Published on March 4, 2014
Role of Private Universities in Legal Education
Presentation by Maj. Gen. Nilendra Kumar Director Amity Law School, AUUP, Noida
SCOPE Managerial concepts as applied to a Legal Education Provider in Private Sector.
The managerial techniques in the private law schools/colleges provide adequate data for an exhaustive study.
Applied Management denotes the applied application of one or more accepted management techniques.
Managerial expertise could be duly applied for a critical appraisal of legal education providers.
Importance of education is not to be over emphasized.
The gift of education is the greatest gift a human being can confer upon his fellowmen. Nani Palkhivala
PURPOSE OF EDUCATION Education has been called the technique of transmitting civilisation. In order that it may transmit civilisation, it has to perform two
major functions, it must enlighten the understanding; and it must enrich the character. Nani Palkhivala
IT MUST ENRICH THE CHARACTER so as to inculcate 1. Value system 2. Righteousness 3. Communication skills 4. Environmental sensitivity
Legal education is a special branch of learning.
LEGAL EDUCATION Legal education is the education of individuals who intend to become legal professionals or those who simply intend to use their law degree to some end, either related to law (such as politics or academic) or business, public service etc.
Need for empowerment of human beings individually and collectively.
FACTORS THAT HAVE ACCELERATED NEED FOR REFORMS IN LEGAL EDUCATION 1. Social & economic transformation. 2. Economic liberalisation. 3. Emergence of India as a dominant economic power.
4. Increasing foreign direct investment. 5. WTO. (To allow equal treatment to law persons from other jurisdictions). 6. Possibility of entry of foreign law firms.
Setting up of National Law Schools (started in 1986) was a sequel to disillusionment with traditional mode of law teaching.
Setting up of National Law Schools was a prelude to : 1. An expression about lack of satisfaction with archaic legal education. 2. Changes and innovation in legal education. 3. Growing interest of higher judiciary in legal education.
4. Entry of foreign qualified faculty. 5. Foundation laid by outstanding and visionary faculty.
Progress of national law schools and increase in their number led to demand for more law colleges.
Attempts have been made to assess the number of law professionals in future.
MARKET SURVEY ESTIMATION 6 million advocates 40,000 new law students graduating every year. SCOPE 40,000 lawyer positions equivalent to $ 4.3 billion in US wages will be outsourced by 2015.
Lack of capacity in government law colleges led to setting up of private law colleges.
PRIVATISATION implies transfer of government services or assets to the private sector.
Main features of Privatisation of Education 1. Greater flexibility in approach and policies. 2. Enhanced accountability of faculty and staff. 3. Operation as a profit centre.
4. 5. Necessity for competition Scope for innovation and fine tuning as regards contents of courses and pedagogy
ALL AREAS OF MANAGEMENT SPECIALISATION CAME INTO OPERATION IN LAW COLLEGES 1. 2. 3. 4. Human Resources Finance Marketing Production
Management of legal education is focused at the student
In other words, their production is STUDENT.
The challenge is Quality Management that would make a big difference.
SUGGESTED FOCUS AREAS 1. Intrinsic Value by upgraded academic injection. 2. Value Addition a) Innovative use of clinical legal education b) Teaching of foreign languages
c) Reliance on clinical legal education d) Enhancing leadership and organisational qualities among students by way of Convenor, Dy. Convenor, Class Representatives and School Captain etc.
CLINICAL LEGAL EDUCATION MODES 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Moots Legal Aid Clinics Internship Mock Trials Legal Writing
MANAGEMENT BY MONITORING AND EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION 1.Special attention to weak students under the mentor-mentee system. 2.Mentor role performed by the faculty helps in the effective guidance of the students.
Human Resources is represented by faculty and staff.
Engage experts and specialists as adjunct faculty.
Liberal use of visiting faculty
Utilize post graduate students for teaching practices.
There is no substitute for competent, hardworking and motivated faculty and staff.
MANAGEMENT BY MOTIVATION Faculty is motivated 1. To attend seminars and conferences. 2. Contribute at least one paper in each semester. 3. Participate in Faculty Development Programmes.
4. Encouraged to enroll for doctoral research/post doctoral study. 5. Non law faculty advised to acquire law degree. 6. Writing text books
Staff is motivated 1.To pursue higher studies 2.To enhance their knowledge 3.To be a part of important activities like placement, orientation and convocation etc.
FINANCE Law School managed as a profit centre
Activities like cultural events and competitions etc. are all expected to be self sustaining.
Cost of production (academics) plus profit.
1. 2. 3. 4. INCREASE REVENUE GENERATION Sponsorship Consultancy Introduce distance learning and elearning programmes Introduce special programmes, e.g. Legal Assistance Course or on new statutes.
Cost cutting 1. Single answer sheet 2. Online law journals 3. Re-use of paper and envelopes
INNOVATE Introduction of one year LLM programmes in emerging areas.
START NEW SPECIALISE POST GRADUATE PROGRAMMES 1. Media and Entertainment Laws 2. Sports Law 3. Military and Security Law 4. Corporate, Banking & Insurance Laws
5. Medical and Health Law 6. Law on Corporate Governance & Ethics 7. Aerospace and Air Transport Law 8. Tax Law 9. Sports Law
10. Energy Law 11. International Environmental Law 12. International Humanitarian Law 13. International Trade and Economic Law
14. Court Management 15. Real Estate and Construction Laws. Competition Law 16. Cyber Law 17. Human Rights and Humanitarian Law 18. Maritime Laws
19. Land Acquisition Laws 20. Legislative Drafting
MARKETING Students Recruiters (Placement) Politicians Counsels Corporate Law Judiciary Schools
CLAT ENTRANCE TEST Promote Law School to candidates and parents.
MANAGEMENT IN LAW SCHOOL 1. Amizone 2. Management by - Faculty - Staff - Students - University - Parents
3. External environment BCI Other law schools Corporates
Process of production implies dispensation of legal education
PRODUCTION Academic dispensation
Function Projects Academic Guest lecture Clinical legal education
INTRA COLEGE IT SYSTEM Management through an online system
Thus management techniques are to be applied in an imaginative and innovative manner.
I found that opportunity multiplied when they are seized, they die when they are neglected. I am not the type of man who complains of noise when opportunity knocks at the door. Nani Palkhiavla
Therefore, grab the opportunity to design and run innovative need based programmes.
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