Published on April 27, 2014
Why Robots and Drones are the future of Google? By: Ahmed Banafa, Distinguished Tenured Staff | Faculty | SME | E-Learning Expert | Four-time winner of instructor of the year award Robots vs. Drones Drone: An unmanned aircraft or ship that can navigate autonomously, without human control or beyond line of sight. Drone is commonly known as Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV). It is an aircraft without a human pilot on board. The vehicle is controlled automatically by computers, or it can also be operated by remote control. The use of drones has grown quickly in recent years because unlike manned aircraft they can stay aloft for many hours. They are much cheaper; and are flown remotely so there is no danger to the flight crew. Origin of the word : Old English drān, drǣn 'male bee', from a West Germanic verb meaning 'resound, boom'; related to Dutch dreunen 'to drone', German dröhnen 'to roar', and Swedish dröna 'to drowse'.
Types • Combat drones • Advanced Drones • Controlling Drones Uses • Remote sensing • Commercial aerial surveillance • Domestic policing • Oil, gas and mineral exploration and production • Transport of materials • Scientific research • Armed attacks • Aerial target practice in training of human pilots • Search and rescue • Conversation • Maritime patrol • Forest fire detection • Archaeology Robot: A machine that resembles a human and does mechanical, routine tasks on command.It is an electro-mechanical machine that is directed by a computer program or electronic circuitry. Robot is basically a system that contains sensors, control systems, manipulators, power supplies and software all working together to perform a task. Origin of the word : From Czech, from robota 'forced labour'. The term was coined in K. Capek's play R.U.R. 'Rossum's Universal Robots' in 1920. Types Mobile robots Industrial robots Service robot Modular robot Military robot Collaborative robot Uses General-purpose autonomous robots Factory robots Dirty, dangerous, dull or inaccessible tasks Military robots Mining robots
Schools Healthcare Research robots Why drones are the future? Google is in its third phase. It's already mastered search and advertising, which were core desktop activities in the mid-2000s. Mobile came next, with its Android platform.Both of those have given Google a massive audience. In order to keep growing, Google needs more people. This is a practical problem for the company: There is only one place that hundreds of millions of untapped users exist: offline.Two- thirds of the world's population does not yet have Internet access. That means Google isn't yet reaching roughly 4.6 billion people. In order to reach these people, Google needs the entire world to have Internet access. (Facebook has also recently woke up to this third phase, with CEO Mark Zuckerberg's Internet.org project which has much the same goals.)Google has already announced Project Loon to bring Internet access to parts of the world without it, and offers Google Fiber for high-speed access. With drones, the company could bring Internet access to millions of people.One step to achieve this goal was clear when Google this year bought drone company Titan Aerospace - a New Mexico- based company that makes high-flying solar powered drones - it's one of Google's latest "moonshot" acquisitions. Why robots are the future? With robots, Google is betting on the future in a different way. Given Google's obsession with knowledge and organizing information, we could see Google beefing up its search offerings with artificial intelligence from Boston Dynamics, which is a leading provider of human simulation software. Its robots need to react independently to their environment — and perfecting that type of machine-learning is widely regarded as the key to the next phase of tech. Google recently bought DeepMind, an artificial intelligence company that helps computers learn and operate like humans. Even though Google search is already incredibly solid, Google likely wants to use AI to improve its efficiency and the quality of data gathered. Other companies acquired by Google include Industrial Perception, an American start-up that has developed digital eyes and robot arms for use in loading lorries, Holomni, which produces caster wheels that can rapidly swivel in any direction, and Japan's Schaft, whose robots generate as much power as a human and have mastered stable biped walking to cope with uneven ground (they can even retain their balance against the force of a human kick). Sources say plans are to develop machines that can be used for a range of activities, from manufacturing small electronics like smartphones – still mostly assembled by hand – to packing goods in warehouses and ultimately making home deliveries.
Noel Sharkey, emeritus professor of artificial intelligence at the University of Sheffield, said: "This is a very exciting development at Google. The robotics community is waiting with bated breath to find out what is being planned. Clearly, given the companies that have been acquired this is going to be research on the development of humanoid robots. "People should not be worried that [the robots] will be super intelligent. It is more likely they are going to develop these for domestic purposes such as assistance in elder care or perhaps for bar work or as receptionists. We can only speculate. But with the kind of money that Google can throw into a project like this, it is likely to be astonishing." So while the drones and robots may seem like something from a movie — they're really strategic bets that will take years or decades to pay off. Yet they're also both crucial if Google is to continue growing. The drones will find new users and get them online. The robots will make it easier for new users to understand the web once they get there. References http://www.differencebetween.info/difference-between-drone-and-robot http://www.mercurynews.com/business/ci_25299001/google-x-secret-lab-moonshot-research http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2013/dec/04/google-robots-amazon-drones-android- droids http://www.businessinsider.com/google-making-bets-on-drones-and-robots-2014- 4#ixzz2zHH6j74d http://www.businessinsider.com/google-ceo-larry-page-change-the-world-2014- 3#ixzz2zHHLyNpK
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