Products , Baby Feeding Products • Dry Fruits & Nuts Dry fruits, Cashew Kernels , Cashew Nut, Cashews, Almonds, Roasted Dry Fruits, Peanuts, Groundnut, Walnut Kernels, Walnuts, Indian Peanuts, HPS Groundnuts • Dyes & Color Additives AZO Dyes, Bleaching Machinery, Colours, Color Additives, Colour Additives, Cottex Dyeing, Dye intermediates, Dye Makers, Dyes, Dyestuffs, Cationic Dyestufs, Acid Dyes, Reactive Dyes, Pigments, Fabric Dyeing, Textile Dyeing, Vet Dye 45
Products related to the Agriculture and Food Industry cont.. • Edible Oil & Allied Products Coconut Oil, Cooking Fats, Cooking Oil, Cumin Seed Oil, Edible Oil , Castor Oil , Celery Seed Oil , Ajowan Oil , Margarine Oil , Refined Oil , Refined Vegetable Oil , Rice Bran Oil , Sesame Oil , Sunflower Oil , Mustard Oil , Groundnut Oil , Herb Oil, Vanaspathi Ghee, Vegetable Oil , Vegetable Oil , Oil Products, Table Margarine • Fertilizers Bio Fertilizers, Chemical Fertilizers, Agriculture Fertilzers, Natural Fertilizers, Nonhazardous Bio Fertilizers, Non-toxic Fertilizers, Organic Fertilizers, Organic Manure, Fertiliser Mixtures, Fertilisers, Fertilizer Mixtures, Fertilizers, Urea Fertilizers • Flowers, Floriculture & Dried Flowers Dried Floral Items , Dried Flowers , Dry Flower , Bouquets, Cane Flowers , Lotus Pods , shola Flowers , Palm Leaf , Floriculture, Flowers, Foliage, Handmade Flowers 46
Products related to the Agriculture and Food Industry cont.. • Food Processing Plants, Machinery & Equipment Bakery Equipment, Dairy Equipments, Dairy Farms Equipment, Food Grain Machine, Food Processing Equipment, Frying System, Spray Dryers • Fresh, Dried, Preserved & Dehydrated Fruits and Vegetables Bananas Dried , Bananas Fresh , Beans, Cherry, Cucumbers, Dried Fruits , Dried Truffles , Dried Vegetables , Carrots, Lemon, Mandarins, Mangosteens, Meslin, Shallots, Spinach, Mixed Vegetables , Mushroom, Mushroom Spawn , Oranges Fresh , Papaya, Pineapple, Potatoes Fresh , Preserved Fruits , Preserved Vegetables , Radiata Dried, Fresh Apples , Fresh Asparagus , Fresh Fruits , Fresh Grapes , Fresh Oranges , Fresh Vegetables , Gherkins, Grapes, Fresh Turnips • Liquors, Mineral Water & Beverages Beverages, Bewerages, Brandy, Aerated Water , Aerated Waters , Alcoholic Beverage , Liquors, Rum, Sandpiper, Schweppes, Soft Drinks , Spring Water , Mineral Water , Fat Liquors , Gin, Vodka, Whisky, Wine, Indian Liquor, Indian Wine • Marine Food Supplies Dried Beche-de-mer, Dry Fish, Aqua Foods, Marine Food, Marine Products, Sea Cucumber, Sea Food, Shrimps, Prawns, Frozen Marine Products, IQF 47
Products related to the Agriculture and Food Industry cont.. • Meat & Poultry Food Bacon, Egg, Livestock, Lyoners, Meat, Mortadella, Peppero, Poultry Feed , Poultry Food , Frozen Meats , Ham • Milk & Dairy Products Cheese Spread , Condensed Milk , Curd , Dairy Products , Dairy Whitener , Dry Yeast, Butter, Cheese, Ice Cream , Ice Cream Corns , Shrikhand, Milk, Milk Cans , Milk Powder , Milk Products , Paneer, Extract Powder , Flavoured Milk , Yeast • Natural Dried, Live and Grafted Plants Live Plants , Natural Dried Plants , Natural Plants grafted Plants • Other Miscellaneous Agro Products Bajra, Barley, Dried Marine Products , Cane, Jaggery, Agro Commodities , Agro Product , Jaggery Powder , Sorbitol, Soya Meals , Starch, Sugar, Namkeens, Natural Honey , Onions, Papad, Flour, Foodstuffs, Glucose, Gluten, Groundnuts, Honey 48
Products related to the Agriculture and Food Industry cont.. • Pet-Use Products, Feeds, Pet Furniture & Allied Products Dog Biscuits , Raw Hide Bones , Pet Feeds , Pet Products , Pet-Use Products , Equestarian Goods , Equestarian Harness • Pickles, Chutneys, Ketchups & Sauces Chilly sauce , Chutney, Chutnies, Ketchups, Lemon Pickles , Mango Pickles , Sauces, Soya Sauce , Synth Vinegar , Mustard Sauce , Pepper Sauce , Pickles, Garlic Sauce , Tomato Ketchups , Tomato Sauce • Processed Food & Snacks Canned Fish , Canned Food , Malt Extract , Snacks, Soup, Soup Concentrate , Soup Powder , Porridge, Potato Wafers , Processed Chicken , Processed Foods , Processed Seafoods , Processed Snacks , Fish & Sea Food , Frozen Fish , Frozen Meat , Frozen Shrimps • Rice, Wheat, Pulses & Other Food Grains Cereals, Maida, Maize, Rice, Rice Bran Extractions , Rice Mill Machinery , Sorghum, Soymeal, Suji, Parmal, Pulses, Wheat Flour, Wheat Machinery 49
Products related to the Agriculture and Food Industry cont.. • Seeds, Buds, Plantation & Related Products Basil Seed , Cumin seeds , Dill Seed , Buds, Cellery Seed , Hybrid Seeds , Seeds, Sesame Seeds , Sesbania Seed , Sunflower Seeds , Mustard Seeds , Oil Seeds , Plant Products , Plantation, Plants, Psyllium Seed , Fennel Seed , Fenugreek Seed , Herb Seeds , Tamarind Seed , Vegetable Seeds • Spices & Derivatives Black Pepper , Chilli Powder , Chillies, Cinnamon, Cloves, Coriander Powder , Cumin, Curry Powders , Dry Ginger , Dry Red Chilly , Elaichi, Cardamom, Chat Masala , Chatni, Anise, Indian Spices , , Salt, Spices, Spices From India, Onion Powder , Pepper Fenugreek , Seeds, Garam Masala , Ginger, Hot Spices , Turmeric, Turmeric Powder • Tea & Coffee Black Tea , Coffee, Coffee Beans , Darjeeling Teas , Assam Teas , Indian Tea , Instant Coffee , Leaf Coffee , Leaf Tea, Packaged Tea , Green Tea , Tea , Tea Bags, CTC Teas • Tobacco & Tobacco Products Beedi, Betalnut Leaves , Betalnut Supari , Bidi, Bidi Leaves , Chewing Tobacco , Cigarettes, Arecanut, Jarda, Scented Tobacco , Smoking Items , Smokking Tobbacco , Snuff, Supari, Opium, Pan, Chatni, Pan Masala , Pan Parag , Tobbacco, Tobbacco Products , Tulsi Mix , Gutkazarda, Tulsi Zarda , Tobacco, Zafrani Zarda 50
Agri industries help strengthen the farm sector and stabilize rural incomes AGRI Industries are considered an extended arm of agriculture but in India they have not received as much attention as agriculture. While agriculture contributes about 25 per cent of India's GDP the value added by the processing industry is only 8 per cent of total food production. For example, only two per cent of horticulture products are estimated to be processed and more than 30 per cent of production is wasted due to lack of storage and processing facilities. 51
Thank You 52
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