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ROC

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Information about ROC
Education

Published on February 29, 2008

Author: Nellwyn

Source: authorstream.com

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Slide1:  COUNTRY PAPER The Energy Situation in R.O.C. Kao, Shu-Fang Bureau of Energy Ministry of Economic Affairs December 2006 06-EV-GE-WSP-13-A Workshop on Utilization of Biomass for Renewable Energy (Kathmandu, Nepal, 11-15 December 2006) Slide2:  Background Energy Policy Promotion of Renewable Energy Case Study on Biofuels Conclusion Contents Slide3:  Rapid Economic Development Taiwan Land area : 36,000 km2 Population : 23 millions Population density : 628 per km2 From 1985 to 2005: GDP rose from US$99 billion to US$346.4 billion, with average annual growth rate of 6.3%. Per capita GNP increased from US$3,368 to US$15,690, with average annual growth rate of 8%. Now 74% of GDP is from service sectors. I. Background Slide4:  Taiwan is not rich in fossil energy resources, more than 98% of total energy supply is imported Imported crude oil is the major portion of energy supply, and 82.7% of crude oil is from the Middle East During 1985~2005, average annual growth rate of energy supply is 6.3% Dependence of imported energy: 88.7% 95.8% 98.1% Energy Supply 11.0% 2.8% 5.7% 54.3% 26.2% 18.1% 4.4% 3.4% 52.4% 21.7% 7.3% 1.5% 8.0% 51.3% 31.9% Slide5:  Structure of Energy Consumption (by Sector) The shares of energy consumption in commercial and residential sectors increase over time During 1985~2005, average annual growth rate of energy consumption is 5.9% 1985 1995 2005 1.6% 6.5% 2.5% 11.7% 3.5% 50.6% 13.8% 9.8% 1.9% 6.2% 5.2% 12.4% 2.2% 46.6% 18.5% 7.0% 1.7% 6.3% 6.2% 12.3% 1.5% 50.0% 15.3% 6.7% Slide6:  In order to maintain a stable electricity supply, Taiwan has promoted the opening of the market to IPPs (Independent Power Producers) since 1995. During 1985~2005 average annual growth rate in total installed capacity is 5.0% Ratio of reserved capacity : 55.1% 4.7 % 16.3 % 16.3% 16.8% 20.0% 8.4% 16.2% 11.9% 10.4% 9.0% 24.5% 22.6% 5.1% 21.4% 17.4% 24,066 MW 43,146MW Installed Capacity of Power Generation 16,169 MW 1.2% 18.9% 32.7% 31.8% 15.4% Slide7:  II. Energy Policy 1.Intensification of integrated energy planning. 2.Promotion of diversification of primary energy. 3.Construction of energy infrastructure. 4.Maintenance of proper energy security stockpile. 5.Promotion of exploration in energy resources. Increasing Energy Efficiency Enhancing Energy Safety and Environmental Protection Stabilizing Energy Supply Reinforcing Energy Research and Development Promoting Energy Education and Dissemination Policy guidelines Policy contents Deregulating Energy Enterprises Free, Orderly, Efficient, and Clean energy demand and supply system Master goal 1.Promotion of energy education in schools, industry and to the public. 2.Training professional personnel. 1.Enhancement of energy safety. 2.Active introduction of clean energy. 3.Promotion of high-efficiency and low pollution equipment and technologies. 4.Formulation of appropriate strategies to cope with the development of international environ-mental protection. 1.Promotion of R&D in energy conservation technologies. 2.Promoting the application of new and renewable energies. 3.Strengthening international cooperation. 1.Revision of related laws and regulations. 2.Establishment of a fair and competitive environment. 3.Promotion of the liberalization and privatization of energy enterprises. 1.Enhancement of energy productivity. 2.Stress on energy conservation. 3.Laissez faire determination of market mechanism. 4.Reasonable reflection of social cost in energy prices. Change in Energy Situation Trend in Deregulating Energy Enterprises Pressure in Environmental Protection Energy Policy Current Energy Policy Structure (revised in 1996) Back- ground Slide8:  Kyoto Protocol in Effect (1) The pressure of GHG emission reduction is going to impose upon global energy and industry structure. (2) Facing the greenhouse gases reduction pressure under the Kyoto Protocol implementation, it is urgent to integrate a most beneficial development goal among the related environmental, industrial, and energy policies. (3) Respond positively to mitigate global warming and promote “no-regret” policies and measures, various policy goals have to be further integrated.   Slide9:  New Prospects in Energy Policy --- (after National Energy Conference in 2005) Slide10:  III. Promotion of Renewable Energy Renewable Energy shall contribute 10%, in terms of installed capacity by 2010. Slide11:  (1) Wind Power ․ Current Status: 23.9MW ․ Targets: 2,159 MW by 2010 ․ Strategies:  Remove obstacles for projects in progress.  Locate potential wind sites.  Review incentive measures for enhancing the development of wind energy. Mailiao: 2.64 MW Chungtun: 2.4 MW Chupei: 3.5 MW Strategies of Renewable Energy Promotion Slide12:  (2)Solar Photovoltaic Systems ․ Current Status: 1.01MW ․ Targets: 21 MW by 2010. ․ Strategies:  Promote demonstration projects such as the Solar City, and encourage development at public buildings.  Establish solar PV systems in remote areas  Develop PV industries. Presidential Hall: 10.5kW • Annual generation:1,100 kWh/kW Southern Taiwan U. of Tech: 10 kW • Annual generation: 1,300kWh/kW Penghu County Hall: 3 kW • Annual generation: 1,200kWh/kW A household: 4.2 kW • Annual generation: 1,100 kWh/kW Slide13:  (3) Solar Thermal Water Heater Systems ․ Current Status: The installed area of heat collectors has reached 1.47 million m2, the installed household number has reached to 360 thousand, and the ratio of installed household is up to 4.27%. ․ Targets: Total installation area of 2.15 million m2 (estimated about 540 thousand Installed households) by 2010. ․ Strategies: Extend the incentive to building integrated and large-scale applications. Diwan College , Tainan County Solar Thermal Water Heater System Installation area: 307.5m2 (for 450 students) Hualien College, Hualien County Solar Thermal Water Heater System Installation area: 77m2 (for 115 students) Slide14:  (4) Biomass  Current Status: 561.7MW  Targets: 741 MW by 2010.  Strategies:  Promote district RDF systems for waste treatment and power generation.  Arrange for the sale of biogas power at a premium rate.  Assist private enterprises in establishing power plants fueled by agricultural wastes, such as rice husks.  Promote RDF systems fueled by industrial wastes for power generation. RDF demon plant in Hualien BOE Project, Tech. developed by ITRI Biogas power plant, Municipal waste landfill, Taipei Slide15:  (5) Bio-diesel  Current Status: 3,000 KL (kiloliters) yielded from waste cooking oil in 2005  Targets: 100 thousand KL (B2 in all stations) by 2010.  Strategies:  Develop production technology for commercialization.  Establish Green County Demonstration Program and promotion of B1-B2 supplied in all filling station by 2010. 3,000 kl/yr Bio-diesel demo plant in Chiayi BOE Project, Tech. developed by ITRI Road-test of bio-diesel truck in Taipei city Slide16:  (6) Hydropower ․ Current status : 1,911 MW ․ Targets: 2,168MW by 2010 ․ Strategies:  Promote 5 hydropower generation projects by Taipower Company, with total installed capacity of 171MW.  Promote 6 hydropower generation projects by private sectors, with total installed capacity of 72 MW.  Provide private sector the information for small hydro power generation where impact on ecology is minimal. Slide17:  (7) Geothermal Energy ․ Current Status: A BOT project at Qing-Shui will be developed that aims at the integration of geothermal energy usage with recreational facilities. ․ Targets: 50 MW by 2010. ․ Strategies:  Assist local governments in exploring geothermal energy.  Facilitate the development of geothermal projects with local governments in finance and technology. Slide18:  Incentives for Renewable Energies Slide19:  Benefits for Using Biofuels in Taiwan IV. Case Study on Biofuels Slide20:  Bureau of Energy First demonstration biodiesel plant (capacity:3,000 KL/year) Road-test using biodiesel produced from demonstration plant Environmental Protection Administration 3-year Promotion and Subvention Program for Biodiesel in public garbage trucks Total 1,300 KL biodiesel applied in 788 trucks in 2005 Council of Agriculture Program for testing of energy crop planting since 2005 (90 hectares overall) Rapeseed, sunflower and soybean as candidates for planting program To expand the planting area to 2,000 hectares in 2006 and 20,000 hectares in 2008 Achievements Slide21:  Approach for Promoting Biodiesel Preliminary Subvention Program (2006.11-2007.12) Public transportation buses fueled by B5 in a selected area The difference in purchase price between biodiesel and fossil diesel is subsidized by the government Green County Demo Program (2007.1-2008.6) All diesel vehicles are fueled B1 in the demo county The difference in purchase price is subsidized B1 Program (2008.1- ) All diesel blends biodiesel by 1vol% (~50,000 kl biodiesel) Approach for Promoting Bioethanol Government Vehicles Demo Program (2007.9-2008.12) Government Vehicles in Taipei are fueled E3 bioethanol (~12 stations) E3 Demo Program in Taipei and Kaohsiung (2009.1-2010.12) Most gas stations in Taipei and Kaohsiung provide E3 (186 stations) E3 Program (2011.1- ) Most gas stations provide E3 (2,500 stations) Slide22:  In light of current and future environmental commitments, there is a consensus that the promotion of renewable energy is regarded as a no-regret energy policy. Taiwan will increase the use of renewable energy in an attempt to achieve a wide range of policy goals such as energy security, environmental protection, and industry development. V. Concluding Remarks Slide23:  Thank You For Your Attention Mount Ali (2,480 meters) is famous for its small tourist train, beautiful sunrise, sea of clouds, and spring cherry blossoms. This photo is of an impressive sunset. (Photo by Larry Hsieh)

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