RSS and Its Use In Libraries

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Information about RSS and Its Use In Libraries
Technology

Published on February 3, 2009

Author: sukhi

Source: slideshare.net

Description

RSS is a new way of delivering and consuming information. Librarians and Libraries should exploit this technology to effectively promote the content they produce; help their users to select appropriate feeds; Re-Publish selective RSS feeds to cater special target groups
and use this technology to keep themselves up-to-date in this era of Information Explosion.

RSS and its use in Libraries Sukhdev Singh

First of all let us see what RSS can do?

Even before that let us see how we can keep ourselves up-to-date in the Era of Internet

Blogs News Journals Databases Keeping yourself Up-to-date Go Get It

Blogs

Blogs News Journals Databases Keeping yourself Up-to-date Guests are Welcomed

Blogs

RSS is the new way of keeping yourself up-to-date RSS (which, in its most recent format, stands for "Really Simple Syndication") Some expand it as - Rich Site Summary

RSS (which, in its most recent format, stands for "Really Simple Syndication")

Some expand it as - Rich Site Summary

By RSS Feeds Easily stay informed by subscribing the latest content from the sites you are interested in. You save time by not visiting each site individually. Your privacy is maintained unlike subscribing to each site's email newsletter

Easily stay informed by subscribing the latest content from the sites you are interested in.

You save time by not visiting each site individually.

Your privacy is maintained unlike subscribing to each site's email newsletter

What all is Required for this? A PLACE to mix the new content of your interest RSS READER and Content in Special Format RSS Feeds

A PLACE to mix the new content of your interest

RSS READER

and Content in Special Format

RSS Feeds

RSS READERs Desktop Softwares http://www.download.com/RSS-Tools/3150-9227-0.html Online Services http://reader.google.com http://my.yahoo.com http://bloglines.com

Desktop Softwares

http://www.download.com/RSS-Tools/3150-9227-0.html

Online Services

http://reader.google.com

http://my.yahoo.com

http://bloglines.com

 

 

http://www.bloglines.com/

Even smart cell phones have means to read RSS

 

Where to get RSS Feeds Blogs – Most are RSS Enabled Web sites - Check for buttons Databases – Execute your search query Create RSS Feed

Blogs – Most are RSS Enabled

Web sites - Check for buttons

Databases –

Execute your search query

Create RSS Feed

Connecting READER with FEEDS Clicking on RSS Button will reveal the URL of the RSS Feed Copy the URL Paste the URL in your READER and subscribe the FEED

Clicking on RSS Button will reveal the URL of the RSS Feed

Copy the URL

Paste the URL in your READER and subscribe the FEED

OK, we will take an example

Say for Example I am interested in News – Let me know what current News are reported by NDTV.COM I read blogs, so let me know what is latest on Peter Suber’s Blog. I want to know what all new articles are deposited in my favorite repository - http://openmed.nic.in What all new articles are added in my favorite database - PubMed - on the topic “Medical Informatics in India”?

I am interested in News – Let me know what current News are reported by NDTV.COM

I read blogs, so let me know what is latest on Peter Suber’s Blog.

I want to know what all new articles are deposited in my favorite repository - http://openmed.nic.in

What all new articles are added in my favorite database - PubMed - on the topic “Medical Informatics in India”?

Ok, we will use Google Reader as our RSS Reader for this example http://www.google.com/reader/

Login

Look for Add Subscription

Look for Add Subscription

Click on Add Subscription

We will now subscribe to RSS feeds One by One Let us first add Feed from News Site i.e. NDTV in our example

Let us first add Feed from News Site i.e.

NDTV in our example

Open a New Window in your browser go to the site i.e. NDTV.COM

Click on RSS button and Get URL of your RSS Feed for News

Just Look URL. COPY it with Ctrl + C

Paste the URL Here Ctrl+V

Wow, Your News are Here

Wow, Your News are Here

Now let us subscribe a blog! Remember M ost blogs are RSS enabled So no need to look for any Orange Button. Just enter the blog URL

Now let us add a feed from Blog now.

Repeat steps for Adding Subscription

Wow, Blog feed is here

Wow, Blog feed is here

To subscribe RSS Feed from any site Look for Orange Buttons Click and get the URL

Now for Repository. Look for RSS Button .

Now for Repository.

Look for RSS Button .

Look for URL Above and Copy it.

Add Subscription

And it has been done!

You can also create / customize an RSS feed to suit interest. However the site should provide such facility Let us see how we can create an RSS Feed on PubMed Database Site on a Query

Now let us create a feed from PubMED

Enter your Query as you do normally.

In Display Menu - Click on Drop Down Option for RSS

In Display Menu - Click on Drop Down Option for RSS

Click on Create Feed

Look for Small Orange Icon – and Click it.

Copy the URL of the Feed.

Add Subscription

And no surprise, It is Done

You can Manage yours RSS Subscriptions

 

See them all at one place. No need to visit each site.

 

You can even Export or Import your subscriptions to / from Other Readers

We have seen the usefulness of RSS. Now let see what is this RSS?

Blogs Saved Searchers Social Bookmarking Wikis News Syndication Isn’t that R eally S imple?

RSS Stands for “Really Simple Syndication”. Can also stand for “Rich Site Summary”, or “RDF Site Summary”.

Stands for “Really Simple Syndication”.

Can also stand for “Rich Site Summary”, or “RDF Site Summary”.

“ Really Simple Syndication ” is the default expansion of RSS nowadays.

“ Really Simple Syndication ” is the default expansion of RSS nowadays.

RSS is written in XML language for syndicating information items on web.

XML Source Code of RSS <?xml version=&quot;1.0&quot; encoding=&quot;windows-1252&quot;?> <rss version=&quot;2.0&quot;> <channel> <title>NDTV News</title> <description></description> <language>en-us</language> <link>http://www.ndtv.com</link> <copyright>&#169; Copyright 2006, New Delhi Television Ltd.</copyright> <pubDate>Wed, 21 Jan 2009 16:13:17 GMT</pubDate> <category>National News</category> <image> <title>NDTVNews</title><url>http://www.ndtv.com/images/ndtv.gif</url> <link>http://www.ndtv.com</link> </image> <item> <title>Surya Kiran trainer jet crashes in Karnataka, pilot killed</title> <pubDate>Wed, 21 Jan 2009 13:29:00 GMT</pubDate> <description><![CDATA[<p><a href=http://www.ndtv.com/convergence/ndtv/story.aspx?id=NEWEN20090080888><img align=&quot;left&quot; border=&quot;0&quot; src=&quot;http://www.ndtv.com/convergence/images/thumbnail/ver1/m/mapkarnataka1.jpg&quot; alt=&quot;Surya Kiran trainer jet crashes in Karnataka, pilot killed&quot; style=&quot;margin-right:5px;margin-top:5px;width:70px;height:70px;&quot; /></a>A pilot of an Indian Kiran trainer jet was killed in a crash on Wednesday morning near Bidar in Karnataka. </p><br clear=&quot;all&quot; />]]></description> <link>http://www.ndtv.com/convergence/ndtv/story.aspx?id=NEWEN20090080888</link> <keywords>crash, pilot, Karnataka</keywords> </item> </channel> </rss>

RSS when viewed in Browser

RSS Format RSS feed is an XML file containing a list of  items  or  entries . items are identified by links and can have some metadata associated with it. The most basic metadata for an item includes a title for the link and a description of it.

RSS feed is an XML file containing a list of  items  or  entries .

items are identified by links and can have some metadata associated with it.

The most basic metadata for an item includes a title for the link and a description of it.

For example, a simple entry of an ‘item’ might look like <item> <title>Title of an item in feed</title> <link>http://link.domain.com/item</link> <description> This is the description of the item. </description> </item>

<item> <title>Title of an item in feed</title> <link>http://link.domain.com/item</link> <description> This is the description of the item. </description> </item>

Some Important Tags rss – it is used to mark the global container. channel – is used to mark the distributing channel. It has several descriptive tags and holds one or several items. 

rss – it is used to mark the global container.

channel – is used to mark the distributing channel. It has several descriptive tags and holds one or several items. 

Container <?xml version=&quot;1.0&quot; ?> < rss  version=&quot;2.0&quot;> < channel >      …… …… </ channel > </ rss >

<?xml version=&quot;1.0&quot; ?>

< rss  version=&quot;2.0&quot;> < channel >      ……

…… </ channel >

</ rss >

Required tags for the channel   title - The title of the channel. Should contain the name. link -   URL of the website that provides this channel. d escription - Summary of what the provider is. i tem.   At least one item tag for the content of the feed.

title - The title of the channel. Should contain the name. link -   URL of the website that provides this channel. d escription - Summary of what the provider is. i tem.   At least one item tag for the content of the feed.

< rss  version=&quot;2.0&quot;> < channel >      < title > Channel Title </ title >          < link > http://www.xul.fr/ </ link >      < description > Some Description </ description >        < item >  … .. … ..     </ item >      </ channel > </ rss >

< rss  version=&quot;2.0&quot;> < channel >      < title > Channel Title </ title >          < link > http://www.xul.fr/ </ link >      < description > Some Description </ description >        < item > 

… ..

… ..     </ item >      </ channel >

</ rss >

Each  item  tag must hold these tags: title . Title of the article. link . The URL of the page. description . Summary of the article.    

title . Title of the article. link . The URL of the page. description . Summary of the article.    

< item >   < title > Surya Kiran trainer jet crashes in Karnataka, pilot killed </ title >            < link > http://www.ndtv.com/convergence/ndtv/story.aspx?id=NEWEN20090080888 </ link >     < description > A pilot of an Indian Kiran trainer jet was killed in a crash on Wednesday morning near Bidar in Karnataka </ description >  </ item > <item> …… . </item>

< item >  

< title > Surya Kiran trainer jet crashes in Karnataka, pilot killed

</ title >            < link > http://www.ndtv.com/convergence/ndtv/story.aspx?id=NEWEN20090080888

</ link >     < description > A pilot of an Indian Kiran trainer jet was killed in a crash on Wednesday morning near Bidar in Karnataka

</ description > 

</ item >

<item>

…… .

</item>

Format looks too complicated? Don’t worry In practice you will perhaps never need to create an RSS Feed manually. For all practical purposes you will be using RSS Enabled content managers or some other tools to exact data from pages and generate Feeds.

In practice you will perhaps never need to create an RSS Feed manually.

For all practical purposes you will be using RSS Enabled content managers or some other tools to exact data from pages and generate Feeds.

How does RSS work? Content Provider Content Consumer

How RSS Feeds are created? Manual Markup You markup the content manually. Software Assisted You just type in the content in forms . The software generates the markup. Publishing Platforms You simply use RSS enabled publishing platform / content manager.

Manual Markup You markup the content manually.

Software Assisted You just type in the content in forms .

The software generates the markup.

Publishing Platforms

You simply use RSS enabled publishing platform / content manager.

Software Assisted Manual mark-up is not required. Number of software options are available to assist in creating RSS Feeds.

Manual mark-up is not required.

Number of software options are available to assist in creating RSS Feeds.

One such software is Download from http://usablelabs.org/feedspring http://www.softpedia.com/progDownload/Feed-Spring-Download-20514.html

Download from http://usablelabs.org/feedspring

http://www.softpedia.com/progDownload/Feed-Spring-Download-20514.html

Just fill in few forms and it will generate XML file i.e. RSS Feed

Just fill in few forms and it will generate XML file i.e. RSS Feed

 

http://www.feedforall.com/download.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://www.webreference.com/cgi-bin/perl/makerss.pl

RSS enabled Publishing platforms Content managers Database based applications Modern Library Automation Softwares

Modern publishing and content management platforms are RSS enabled Blogging platforms like – Blogger, Wordpress, Livejournal, Movable Type Some popular open source, server-side, portal content management systems such as PostNuke , (php), PHP-Nuke ,(php) phpWebLog (php), SlashDot (Perl), Squishdot (Zope), Rusty Foster's Scoop (Perl), Roller (Java), and Drupal (php) can also create and display RSS feeds using their built-in news aggregators.

Blogging platforms like – Blogger, Wordpress, Livejournal, Movable Type

Some popular open source, server-side, portal content management systems such as PostNuke , (php), PHP-Nuke ,(php) phpWebLog (php), SlashDot (Perl), Squishdot (Zope), Rusty Foster's Scoop (Perl), Roller (Java), and Drupal (php) can also create and display RSS feeds using their built-in news aggregators.

WEB 2.0 Applications are RSS enabled

http://edutechwiki.unige.ch/en/List_of_web_2.0_applications

http://oedb.org/blogs/ilibrarian/2008/the-100-top-web-apps-for-2008/

Database Driven Applications Database driven applications can easily be made RSS enabled by creating reports (displaying items) in XML format for RSS Feeds

Database driven applications can easily be made RSS enabled by creating reports (displaying items) in XML format for RSS Feeds

 

 

PERL Script used in OpenMED (EPRINTS) TO Generate RSS Feed

 

 

 

 

Libraries and RSS Libraries are ideal candidates for adopting and using RSS to their advantage as Information Producers Information Gateways Information Consumers

Libraries are ideal candidates for adopting and using RSS to their advantage as

Information Producers

Information Gateways

Information Consumers

Libraries as Information Producers As information producers, libraries maintain their web sites providing information about its services, new additions, announcements and other many other information tools like OPAC

As information producers, libraries maintain their web sites providing information about its services, new additions, announcements and other many other information tools like OPAC

Libraries Can - Create an RSS feed for new additions to the online catalogue Create an RSS feed tied to a library card account for hold notifications and/or overdue materials. Create an RSS feed for new programs and events posted on the library website. Create an RSS feed for the library’s electronic newsletter. Create an RSS feed for press releases and other media advisories. Create an RSS feed for library closings, including emergency closings. Create an RSS feed for library job openings

Create an RSS feed for new additions to the online catalogue

Create an RSS feed tied to a library card account for hold notifications and/or overdue materials.

Create an RSS feed for new programs and events posted on the library website.

Create an RSS feed for the library’s electronic newsletter.

Create an RSS feed for press releases and other media advisories.

Create an RSS feed for library closings, including emergency closings.

Create an RSS feed for library job openings

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As a gateway to information, libraries can: Subscribe to a few RSS feeds, such as local news websites, and share the content on the library’s website. Subscribe and share RSS feeds of interest to library users. Compile list of useful RSS feeds with suitable annotation to help users to pick up feeds of their interest.

Subscribe to a few RSS feeds, such as local news websites, and share the content on the library’s website.

Subscribe and share RSS feeds of interest to library users.

Compile list of useful RSS feeds with suitable annotation to help users to pick up feeds of their interest.

 

 

 

Libraries can Re-Publish RSS Feeds Create RSS Feeds from databases like PubMed on “queries” that might be of interest to various departments of parent institute of the library Subscribe to RSS feeds of interest to library users and re-publish them

Create RSS Feeds from databases like PubMed on “queries” that might be of interest to various departments of parent institute of the library

Subscribe to RSS feeds of interest to library users and re-publish them

  Content of RSS feeds can be displayed from websites by running suitable scripts at web servers. When someone visits such websites these scripts get activated. Scripts extract RSS Feeds from providers’ websites and display items with appropriate links to providers’ pages.

Content of RSS feeds can be displayed from websites by running suitable scripts at web servers.

When someone visits such websites these scripts get activated.

Scripts extract RSS Feeds from providers’ websites and display items with appropriate links to providers’ pages.

Let us take a simple example of Re-publishing RSS Feeds for special interest groups Say there is a university department for “Medical Informatics”. Faculty and Students would like to be alerted on what all is being published on “Medical Informatics”.

Let us take a simple example of Re-publishing RSS Feeds for special interest groups

Say there is a university department for “Medical Informatics”.

Faculty and Students would like to be alerted on what all is being published on “Medical Informatics”.

Generate an RSS Feed by suitable query

For our example we will select a site that allows to publish RSS Feeds for free. http://suprglu.com (There are many such services)

For our example we will select a site that allows to publish RSS Feeds for free.

http://suprglu.com

(There are many such services)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Libraries as consumer can subscribe to Feeds of Interest to Librarians

http://www.libsuccess.org/index.php?title=RSS

Conclusion RSS is a new way of delivering and consuming information Librarians and Libraries should exploit this technology to effectively promote the content they produce Help their users to select appropriate feeds Re-Publish selective RSS Feeds to cater special target groups Use this technology to keep themselves up-to-date in this era of Information Explosion

RSS is a new way of delivering and consuming information

Librarians and Libraries should exploit this technology to effectively promote the content they produce

Help their users to select appropriate feeds

Re-Publish selective RSS Feeds to cater special target groups

Use this technology to keep themselves up-to-date in this era of Information Explosion

Further Reading: RSS - A Primer for Publishers & Content Providers (M.Moffat) - convincing rationale for RSS and valuable Q&A - http://www.eevl.ac.uk/rss_primer/ Searching RSS Channels for News (Utah State Library) - http://www.rssgov.com/rsssearchworkshop.html RSS Tutorial for Content Publishers and Webmasters (M. Nottingham) - http://www.mnot.net/rss/tutorial/ Set Up a Simple Syndication Feed Using RSS (L. Angelius) - http://www.devx.com/xml/Article/10790 RSS FAQ (Ed Pimentel) - http://radio.weblogs.com/0105060/categories/blogging/2003/08/26.html#a1637 RSS 0.92: A Step-by-Step Beginner's Guide to Creating Your First Document(M. Trump) - http://www.jamsterdam.com/rss092/

RSS - A Primer for Publishers & Content Providers (M.Moffat) - convincing rationale for RSS and valuable Q&A - http://www.eevl.ac.uk/rss_primer/

Searching RSS Channels for News (Utah State Library) - http://www.rssgov.com/rsssearchworkshop.html

RSS Tutorial for Content Publishers and Webmasters (M. Nottingham) - http://www.mnot.net/rss/tutorial/

Set Up a Simple Syndication Feed Using RSS (L. Angelius) - http://www.devx.com/xml/Article/10790

RSS FAQ (Ed Pimentel) - http://radio.weblogs.com/0105060/categories/blogging/2003/08/26.html#a1637

RSS 0.92: A Step-by-Step Beginner's Guide to Creating Your First Document(M. Trump) - http://www.jamsterdam.com/rss092/

PHP and XML: Parsing RSS 1.0 (K. Yank) - http://www.sitepoint.com/article/560/2 Explanation of RSS, How You Can Use it, and Finding RSS Feeds (M.Fagan) - http://www.faganfinder.com/search/rss.shtml What is RSS and how can it serve libraries? http://eprints.rclis.org/2531/1/RSS_and_libraries_EN3.pdf Library 2.0: RSS Feeds Dynamic Uses for Special Libraries http://www.sla.org/pdfs/sla2007/hartrssfeeds.pdf 10 Ways Libraries Can Use RSS - The Moxie Librarian http://moxielibrarian.wordpress.com/2008/02/27/10-ways-libraries-can-use-rss/

PHP and XML: Parsing RSS 1.0 (K. Yank) - http://www.sitepoint.com/article/560/2

Explanation of RSS, How You Can Use it, and Finding RSS Feeds (M.Fagan) - http://www.faganfinder.com/search/rss.shtml

What is RSS and how can it serve libraries? http://eprints.rclis.org/2531/1/RSS_and_libraries_EN3.pdf

Library 2.0: RSS Feeds Dynamic Uses for Special Libraries http://www.sla.org/pdfs/sla2007/hartrssfeeds.pdf

10 Ways Libraries Can Use RSS - The Moxie Librarian http://moxielibrarian.wordpress.com/2008/02/27/10-ways-libraries-can-use-rss/

THANKS

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