RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS

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Information about RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS
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Published on March 13, 2014

Author: kawaljeetkang

Source: authorstream.com

RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS: RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS an autoimmune disease in which the normal immune response is directed against an individual's own tissue, including the joints, tendons, and bones, resulting in inflammation and destruction of these tissues. a slow, insidious onset over weeks to months. Results in joint deformity and immobilization Has a symmetrical bilateral effect on joints Exact cause is unknown. Autoimmune disease that directly affects the synovium of the joints. RISK FACTORS sex Women. Age between the ages of 40 and 60. Family history :  Exact cause is unknown. Autoimmune disease that directly affects the synovium of the joints. RISK FACTORS sex Women. Age between the ages of 40 and 60. Family history ETIOLOGY SIGN AND SYMPTOMS: SIGN AND SYMPTOMS Morning stiffness lasting more than half an hour Simultaneous symmetrical joint swelling Not relieved by rest Fever Weight loss Fatigue Anemia Lymph node enlargement Nodules Raynaud’s phenomenon COMPLICATIONS : COMPLICATIONS Carpal tunnel syndrome Baker’s cyst Vasculitis subcutaneous nodules Sj ögren’s syndrome peripheral neuropathy cardiac and pulmonary involvement DIAGNOSTIC TESTS: DIAGNOSTIC TESTS CBC ESR RA factor detection test Synovial membrane biopsy X- Ray DIRECT ARTHROSCOPY: DIRECT ARTHROSCOPY Arthrocentesis synovial fluid is aspirated and analysed for inflammatory components :  Arthrocentesis synovial fluid is aspirated and analysed for inflammatory components Arthrography A radiopaque substance or air is injected into the joint, which outlines soft tissue structures surrounding the joint: Arthrography A radiopaque substance or air is injected into the joint, which outlines soft tissue structures surrounding the joint CT/ MRI Used for better visualization of soft tissue MRI is particularly sensitive for the early and subtle features of RA Can detect changes of Rheumatoid Arthritis prior to an X-Ray :  CT/ MRI Used for better visualization of soft tissue MRI is particularly sensitive for the early and subtle features of RA Can detect changes of Rheumatoid Arthritis prior to an X-Ray

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