Run On Sentences

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Information about Run On Sentences
Education

Published on January 1, 2009

Author: kwykes

Source: slideshare.net

Description

This presentation is an adaptation by me of information from The DK Handbook, Pearson Ed., 2009 regarding run-on sentences and their subsequent revision. It presents five different ways to correct run-ons.

 

What is a run-on sentence?

A run-on sentence is… a sentence that consists of two independent clauses that are connected with punctuation that is unconventional or with no punctuation between them.

a sentence that consists of

two independent clauses

that are connected

with punctuation that is unconventional

or with no punctuation between them.

What is an independent clause?

An independent clause is one that… stands by itself as a simple, complete sentence. contains a subject contains a predicate (verb)

stands by itself as a simple, complete sentence.

contains a subject

contains a predicate (verb)

EXAMPLES OF INDEPENDENT CLAUSES John walks. Cats and dogs sleep a lot. The room was huge and airy. The presidential elections caused much consternation for voters this year.

EXAMPLES OF INDEPENDENT CLAUSES

John walks.

Cats and dogs sleep a lot.

The room was huge and airy.

The presidential elections caused much consternation for voters this year.

Types of run-on sentences

FUSED There is NO punctuation between the two independent clauses Obama was one of the candidates for U. S. president he won the election.

There is NO punctuation between the two independent clauses

Obama was one of the candidates for U. S. president he won the election.

COMMA SPLICES There is a COMMA placed between the two independent clauses Obama held his acceptance speech at Grant Park in Chicago, there were thousands of admirers in attendance at the event.

There is a COMMA placed between the two independent clauses

Obama held his acceptance speech at Grant

Park in Chicago, there were thousands of

admirers in attendance at the event.

Is this a run-on sentence? Obama used the Internet to reach out to many people, consequently many people voted for him.

Obama used the Internet to reach out to many people, consequently many people voted for him.

YES! The word consequently is a conjunctive (connecting) adverb which cannot be used to connect two independent clauses. Sometimes comma splices are created in this way.

The word consequently is a conjunctive (connecting) adverb which cannot be used to connect two independent clauses.

Sometimes comma splices are created in this way.

CORRECTING RUN-ONS USING CONVENTIONAL PUNCTUATION

ONE SEPARATE THE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES INTO TWO SENTENCES

 

 

TWO JOIN THE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES WITH A SEMICOLON OR COLON

 

THREE CONNECT THE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES WITH A COMMA AND A COORDINATING CONJUNCTION.

Coordinating conjunctions

 

FOUR MAKE ONE OF THE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES INTO A DEPENDENT CLAUSE A dependent clause cannot stand on its own.

A dependent clause cannot stand on its own.

DEPENDENT CLAUSES Adjective clauses Adverb clauses

Adjective clauses

Adverb clauses

Adjective clauses consist of RELATIVE PRONOUNS + PREDICATE who used the Internet which was on the Internet that caused much consternation whose use of the Internet

who used the Internet

which was on the Internet

that caused much consternation

whose use of the Internet

 

Adverb clauses consist of SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTION + SUBJECT + PREDICATE after Obama won the election although the election caused much consternation before people voted when Obama won while the elections were going on

after Obama won the election

although the election caused much consternation

before people voted

when Obama won

while the elections were going on

 

FIVE RESTRUCTURE THE TWO INDEPENDENT CLAUSES INTO ONE INDEPENDENT CLAUSE Turn one of the independent clauses into a phrase that modifies the subject in the other independent clause.

Turn one of the independent clauses into a phrase that

modifies the subject in the other independent clause.

 

SUMMARY Separate the two independent clauses into two separate sentences by adding a period. Use a colon or semicolon to connect one independent clause to the other. Use a comma and a coordinating conjunction to connect the two independent clauses. Make one independent clause into a dependent clause by using relative pronouns or subordinating conjunctions. Restructure the independent clauses into one independent clause.

Separate the two independent clauses into two separate sentences by adding a period.

Use a colon or semicolon to connect one independent clause to the other.

Use a comma and a coordinating conjunction to connect the two independent clauses.

Make one independent clause into a dependent clause by using relative pronouns or subordinating conjunctions.

Restructure the independent clauses into one independent clause.

Adapted by K. Wykes from: Wysocki, Anne Francis. The DK Handbook . New York: Pearson Education, 2009.

Adapted by K. Wykes from:

Wysocki, Anne Francis. The DK Handbook .

New York: Pearson Education, 2009.

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