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Travel-Nature

Published on March 18, 2008

Author: Florence

Source: authorstream.com

"The CIVITAS Initiative - Developing integrated strategies for clean urban mobility" Siegfried Rupprecht:  "The CIVITAS Initiative - Developing integrated strategies for clean urban mobility" Siegfried Rupprecht Regions for economic change Sharing Excellence Brussels, 25 – 26 Feb 2008 Basic Facts about CIVITAS:  Basic Facts about CIVITAS Demonstration programme funded by European Union (EU) 430+ Mio € budget with 180 Mio € EU funding Start in 2002 Aim: Testing integrated strategies for clean urban transport Programme for cities Cities at the heart of local private-public partnerships Political commitment & involvement as basic requirements “City laboratories” for learning and evaluating Helping to implement real change Integrating technology & policy measures Clean transport & energy saving Building up critical mass & markets Third round of projects under negotiation now Basic Facts:  Basic Facts Policy Fields:  Policy Fields Clean Vehicles Collective passenger transport New forms of vehicle use & ownership Access restrictions & integrated pricing Telematics & traffic management Goods distribution Mobility management "Soft" measures Integrated into a comprehensive packet ! 212 measures 19 cities 4 years:  212 measures 19 cities 4 years Evaluation Results from CIVITAS 1 Clean Vehicles & Fuels:  Clean Vehicles & Fuels Some results Public or private fleets using clean(er) fuels or new filtering technology Full conversion of bus fleet in Lille (biogas), Graz (biodiesel) Smaller fleets in most other cities Clean trucks & waste lorries Supporting infrastructure & incentives Joint procurement Stimulation of market take-up Refuelling stations CIVITAS is a major catalyst for clean vehicle implementation! Clean Vehicles & Fuels:  Clean Vehicles & Fuels Impacts User acceptance is high Energy consumption is not always lower Costs are often higher Environmental balance is excellent (all major air pollutants & noise) Lessons Standardisation & stimulation of demand is necessary Positive regulatory & fiscal framework is important CIVITAS helped to move from niche market for clean vehicles CIVITAS initiated clean well-to-wheel concepts on large scale (biogas) Clean Vehicles & Fuels:  "Enhanced Environmental Vehicle": Serial EEV Buses in Bremen Low floor articulated diesel busess with onboard info system Well connected to other modes Combined ticketing (incl. car sharing) Win-win situation Fully integrated in comprehensive mobility concept High political value: first serial EEV buses in Germany Certified to meet 2010 NO2 legislation CIVITAS had catalytic role & provided seed funding Clean Vehicles & Fuels Access restrictions:  Access restrictions Results Major inner-city areas regulated in Barcelona, Bristol, Cork, Gdynia, Nantes & Rome Impacts Significant noise & air quality improvements Reductions of congestion High appreciation of residents, shopowners, couriers (after strong initial oppposition) Lessons Extremely effective tool for better air quality (quality of life in general) Must be part of a "package" & must include consultation Parking management:  Parking management Innovative measures in 10 cities: New payment facilities Preference to clean cars General demand management Very positive impacts Best when combined with access restriction (e.g. 80% traffic reduction in Pecs) Social acceptance high Lessons An efficient & flexible tool A more acceptable use of economic instruments Integrated pricing:  Integrated pricing Results Congestion charging in Stockholm & time-based access pricing in Rome (& several studies) Less traffic (e.g. –25% Stockholm) Impacts Air quality (& "liveability") improved (e.g. –40% CO2, –13% PM in Stockholm) Successful demand management tool Lessons Must be part of a package Good public communication & consultation are crucial Acceptance of most affected groups can be gained after successful operation Car sharing & car pooling:  Car sharing & car pooling Range of 12 measures Car pooling for employees Business users as target groups Impacts Mature concept with reproducable benefits (environment, user acceptance, urban space, public transport loyalty) Economically profitable Lessons Not owning, but using a car (& paying only by its use) is still a "cultural revolution" Supporting measure with a long-term effect on lifestyles Other policy fields:  Other policy fields Improving efficiency & customer loyalty (and saving resources): Multi-modal interchange – Connecting the transport modes by (Real-time) information High quality infrastructure Traffic management & information Public transport priority Travel information systems & centres Other policy fields:  Other policy fields Providing an attractive mobility package for all: Collective passenger transport High quality transport services Quality partnerships New on-demand public transport services Security, safety, accessibility Creating clean mobility demand Safe cycling & bike renting schemes Raising awareness ... ... and many more measures! Other policy fields:  Other policy fields Ensuring necessary economic functions – Distributing goods efficiently: Multi-use lanes & night delivery Logistics centres Coordinated distribution services Clean delivery fleets CIVITAS Results:  CIVITAS Results Working in partnership & achieving high integration Identifying barriers & drivers of implementation Analysing impacts Consulting closely with the public to reduce risk of non-acceptance Achieving “the impossible”: Access restriction schemes Closing roads for cars Access pricing ... Analysis of transferability & packaging Mainstreaming CIVITAS:  Mainstreaming CIVITAS Based on CIVITAS 1 results it is realistic to assume 20% shift from car to collective transport 20% bus fleet renewal (from diesel to CNG) Overall added value compared to "business as usual" scenario (2010) NOx –12% SO2 –17% PM –15% CO2 –17% Source: TREMOVE model CIVITAS Outcomes:  CIVITAS Outcomes High overall success in implementation with impressive achievements in cities Two thirds with "notable" or "acceptable" results Which barriers need to be overcome? Lack of stakeholder support in planning phase Insufficient feasibility planning Low involvement of suppliers/ industry Vague business case (lack of budget for operation & maintenance) What is driving success? Continued political support during implementation Sustainability policies "above the parties" Links & synergies between policies & measures An agreed policy framework as reference Knowing & involving the users/ citizens in every phase (done in a professional way) Smooth institutional framework with agreed common goals CIVITAS Results: Sharing lessons:  CIVITAS Results: Sharing lessons Sharing experiences & discussing innovative policies at the CIVITAS Forum Evaluation results available Final Evaluation Report Measure Fact Sheets Sharing news & case studies ELTIS Portal: www.eltis.org CIVITAS Portal: www.civitas-initiative.eu Sharing lessons internationally International exchange of practical lessons:  International exchange of practical lessons Russia / NIS (NIIAT) China (CATS) Asia (CAI-Asia) Latin America (CAI-LAC) EC-US Cooperation with "Clean Cities" Programme Is fundamental change possible?:  Is fundamental change possible? Thank you! Further information: www.civitas-initiative.eu www.eltis.org Siegfried Rupprecht s.rupprecht@rupprecht-consult.eu Tel +49.221.60 60 55 -11:  Thank you! Further information: www.civitas-initiative.eu www.eltis.org Siegfried Rupprecht s.rupprecht@rupprecht-consult.eu Tel +49.221.60 60 55 -11

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