Published on October 25, 2007
RICYT – Ibero American Network of Science and Technology Indicators: RICYT – Ibero American Network of Science and Technology Indicators A successful experience for horizontal cooperation A little bit of history: A little bit of history It was “born” in 1994, when the first Ibero American workshop on S&T indicators took place in Buenos Aires. Initial funding by CYTED and OAS. Fast process of gaining recognition, not only in the region but also by international and multilateral organizations. Institutions supporting RICYT: Institutions supporting RICYT CYTED Program Organization of American States (OAS) Organization of Ibero American States (OEI) UNESCO Executive Secretary of Convenio Andrés Bello (SECAB) National counterparts in all the region Slide4: Participant institutions: SOUTH AMERICA NATIONAL MINISTRIES OF S&T (or equivalent) not national statistics institutions: Argentina Bolivia Brazil Colombia Chile Ecuador Paraguay Peru Uruguay Venezuela UNIVERSITIES AND R&D INSTITUTIONS Participant institutions: NORTH AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN: Participant institutions: NORTH AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN CARIBBEAN COUNCIL FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (CCST) NATIONAL MINISTRIES OF S&T (or equivalent): Canada Mexico USA Barbados Cuba Dominican Rep. Jamaica Trinidad & Tobago UNIVERSITIES AND R&D INSTITUTIONS Participant institutions: CENTRAL AMERICA: Participant institutions: CENTRAL AMERICA SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY COMMISSION FOR CENTRAL AMERICA AND PANAMA (CTCAP) NATIONAL MINISTRIES OF S&T (or equivalent): Costa Rica Honduras El Salvador Nicaragua Guatemala Panama UNIVERSITIES AND R&D INSTITUTIONS Extra-regional institutions: Extra-regional institutions OECD EUROPEAN COMMISSION EUROSTAT SPAIN MCyT - CINDOC - INE - CDTI FRANCE INIST - OST UNCTAD PORTUGAL MCES RUSSIA CSRS Objectives: Objectives To promote the development of instruments to measure and analyze S&T in Latin America, in the frame of international cooperation, in order to learn more about S&T and its applicability as an instrument for the policy and decision making processes. Specific objectives: Specific objectives Design indicators for the measurement and analysis of S-T&I in the region. To facilitate comparability and international exchange of information about S-&T. Diffusion of information: reports, working documents and indicators. To train people in S&T statistics and indicators. To organize international meetings – workshops and seminars - around the main topics of the network. Normalization, analysis and research: ISSUES: Normalization, analysis and research: ISSUES S&T inputs indicators Innovation indicators Knowledge Society indicators Bibliometric indicators Public perception, scientific culture and public participation International mobility of HRST S&T social impact indicators Normalization, analysis and research: RESULTS: Normalization, analysis and research: RESULTS 9 books on S&T indicators (5 pocket editions). L.A. Manual of Technological Innovation Indicators – Bogotá Manual. L.A. Methodology for producing S&T input indicators. Methodology for the Caribbean. Methodology for obtaining bibliometric indicators in Latin America. Study of the Ibero American production in the biomedical sciences field. Studies on HRST and S&T social impact indicators. Production of information: ACTIVITIES: Production of information: ACTIVITIES Annual survey of S&T indicators to all the countries of region. Survey on National S&T institutional systems to all the region’s countries. Production of bibliometric indicators. Revision and consolidation of the information. Publication of Ibero and Inter American indicators. Production of information: ACTIVITIES: Production of information: ACTIVITIES Annual survey of S&T indicators to all the countries of region. Survey on National S&T institutional systems to all the region’s countries. Production of bibliometric indicators. Revision and consolidation of the information. Publication of Ibero and Inter American indicators. Training: ACTIVITIES: Training: ACTIVITIES 5 rounds of short fellowships 13 national and sub-regional training seminaries 14 technical assistance visits 2 courses about indicators in the framework of UNESCO Chair Diffusion of Information: ACTIVITIES and RESULTS: Diffusion of Information: ACTIVITIES and RESULTS Boletín Indicios (14 editions, 1000 vols.) Cuadernos de Indicios (2 editions, 500 vols.) Text book (co-edited with UNESCO/Nueva Sociedad and COLCIENCIAS/Tercer Mundo) Web site (1500 visits per month) Up-to-date indicators in the web site Projects and results presentation in international forums RICYT activities 2003: Regional Workshops: RICYT activities 2003: Regional Workshops Second Workshop on “Indicators for the Information Society”, Lisbon, February Third Workshop on “Bibliometric Indicators”, Madrid, March First Workshop on “Public Perception, Scientific Culture and Public Participation, Salamanca, May “Sixth Ibero and Inter American Workshop of S&T Indicators” (every two years) S&T indicators currently produced and published by RICYT: S&T indicators currently produced and published by RICYT Context indicators Population Labour force Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Input indicators Expenditures Human resources Output indicators Patents Bibliometric Innovation indicators: Innovation indicators Training and methodological activities Regional standard for the production of innovation indicators: Bogotá Manual Innovation surveys in the region’s countries: Chile, Colombia, Argentina, Venezuela, Brazil (Sao Paulo), Uruguay, Mexico, Indicators Input and output innovation indicators Technology Balance of Payments International Trade of High Technology goods and services Why did we need a regional manual?: Why did we need a regional manual? Share common criteria and procedures for “constructing” indicators. Common methodology for the measurement and analysis of innovative processes. International and regional comparisons. Characteristics of LA firms regarding innovation: Characteristics of LA firms regarding innovation Informal organizational settings for conducting innovation, Fewer R&D projects undertaken, Innovation mainly based in the acquisition of technology embodied in capital equipment, The importance of organizational change in innovation processes, Fewer resources devoted to innovation activities, and Fragmented flows of information within national systems of innovation. Indicators that RICYT is working on and will publish in the short term: Indicators that RICYT is working on and will publish in the short term Indicators of public perception of science First survey in Argentina, Brazil, Spain and Uruguay. Indicators of social impact of S&T Development of methodology for the region and pilot survey in selected countries. Indicators of international mobility of HRST Pilot indicators developed from population census in L.A. and from USA data on resident scientists (2003). Knowledge Society Indicators Slide22: 2.68 3.04 0.00 0.75 1.50 2.25 3.00 Panama Mexico Argentina Chile Latin America Cuba Brazil European Union Canada USA Japan R&D expenditure as a % of GDP, 2001* * or last available year Slide23: 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% USA Japan EU Canada Spain Latin America Brazil Perú Uruguay Trin. & Tobago Mexico Costa Rica Argentina Portugal Colombia Chile Bolivia Ecuador R&D expenditure by performing sector 2001* Non Profit Higher Educación Gov. Enterprises * or last available year Slide24: 0.61 0.55 0.43 0.32 0.31 Japan USA Australia Canada European Union Spain Portugal Argentina Costa Rica Cuba Chile T. & Tobago Brazil Latin America Uruguay Mexico Venezuela Panama Bolivia Full time researchers by 1,000 of the Labour Force, 2001* * or last available year Slide25: R&D expenditure by full time researcher, 2001* (in thousands US$) 175 159 157 116 94 94 94 80 69 67 56 52 50 44 36 33 24 21 19 15 12 8 7 191 0 25 50 75 100 125 150 175 200 USA EU Canada Japan Venezuela Mexico Panama Spain Portugal LAC Brazil Chile Uruguay El Salvador Argentina Colombia Cuba Bolivia T. & Tobago Costa Rica Ecuador Paraguay Nicaragua Honduras * or last available year Slide26: Publications from Latin America and the Caribbean in different databases, 2001 2.0% 2.7% 1.7% 1.7% 2.7% 6.5% 2.5% 2.1% SCI PASCAL INSPEC COMPENDEX Chemical Abstracts BIOSIS MEDLINE CAB General achievements: General achievements Inclusion of Latin American S&T indicators in world statistics Raise profile of LA S&T Support for (policy) research on S&T Colombian Observatory of S&T Participation as a region in S&T statistics international meetings Successful story of regional ‘integration’ (horizontal cooperation) What is lacking: use of S&T indicators and statistics for policy-making. Finally… the end: Finally… the end http://www.ricyt.org
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CURRICULUM VITAE J. Adam Holbrook, P.Eng. Adjunct Professor and Associate Director, Centre for Policy Research on Science and Technology (CPROST),
... InnoCom (now the Western ... M. Albornoz, editor,(the proceedings of the Fourth Iberoamerican Workshop on S&T Indicators, RICYT, Mexico City, Mexico ...