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Information about rome

Published on January 14, 2008

Author: Teobaldo


Roman Technology:  Roman Technology Italia:  Italia Small Beginnings: Rome at 380 BC:  Small Beginnings: Rome at 380 BC Slide4:  Architecture Civil Engineering Transportation Mining Overview Slide5:  Architecture Large Buildings: The Colosseum Forum Romanum The Basilica The Pantheon Slide6:  ROME (Urbs) at the time of Trajan Slide7:  ROME (Urbs) map Slide8:  Roma: Colosseum Slide9:  Roma: Colosseum Slide10:  Colosseum: limestone facade, brick & concrete with marble facing; 3 orders were superimposed (Doric, Ionic, Corinthian) --structure: barrel vaults radiate from elliptical center, weight carried on travertine piers & vaults, marble only lower tiers, wood higher up --velarium: fabric canopy provided relief from sun Slide11:  Colosseum Design Slide12:  Roma: Colosseum Slide13:  Roma: Colosseum Interior Slide14:  Roma: Colosseum: Concrete Arch Slide15:  Colosseum: Brick Wall Bricks laid at an angle to hold stucco facing Slide16:  Rome: Forum Romanum Slide17:  Forum Romanum Slide18:  Forum Romanum Slide19:  Forum Romanum Slide20:  Temple of Vesta Slide21:  Forum: Reconstruction Slide22:  Forum Romanum Temple to the Divine Antoninus Pius and Empress Faustina on the Roman forum (141 AD, now S. Lorenzo in Miranda) Slide23:  The Palatine Hill View of the Palatine complex from the Forum, with the columns of the Temple of Vesta in the left foreground. Slide24:  Nero’s Domus Aurea (Golden House) The largest residence ever. It ranged from the Palatine hill to the Oppius Hill. Nero place a lake at the site of today’s colosseum. Slide25:  Domus Aurea Slide26:  Domus Aurea: Achilles in the Trojan War Slide27:  ROME: Pantheon Slide28:  ROME: Pantheon Portico Slide29:  ROME: Pantheon Hadrian (ruled 117-130 AD), adopted son and successor to Trajan, was called the Greekling by the Romans of his court because of his love of Hellenic language and culture. The Pantheon (118-128) now called S. Maria della Rotonda. Dedicated to the twelve Olympian gods, the present temple replaced two earlier ones; the first, built by Marcus Agrippa in , was destroyed in the great fire of 80 AD, was rebuilt by Domitian but burned again in 110 AD. The walls themselves were reinforced with hidden brick relieving arches. Rather than appearing as massive mural spaces, the walls were penetrated by alternating curved and square niches that act as piers to hold up the dome. Slide30:  This most famous of Roman buildings was the in-spiration for every domed structure built since, yet it has suffered greatly during the nearly two millenia since its construction. The original bronze rosettes of the coffered interior, the bronze sheets which clad the exterior of the dome, and the bronze beams of the portico were stripped in the seventeenth century at the command of the Barberini pope, Urban VIII. This pillaged material went into the Baldacchino structure of Bernini which stands over the high altar and tomb of St. Peter's. The interior of the Pantheon greets the visitor with an unexpected yet exhilarating explosion of space. Pantheon cont’d Slide32:  Basilica di San Pietro: Baldacchino Slide33:  Basilica di San Pietro: Baldacchino Slide34:  Basilica di San Pietro: View of the Dome Slide35:  To begin with, the height of the building from floor to ceiling is an incredible 142'. To this we can compare, for example, the height of the dome of St. Peter's (139') or the nave of Chartres Cathedral (140'). Unlike the aforementioned, the Pantheon was a completely free-standing building, and the first hemispherically domed structure. Its concrete drum, rising from a point beginning one-half the actual height of diameter of the building, circumscribes a complete sphere within its volume. Pantheon cont’d Slide36:  Pantheon Interior Slide37:  ROME: Pantheon Interior Slide38:  Pantheon Rome; 118 A.D.; interior, aedicule Slide39:  France: Interieur du Chateau d’Anet Slide40:  T. Jefferson, Lawn, Univ. of Virginia, Charlottesville; 1817-1826 Slide41:  Capitol Washington, DC Slide42:  The Basilica of Maxentius and Constantine The basilica originated as the Roman courts of law. One of the largest, known by the Romans as the Basilica Nova or New Basilica, was begun by Maxentius and completed by Constantine after his rival's defeat. The original building--a barrel vaulted central hall with windows adapted from the Roman bath-- was spectacularly decorated with mosaics, paintings, and sculpture which the plain brick-faced exterior belied. Slide43:  ROME: Constantin’s Basilica Slide44:  Rome Tabularium Slide45:  The Tabularium The Tabularium was built to house the public archives of the state, probably built after the fire of 83 BC (probably around 78) by Q. Lucius Lutatius Catullus. The arcaded open gallery was carved into the live tufa of the Capitoline Hill. Slide46:  Rome Palazzo Senatore Slide47:  Federal Building Slide48:  The Arch of Constantine Slide49:  The Arch of Constantine Erected in honor of Emperor Constantine, after battle to defeat Maxentius at the Milvian Bridge in 315 AD. Constructed of spolia stripped from earlier imperial monuments dedicated to Trajan (112) and Hadrian (128) Inscription: "Constantine overcame his enemies by divine inspiration" Slide50:  ROME: Mausoleum of Augustus, Reconstruction Slide51:  ROME: Mausoleum of Augustus Slide52:  The Mausoleum of Augustus, seen in the preceding image in a reconstruction, was begun in 28 BC, the year of Octavian's triumphs for his victories over Cleopatra and other foreign enemies, and the year before he was given the title of Augustus. It consisted of a series of rising concentric circles of concrete with stone or marble facing. Between the upper circles evergreen trees were planted. The circular burial chamber was in the center, and from it rose a column on which was set a bronze statue of Augustus. Two Egyptian obelisks stood at the entrance, near which (exactly where is unknown) were placed two bronze tablets inscribed with Augustus' Res Gestae. The diameter of the Mausoleum was about 88 meters and its height (excluding the statue) about 44 m. Around the Mausoleum was a public park containing trees and paths. Slide53:  Rome: Temple to the Divine Hadrian, dedicated in 145 AD, now the Borsa (Campus Martius). Slide54:  ROME: Teatro Marcello Augustan Architecture: Theater of Marcellus Slide55:  ROME: Teatro Marcello Augustan Architecture: Theater of Marcellus Slide56:  ROME: Trajan's Markets Slide57:  CONCRETE VAULTS, Trajan's Markets Slide58:  ROME: Avanzi del frontone del Portico d'Ottavia Slide59:  ROME: Porta S.Giovanni Slide60:  ROME: Castello e Ponte Sant’ Angelo Slide61:  ROME: Castello Sant’Angelo (Hadrian) Slide62:  ROME: Circus Maximus Slide63:  ROME: Circus Maximus Slide64:  Tivoli: Hadrian’s Villa Slide65:  Tivoli: Hadrian’s Theater Slide66:  Tivoli: Hadrian’s Theater Slide67:  Tivoli: Mosaic Floor Slide68:  Gallia Slide69:  Trier (Augusta Treverorum): Basilika Slide70:  Trier (Augusta Treverorum): Porta Nigra Slide71:  Trier: Roman Bridge

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