Rise of Fascism

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Information about Rise of Fascism

Published on February 17, 2014

Author: marinaprc

Source: slideshare.net

 An answer to difficult times  Post-war period  Hunger  Majority of working force deceased  War debt  Unfair post-war treaty  Unemployment  Resentment  Great Depression  Rampaging Inflation

 Fascism  Extreme right party  Against communism  Extreme nationalism  Loyalty to the State and  Leader  Militarism  Discipline  Dictatorship  Censorship  The individual is a disease  Conservatism  Support from the Catholic Church

 The Fall of Liberalism  In the inter-war period many countries abandon Democracy  In Europe only the UK, Finland, Ireland, Sweden and Swiss remained minimally liberal  In America only Canada, Colombia, Costa Rica, the US and Uruguai  In 1944, only 12 out of the 65 free countries were constitutional democracies elected by popular vote

 “Democracy is beautiful in theory, in reality it is a falacy”

 Born on July, 29 1883  In Dovia di Predappio  Son of Alessandro Mussolini A socialist with anarchist inclinations

 Mussolini went to WW I  For a communist it was betrail!  He saw an opportunity to overthrow the monarchy  Expelled from the Party

 The Fascist Party  Was founded by Mussolini in 1921 out of a paramilitary organization from 1919  "Socialism as a doctrine was already dead; it continued to exist only as a grudge”  The Party gets more power  As the economic situation of Italy worsens, his ideas gain popularity  The Brown Shirts  200 members

 March on Rome  30.000 fascists march on Rome  They demand the king Victor Emanuel III name Mussolini as Prime Minister  Mussolini gets support  Military, bourgeoisie, big proprietors e right wing liberals  Mussolini was against Communists, strikes, workers rights and any type of social agitation

 Il Duce as a Prime Minister  Forbade all other political parties  Arrested or assassinated his opponents Gave control over the economy to the big proprietors  Imposed censorship  Outlawed strikes

 and met Hitler

 “Jews may be a race, but they are certainly not human.”

 Economy in shreds  1 dolar was worth 4.2 million marks  Treaty of Versailles  Huge Debt  Military Restrictions

 Nazism  Ultra- Nacionalism  Xenophobia  Persecution of jews, gypsy, blacks, impaired, homossexuals, Jeova witnesses, priests, communists, anyone with different political ideas  Extreme right party  Militarism  Discipline  Dictatorship  Censorship  Conservatism

 Basic principles of the Nazi State  Aryan Superiority  Pure and superior to others  Destined to rule  Anti-semitism  Persecution to jews  Blamed for everything going wrong in Germany  Vital Space (Lebensraun)  It was necessary to conquer all the Old Germania for the aryan ascension

 Born on April, 20 of 1889  In Salzburg, Áustria  Son of Alois e Klara Hitler  The forth son  Alois e Klara had 5 children, only 3 of which survived until adulthood

 Violent relationship with his father  Alois was abusive with all the family  Difficulties in school  He studied in a very strict school  Little Hitler didn’t do well there  Especially after the passing of his brother  measles  Financial trouble  Alois died in 1903

 Life in Linz  Relations between jews and his family were relatively friendly  Anti-semitism  “There were few Jews in Linz. In the course of centuries their outward appearance had become Europeanized and had taken on a human look; in fact, I even took them for Germans. The absurdity of this idea did not dawn on me because I saw no distinguishing feature but the strange religion. The fact that they had, as I believed, been persecuted on this account sometimes almost turned my distaste at unfavorable remarks about them into horror. Thus far I did not so much as suspect the existence of an organized opposition to the Jews. Then I came to Vienna.”

 “Once, as I was strolling through the Inner City, I suddenly encountered an apparition in a black caftan and black hair locks. Is this a Jew? was my first thought. For, to be sure, they had not looked like that in Linz. I observed the man furtively and cautiously, but the longer I stared at this foreign face, scrutinizing feature for feature, the more my first question assumed a new form: Is this a German?”

 Soldier in WW1  Austrian citizen  Joined the bavarian army  Mixed force (austrian and german)  Medals  2 Iron Crosses  Bravery  Wounded badge  Wounded  Injured by a granade  In his groin (officialy his thigh)  Temporarily blind  Mustard gas  Armistice  Hated the Weimar Republic with his guts

 Women’s rights  Women were theoretically equal in the Nazi State  There were specific medals for women  Sober  Didin’t drink  Didn’t smoke  Vegetarian  Animal welfare  Addicted to methanfetamina  It wasn’t considered na illegal drug at the time  Believed in astrology  Sagitarian Batallion

 Eva Braum  Blondi

 Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei  In 1919, Hitler becomes a member  In the beginning, a spy from the army Later, he becomes the artist of the party, with the job to draw the Nazi flag.

 Great public speaker  Hitler was a stutterer in childhood  Strange accent  He was very short!  Speeches  Hitler gained notoriety for his Controversial speeches against the Treaty of Versailles, polititians, and especially communists and jews

 Beer Hall Putsch  8 of November 1923 in Munich  Hitler and the Nazi party invaded a meeting of political adversaries in a Beer hall  Announced the end of the government!  Next day, they marched on Munich  Like the fascists  They were all either caught of killed

 Hitler was arrested for treason  He got 5 years in prison  He was well treated    He had visits of followers and jornalists Became famous! Turned out to spend only one year in prison

 Mein Kampf  While in jail, Hitler wrote the first book of his autobiography  The original title read: Four and a Half Years of Struggle against Lies, Stupidity, and Cowardice  Autobiography and exposition of his ideology  It sold 228.000 copies between 1925 e 1932  1 million copies in 1933, his first year in office

 Ascension to power  Great Depression  The impact on the already battered up Economy of the Weimar Republic was terrrible  The Nazi Party had now support from the masses  They promised to reject the Treaty of Versailles, strenghten the economy and create jobs  And did so!

 Ascension to Power  Named Chancelor  Prime Minister  The ineffective government of the Weimar Republic under Von Hindenburg shifted the support of the elite toward Hitler  President Von Hindenburg dies  August 1934  Probably assassinated  Führer  A mix of president and chancelor  They held a plebiscite in which 90% voted yes  Fraud?

 Dictatorship begins  Supression of all political parties  Syndicates were banned  Leaders are arrested or murdered

 “At the risk of appearing to talk nonsense I tell you that the National Socialist movement will go on for 1,000 years! ... Don't forget how people laughed at me 15 years ago when I declared that one day I would govern Germany. They laugh now, just as foolishly, when I declare that I shall remain in power!”

 Third Reich  Economy and war effort  Strengthening the Armed forces  Where did the money come from?  From everything that they took from the jews!  Infrastructure paid for by the  State  Unemployment dropped from 6 Million in 1932 to 1 million in 1936

 Third Reich  War alliances  Anti-Comintern Pact  Anti-communist  Germany + Japan + Italy  1937  Hitler starts to occupy territory  Lebensraun  Remilitarization of demilitarized areas

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