Published on December 6, 2007
Science Olympiad: Science Olympiad A journey into the study of science! Not limited to the exceptional student!: Not limited to the exceptional student! The purpose is to introduce students to new areas of interest in science. Mission Statement: Mission Statement To promote and improve student interest in science and to improve the quality of k-12 science education throughout the nation. The Science Olympiad Vision: The Science Olympiad Vision To create a passion for learning science by supporting elementary and secondary Science Olympiad tournaments at building, district, county, state and national levels with an emphasis on teamwork and a commitment to excellence. The Science Olympiad Vision: The Science Olympiad Vision 2. To improve the quality of K-12 science education throughout the nation by changing the way science is perceived and the way it is taught (with an emphasis on problem solving and hands-on, minds-on constructivist learning practices). This goal is accomplished through in-depth core curriculum training workshops and the distribution of curriculum materials to thousand of teachers The Science Olympiad Vision: The Science Olympiad Vision 3. To celebrate and recognize the outstanding achievement of both students and teachers in the areas of science and technology by awarding thousand of certificates, medals, trophies and scholarships. 4. To promote partnerships among community, businesses, industry, government and education. Science OlympiadRocks & MineralsDivision B/C: Science Olympiad Rocks & Minerals Division B/C 2008 . Community Partnership!: Community Partnership! American Federation of Mineralogical Societies: A non-profit educational federation of seven similar regional organizations of gem, mineral and lapidary Societies. Founded in 1947. http://www.amfed.org/ Community Partnership!: Community Partnership! Local Rock, Mineral ans Gem Societies Community and Park Nature Centers Science Museums Contents: Contents Event description Topics Outline Coaching tips Making tests Putting together a team Test-taking strategies Resources EVENT DESCRIPTION: EVENT DESCRIPTION A team of up to 2 will demonstrate knowledge of rocks and minerals Writing implements, fingernails, hand lenses, and resources are allowed National Test format will be 20 stations, 100 questions HCl will not be used Samples will be taken from the official NSO list, unless otherwise noted EVENT TOPICS: EVENT TOPICS Specimen identification Rock Cycle see additional CD in package or See:http://www.deq.state.mi.us/documents/deq-ogs-gimdl-RCIM.ppt EVENT TOPICS: EVENT TOPICS Specimen identification Rock Cycle see additional CD in package or See:http://www.deq.state.mi.us/documents/deq-ogs-gimdl-RCIM.ppt Properties of minerals Mineral groups Economic importance Formation and properties of igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks Clues to past environments 2008 Official Science Olympiad Rock and Mineral List: 2008 Official Science Olympiad Rock and Mineral List Specimens must be taken from this list Exception: Tournament Directors may include up to five additional specimens important to their own state Teams must be notified six weeks before the tournament Note where Anthracite is on the official list. Rule Clarifications: Rule Clarifications Check the National Science Olympiad web site often for rule clarifications. http://www.soinc.org/events/clarify/index.htm#rocks Minerals: Minerals Similar to last year’s list Albite [Plagioclase] became Albite [Plagioclase Group] Feldspar [Orthoclase] became Feldspar [Orthoclase Group] Tourmaline became Tourmaline Group Quartz [Chert/Flint] became Chert in the Rocks list Rocks: Rocks Igneous rocks are unchanged Metamorphic rocks are unchanged Sedimentary rocks: Chert has been added Dolomite rock may also be called Dolostone Lignite has become Lignite Coal OUTLINE: OUTLINE Find what works for your group Look in texts, on internet, find syllabi from fellow teachers or online Make sure all of the topics are covered Minerals: Minerals Definition and Identification Organization Properties Origins Economic uses Mineral Properties: Mineral Properties Color Hardness Streak. Cleavage Fracture Luster Crystal Form Economic Importance Electrical Conductivity Heat Conductivity Mineral Groups Division C only Chemical Formula Bowen’s Reaction Series Rocks: Rocks Definition and Identification Rock cycle Igneous rocks Sedimentary rocks Metamorphic rocks Past environment conditions Economic uses COACHING TIPS: COACHING TIPS Practice! A lot! Weekly quizzes Arranging specimens Charts Diagrams Binders Resources Mnemonic aids Slide25: National Div. B Test 20 Stations in covered boxes A-T Time the boxes are open is controlled Letters on top of the boxes: Letters on top of the boxes Movement ascending the alphabet A-T then T-A Slide27: Questions & Answers are Found in the box tops Slide28: Samples are found in and around the boxes Answers are recorded on an Answer Sheet: Answers are recorded on an Answer Sheet 1. A B C D 50. A B C D 2. A B C D 51. A B C D 3. A B C D 52 A B C D 4. A B C D 53 A B C D 5. A B C D 54 A B C D 6 A B C D 55. A B C D Practicing: Practicing Give lots of quizzes – even if they’re only 5 samples! Have kids make quizzes Use flash cards Have samples available at every practice and whenever kids want to study (study hall?) Have kids quiz each other and ask associated questions Play pictionary, hangman, charades, anything Weekly Quizzes: Weekly Quizzes Start easy Azurite, biotite, calcite, copper, galena, graphite, malachite, pyrite, sodalite, sulphur, granite, pumice, conglomerate, lignite coal, fossiliferous limestone. End hard Albite, apatite, aragonite, beryl, bornite, calcite, celestite, dolomite, alabaster gypsum, halite, onyx quartz, milky quartz, tremolite, quartzite, marble. Arranging Specimens: Arranging Specimens By hardness By metamorphic grade By sedimentary grade In groups By composition By crystal structure By origin By economic use Charts: Charts Have the team make charts for anything you or they can think of! Physical properties, origins, economic uses, etc. Excel is good for these Combine charts Color code Laminate Diagrams: Diagrams Igneous features Batholiths, dikes, sills, etc. Metamorphic features regional vs. contact metamorphism temperature/pressure graph Sedimentary features large scale – formations, strata small scale – cross bedding, ripple marks, etc. Slide35: Cross Bedding Slide36: Ripple Marks Reference Material(RECORDING THE JOURNEY): Reference Material (RECORDING THE JOURNEY) One three ring binder of any size filled with handwritten, computer generated and/or purchased materials plus one additional book Have students make his/her own They must be familiar with it and be speedy Organization is key Have Reference checks and quizzes RESOURCES: RESOURCES A guidebook with which the students have practiced Text of your choice Additional miscellaneous resources Rock and Mineral list, colored and laminated Periodic table (Div. C) Charts and diagrams Mnemonics: Mnemonics Lists: Common crustal elements by weight: O Si Al Fe Ca Na K Mg Sentences: Mohs Hardness Scale – “Two Girls Came From Alaska Feeling Quite Troubled” Root words: Albite -- Albino MAKING TESTS: MAKING TESTS Choose specimens that have typical characteristics Put one or more specimens per station Pair supplemental questions with specimens Provide information if necessary (HCl, hardness, etc.) Provide equipment if necessary (hand lens, magnet, etc.) Label so specimens can’t be mixed up! MAKING TESTS CONT.: MAKING TESTS CONT. Try to cover all topics reasonably evenly Work out the traffic pattern and label it Indicate tiebreakers, but include them in the regular score Optional – include a section students can work on without being at a station Clearly convey expectations at beginning of test Sample Tests: Sample Tests 2007 Test Packet Edition Exercises from 2006 tournaments Div. B Item: TB7 $18.00 ea. Div. C Item: TC7 $18.00 ea. Science Olympiad 2 Trans Am Plaza Drive Suite 415, Oakbrook Terrace, Illinois 60181 Tel: 630-792-1251, FAX: 630-792-1287 More Sample Tests: More Sample Tests http://www.tufts.edu/as/wright_center/products/sci_olympiad/sci_olympiad.html http://regentsprep.org/Regents/earthsci/units/rocks/rocks.cfm http://regentsprep.org/Regents/earthsci/units/rocks/minerals.cfm http://bcs.wiley.com/he-bcs/Books?action=chapter&bcsId=2757&itemId=0471697435&chapterId=21544 Supervisor’s Objectives DIV.B: Supervisor’s Objectives DIV.B Create a 100 question test with 70% of the questions simple and easy to answer. Have time a factor so that we test how well the material is known. Cover the basic concepts of geology. Stay away from obscure concepts Have the students feel that for all their work they learned some geology. Supervisor’s Objectives DIV.C: Supervisor’s Objectives DIV.C 33%- rock & mineral I.D. 67%- questions about the processes that relate to the formation, use, habitat, crystal form, composition, etc. of rocks and minerals Upper school students should know these (what I call) freshman minerals backwards and forward. They should ID 80% of these minerals almost immediately. So I focus on “cause and effect” of the rock and mineral world. Old tests are an excellent resource. PUTTING TOGETHER A TEAM: PUTTING TOGETHER A TEAM Have more than 2 students per team practicing Pair your strengths (both identification and concepts) Have students practice together Choose which resources will be used Be sure the students will support each other Both students should contribute If one is more dominant in the event, he/she should be a mentor, not just take over TEST-TAKING STRATEGIES: TEST-TAKING STRATEGIES Know the event! (rules and format) Know the subject! (concepts and identification skills) Talk quietly (the competition may be listening) Don’t mix up the specimens Don’t leave your resources behind Don’t panic if a station is left unfinished Take notes and try to finish while at another station RESOURCES: RESOURCES ROCK, MINERAL & FOSSIL GUIDE Has lessons on identification with flow charts to help students understand the properties of sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic rocks and minerals. Item: RM $16.00 ea. Science Olympiad 2 Trans Am Plaza Drive, Suite 415 Oakbrook Terrace, Illinois 60181 Tel: 630-792-1251, FAX: 630-792-1287 RESOURCES: RESOURCES Rock & Mineral Guides Try several to see what the students like Suggestions National Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Rocks and Minerals ISBN 0-394-50269-8 Smithsonian Handbooks: Rocks & Minerals by Chris Pellant (also called Eyewitness Handbook or DK) ISBN 1-56458-061-x A Field Guide to Rocks and Minerals by Frederick H. Pough (Peterson Field Guides) ISBN 9780395910962 or 039591096X RESOURCES : RESOURCES Text Aim for high school or freshman college level Suggestions Putnam’s Geology by Birkeland & Larson ISBN 0195055179 The Earth Through Time by Harold Levin ISBN 0-7216-5735-4 Earth by Press & Siever ISBN 0-7167-1743-3 Exercises in Physical Geology by Hamblin & Howard ISBN 013144770x Manual of Mineralogy by Hurlbut & Klein (advanced level) ISBN 0-471-80580-7 RESOURCES: RESOURCES Other suggestions Quick Study BarChart: Rocks & Minerals ISBN 157222561-0 Periodic Table laminated 2008 NSO Rocks & Minerals list laminated Geologic map of your state Don’t forget the websites at http://www.sonic.org/events/rocksnmin/index.htm RESOURCES: RESOURCES Places to find samples to study: High school geology classes Local colleges or universities (geology or education departments) Local rockhound societies or individuals State Geological Surveys Swap sets with other schools to vary samples Rock and Mineral Samples: Rock and Mineral Samples Earth Science Educator’s Supply P.O. Box 503, Lee's Summit, MO 64063 (No Credit Cards or Phone Orders-PH 816-524-5635; FAX 816-525-4263) item OLY01 at $79.00. Price quoted includes shipping and handling. Slide54: Earth Science Educators Supply ADDITIONAL Sets C1 Cleavage Set FR1 Fracture Set L1 Luster Set STS1 Streak Test Set SPS1 Special Properties Set OR1 Ores of Metals Set EM1 Economic Mineral Set Sample Tests with Rocks: Sample Tests with Rocks http://www.otherworlds-edu.com/prod03.htm The Game of EARTH Pictorial Guide to Minerals 2007 Rocks and Minerals Exam. 12-Station Rock Kit. 56 Piece Deluxe Mineral Kit SUMMARY: SUMMARY Assemble and get to know the resources Practice identification Assemble teams that can work together Keep a sense of humor Have FUN! Rock and Roll !!! Best Luck to all. Slide58: Bowen determined that specific minerals form at specific temperatures as a magma cools. At the higher temperatures associated with mafic and intermediate magmas, the general progression can be separated into two branches. The continuous branch describes the evolution of the plagioclase feldspars as they evolve from being calcium-rich to more sodium rich. The discontinuous branch describes the formation of the mafic minerals olivine, pyroxene, amphibole, and biotite mica.