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Rome Sec2 A

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Information about Rome Sec2 A

Published on October 24, 2008

Author: duez

Source: slideshare.net

Description

World History, Roman Empire, Rome, Social Studies
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Part Two: From Republic To Empire

1. For all its success – Rome was unstable 2 . Power switches from the many to the few

1. For all its success – Rome was unstable

2 . Power switches from the many to the few

 

Growing Inequality & Unrest Landed aristocracy governed Rome Wealthy, powerful families Senate & political offices

Landed aristocracy governed Rome

Wealthy, powerful families

Senate & political offices

Small farmers losing land to large, wealthy landowners New urban class of landless poor Latifundia – Large Landed Estates (like Plantation)

Small farmers losing land to large, wealthy landowners

New urban class of landless poor

Latifundia – Large Landed Estates (like Plantation)

Latifundia

Tiberius & Gaius Gracchus, reform-minded aristocrats Called for laws giving public land back to the landless poor Both brothers eventually killed Discontent & unrest grew

Tiberius & Gaius Gracchus, reform-minded aristocrats

Called for laws giving public land back to the landless poor

Both brothers eventually killed

Discontent & unrest grew

VIDEO: Rise of Tiberius

Video: Tiberius Champions the Poor

SPQR? S.P.Q.R. is an initialism of a Latin noun phrase, Senatus Populusque Romanus ("The Senate and the Roman People")

S.P.Q.R. is an initialism of a Latin noun phrase, Senatus Populusque Romanus ("The Senate and the Roman People")

Video: Cicero Takes the Lead

The Collapse of the Republic Civil Wars 82 - 31 B.C. Crassus, Pompey & Julius Caesar emerged as victors combined wealth & power to dominate the political scene

Civil Wars 82 - 31 B.C.

Crassus, Pompey & Julius Caesar emerged as victors

combined wealth & power to dominate the political scene

The First Triumvirate 60 B.C. Crassus, Pompey & Caesar Crassus killed in 53 B.C.

60 B.C.

Crassus, Pompey & Caesar

Crassus killed in 53 B.C.

Video: Caesar’s Leadership

Caesar crossed the Rubicon , the river Caesar and Pompey start a civil war

Caesar crossed the Rubicon , the river

Caesar and Pompey start a civil war

Caesar defeats Pompey’s forces Caesar become a dictator – an absolute ruler

Caesar defeats Pompey’s forces

Caesar become a dictator – an absolute ruler

Video: Caesar Starts Civil War

Julius Caesar 44 B.C. a group of leading senators assassinated him

44 B.C. a group of leading senators assassinated him

 

The Second Triumvirate Octavian, Antony & Lepidus Octavian took the west & Antony, the east

Octavian, Antony & Lepidus

Octavian took the west & Antony, the east

Antony allied himself with the Egyptian queen Cleopatra VII Like Caesar before him, Antony had fallen in love with her

Antony allied himself with the Egyptian queen Cleopatra VII

Like Caesar before him, Antony had fallen in love with her

Mark Anthony

Cleopatra

Battle of Actium : Octavian’s forces smashed the army & the navy of Antony & Cleopatra Both committed suicide a year later

Battle of Actium : Octavian’s forces smashed the army & the navy of Antony & Cleopatra

Both committed suicide a year later

The Age of Augustus 27 B.C. Octavian became “ Augustus ” the revered one Maintained a huge army Becomes Golden Age of Literature - Virgil

27 B.C. Octavian became “ Augustus ” the revered one

Maintained a huge army

Becomes Golden Age of Literature - Virgil

Octavian

 

Emperors of the Early Empire Nero : had people killed if he wanted them out of the way - including his mother

Nero : had people killed if he wanted them out of the way - including his mother

Nero Roman legions revolted Nero committed suicide by stabbing himself in the throat

Video: The Horror of Nero’s Reign

Emperors of the Early Empire 5 good emperors: Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius & Marcus Aurelius

5 good emperors:

Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius & Marcus Aurelius

Pax Romana = Roman Peace 100 Years of Peace

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