Ruminant Animals

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Information about Ruminant Animals
Education

Published on November 5, 2008

Author: b.stev

Source: slideshare.net

Description

rumen, microbes of the rumen, bacteria of the rumen, process in ruminant animals, gut of ruminant animals, bacterial concentrations in ruminant animals, bacterial fluctuations in ruminant animals

Ruminant Animals b.stev

THE RUMEN EACH millilitre of rumen digestive juice: 10 – 50 billion MICROBES 1 million PROTOZOA variable YEASTS & FUNGI environmen t of the rumen is ANAEROBIC fermentation process of digestion: helped by these MICROBES (Bowen, 2006)

EACH millilitre of rumen digestive juice:

10 – 50 billion MICROBES

1 million PROTOZOA

variable YEASTS & FUNGI

The interaction between the different species of microbes aid each in their metabolic processes WASTES that are produced from one species is the nutrient to the metabolism of another A complex FOOD web oseopgeus gases today’s hay grain & yesterday’s hay THE RUMEN (Bowen, 2006)

CELLULOLYTIC – DIGEST cellulose HEMICELLULOLYTIC – hemicellulose AMYLOLYTIC – starch PROTEOLYTIC – proteins SUGAR utilizers – simple saccharides AMMONIA producers VITAMIN synthesisers METHANE producers LIST of the MICROBES within: (Bowen, 2006)

CELLULOLYTIC – DIGEST cellulose

HEMICELLULOLYTIC – hemicellulose

AMYLOLYTIC – starch

PROTEOLYTIC – proteins

SUGAR utilizers – simple saccharides

AMMONIA producers

VITAMIN synthesisers

METHANE producers

THE RUMEN is acidic : ‘ BICARBONATE ’ - is produced in saliva helps to maintain equilibrium A COW produces 100 – 150 L per day chewed feed - periodically returned from the rumen mouth where it is chewed again

AN EXAMPLE: COWS fed with grains have considerably lower concentrations cellulolytic species (Wikipedia, 2008)

THE RUMEN pH is most favourable at : 6 – 7 severe pH fluctuations alter: microbe population INTRODUCTION : new feed must be done: – little and often ALLOW normal / gorge FEEDING DEPLETE A MICROBE TO EXTINCTION & SERIOUS HEALTH EFFECTS CAN OCCUR CARE is required : feeding the animal

Bibliography Wikipedia. (2008). Rumen – wikipedia, the free enclyclopedia . Retrieved September 28, 2008, from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Rumen - 35k - Bowen. R. (2006). Digestive physiology of herbivores . Retrieved September 28, 2008, from http://arbl.cvmbs.colostate.edu/hbooks/pathphys/digestion /herbivores/index.html

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