Published on February 17, 2014
An answer to difficult times Post-war period Hunger Majority of working force deceased War debt Unfair post-war treaty Unemployment Resentment Great Depression Rampaging Inflation
Fascism Extreme right party Against communism Extreme nationalism Loyalty to the State and Leader Militarism Discipline Dictatorship Censorship The individual is a disease Conservatism Support from the Catholic Church
The Fall of Liberalism In the inter-war period many countries abandon Democracy In Europe only the UK, Finland, Ireland, Sweden and Swiss remained minimally liberal In America only Canada, Colombia, Costa Rica, the US and Uruguai In 1944, only 12 out of the 65 free countries were constitutional democracies elected by popular vote
“Democracy is beautiful in theory, in reality it is a falacy”
Born on July, 29 1883 In Dovia di Predappio Son of Alessandro Mussolini A socialist with anarchist inclinations
Mussolini went to WW I For a communist it was betrail! He saw an opportunity to overthrow the monarchy Expelled from the Party
The Fascist Party Was founded by Mussolini in 1921 out of a paramilitary organization from 1919 "Socialism as a doctrine was already dead; it continued to exist only as a grudge” The Party gets more power As the economic situation of Italy worsens, his ideas gain popularity The Brown Shirts 200 members
March on Rome 30.000 fascists march on Rome They demand the king Victor Emanuel III name Mussolini as Prime Minister Mussolini gets support Military, bourgeoisie, big proprietors e right wing liberals Mussolini was against Communists, strikes, workers rights and any type of social agitation
Il Duce as a Prime Minister Forbade all other political parties Arrested or assassinated his opponents Gave control over the economy to the big proprietors Imposed censorship Outlawed strikes
and met Hitler
“Jews may be a race, but they are certainly not human.”
Economy in shreds 1 dolar was worth 4.2 million marks Treaty of Versailles Huge Debt Military Restrictions
Nazism Ultra- Nacionalism Xenophobia Persecution of jews, gypsy, blacks, impaired, homossexuals, Jeova witnesses, priests, communists, anyone with different political ideas Extreme right party Militarism Discipline Dictatorship Censorship Conservatism
Basic principles of the Nazi State Aryan Superiority Pure and superior to others Destined to rule Anti-semitism Persecution to jews Blamed for everything going wrong in Germany Vital Space (Lebensraun) It was necessary to conquer all the Old Germania for the aryan ascension
Born on April, 20 of 1889 In Salzburg, Áustria Son of Alois e Klara Hitler The forth son Alois e Klara had 5 children, only 3 of which survived until adulthood
Violent relationship with his father Alois was abusive with all the family Difficulties in school He studied in a very strict school Little Hitler didn’t do well there Especially after the passing of his brother measles Financial trouble Alois died in 1903
Life in Linz Relations between jews and his family were relatively friendly Anti-semitism “There were few Jews in Linz. In the course of centuries their outward appearance had become Europeanized and had taken on a human look; in fact, I even took them for Germans. The absurdity of this idea did not dawn on me because I saw no distinguishing feature but the strange religion. The fact that they had, as I believed, been persecuted on this account sometimes almost turned my distaste at unfavorable remarks about them into horror. Thus far I did not so much as suspect the existence of an organized opposition to the Jews. Then I came to Vienna.”
“Once, as I was strolling through the Inner City, I suddenly encountered an apparition in a black caftan and black hair locks. Is this a Jew? was my first thought. For, to be sure, they had not looked like that in Linz. I observed the man furtively and cautiously, but the longer I stared at this foreign face, scrutinizing feature for feature, the more my first question assumed a new form: Is this a German?”
Soldier in WW1 Austrian citizen Joined the bavarian army Mixed force (austrian and german) Medals 2 Iron Crosses Bravery Wounded badge Wounded Injured by a granade In his groin (officialy his thigh) Temporarily blind Mustard gas Armistice Hated the Weimar Republic with his guts
Women’s rights Women were theoretically equal in the Nazi State There were specific medals for women Sober Didin’t drink Didn’t smoke Vegetarian Animal welfare Addicted to methanfetamina It wasn’t considered na illegal drug at the time Believed in astrology Sagitarian Batallion
Eva Braum Blondi
Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei In 1919, Hitler becomes a member In the beginning, a spy from the army Later, he becomes the artist of the party, with the job to draw the Nazi flag.
Great public speaker Hitler was a stutterer in childhood Strange accent He was very short! Speeches Hitler gained notoriety for his Controversial speeches against the Treaty of Versailles, polititians, and especially communists and jews
Beer Hall Putsch 8 of November 1923 in Munich Hitler and the Nazi party invaded a meeting of political adversaries in a Beer hall Announced the end of the government! Next day, they marched on Munich Like the fascists They were all either caught of killed
Hitler was arrested for treason He got 5 years in prison He was well treated He had visits of followers and jornalists Became famous! Turned out to spend only one year in prison
Mein Kampf While in jail, Hitler wrote the first book of his autobiography The original title read: Four and a Half Years of Struggle against Lies, Stupidity, and Cowardice Autobiography and exposition of his ideology It sold 228.000 copies between 1925 e 1932 1 million copies in 1933, his first year in office
Ascension to power Great Depression The impact on the already battered up Economy of the Weimar Republic was terrrible The Nazi Party had now support from the masses They promised to reject the Treaty of Versailles, strenghten the economy and create jobs And did so!
Ascension to Power Named Chancelor Prime Minister The ineffective government of the Weimar Republic under Von Hindenburg shifted the support of the elite toward Hitler President Von Hindenburg dies August 1934 Probably assassinated Führer A mix of president and chancelor They held a plebiscite in which 90% voted yes Fraud?
Dictatorship begins Supression of all political parties Syndicates were banned Leaders are arrested or murdered
“At the risk of appearing to talk nonsense I tell you that the National Socialist movement will go on for 1,000 years! ... Don't forget how people laughed at me 15 years ago when I declared that one day I would govern Germany. They laugh now, just as foolishly, when I declare that I shall remain in power!”
Third Reich Economy and war effort Strengthening the Armed forces Where did the money come from? From everything that they took from the jews! Infrastructure paid for by the State Unemployment dropped from 6 Million in 1932 to 1 million in 1936
Third Reich War alliances Anti-Comintern Pact Anti-communist Germany + Japan + Italy 1937 Hitler starts to occupy territory Lebensraun Remilitarization of demilitarized areas
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