Rhetorical Strategies

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Information about Rhetorical Strategies

Published on May 30, 2012

Author: PUNNisher05

Source: authorstream.com

PowerPoint Presentation: Since AP English Language and Composition aims to hone your reading and writing skills, we will be: Studying the rhetorical strategies writers use, and Analyzing how authors use these strategies to achieve their own specific purposes or create desired effects. Rhetorical Strategies PowerPoint Presentation: A stated comparison between two unlike things Example: “A sea of troubles” Metaphor PowerPoint Presentation: A direct comparison between two unlike things with the use of “like” or “as ” Example: “I’m as tired as a dog” Simile PowerPoint Presentation: Attributing human qualities to an inanimate object Example: “The tired chair” Personification PowerPoint Presentation: Specific details that appeal to the five senses: sight , sound, touch, taste, and smell; allows the reader to more fully participate in the work with images and experiences that they can tie to directly or indirectly; engages emotions Imagery PowerPoint Presentation: A play on the meaning of words Example: “mender of soles” ( shoes’ soles/ people’s souls) Julius Caesar Pun PowerPoint Presentation: Deliberate, extreme exaggeration for emphasis Example: “I’m so hungry I could eat a horse” Hyperbole PowerPoint Presentation: Two contradictory terms used together “Parting is such sweet sorrow ” and “Jumbo Shrimp” Example: “Parting is such sweet sorrow ” Jumbo shrimp Oxymoron PowerPoint Presentation: The use of words whose sound reinforces their meaning Example: “cackle” and “Bang” Onomatopoeia PowerPoint Presentation: Repetition of the same sound at the beginning of successive words; usual effect: to increase memory retention, add emphasis and/or to create a rhythm Example: “Peter Piper picked a peck of picked peppers.” Alliteration PowerPoint Presentation: A set of similarly structured words, phrases, or clauses Example: “He walked to the store; he walked to the library; he walked to the apartment.” Parallelism PowerPoint Presentation: A part is used to represent the whole Example: “All hands on deck” (Hands means people helping) Synecdoche PowerPoint Presentation: One thing is designated by something closely associated with it. Example: “a committee chair ” “the crown of England” (the king) Metonymy PowerPoint Presentation: An inoffensive expression that is substituted for one that is considered offensive or harsh Example: “Passed on” (died) “pleasantly plump” (fat) Euphemism PowerPoint Presentation: Intensifies an idea by negating the opposite “was not a little excited” (means was very excited) Example: “Was not a little excited” (was very excited) Litotes PowerPoint Presentation: A statement that appears to be contradictory but, in fact, has some truth Examples: “He worked hard at being lazy.” “Absolute seriousness is never without a dash of humor.” Paradox PowerPoint Presentation: A grammatical structure in which the first clause or phrase is reversed in the second, sometimes repeating the same words. Reversing the syntactical order emphasizes the reversal in meaning and thus reinforces the contrast. Such a device is useful in writing to emphasize differences or contrast in meaning Example: “Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country.” Chiasmus PowerPoint Presentation: The placing of contrasting settings, characters, or other literary elements next to each other to highlight an intended disparity. Example: placing a comfortable setting immediately before the most uncomfortable setting in a novel in order to make the uncomfortable setting feel even more. Juxtaposition PowerPoint Presentation: Placing opposing or contrasting ideas/words in parallel structure within the same sentence or close together to emphasize their disparity Example: “It was the best of times; it was the worst of times .” Antithesis PowerPoint Presentation: Conjunctions are omitted, producing fast-paced and rapid prose to speed up the reader so as to have the reader experience the events along with the persona in a rapid succession Example: “I woke up, got out of bed, pulled on my clothes, rushed out the door.” (The conjunction “and” is omitted.) Asyndeton PowerPoint Presentation: The use of many conjunctions has the opposite effect of asyndeton; it slows the pace of the reader but the effect is to possibly overwhelm the reader with details thus connecting the reader and the persona to the same experience. Example: “My mother cooked roast turkey and cornbread stuffing and sweet potatoes and peas and apple pie.” Poly syndeton PowerPoint Presentation: A form of a regular repetition of the same word or phrase at the beginning of successive phrases or strategically placed paragraphs Example: “I have a dream...” (This is repeated at the beginning of paragraphs.) Anaphora PowerPoint Presentation: Placing the subject at the end of a long sentence (which emphasizes the subject, not the verb or action) Example: “Walking down the street in the middle of the night while clutching my cane, I saw the cat .” Periodic Sentence PowerPoint Presentation: The opposite of a periodic sentence. The subject is at the beginning, and emphasis is on the action of the sentence instead of on the subject . Example: “ I saw the cat while I was walking down the street in the middle of the night while clutching my cane.” Cumulative Sentence PowerPoint Presentation: Because tone radiates from the author, through a speaker or narrator and then to the reader, a tone shift indicates a shift in attitude about the subject. A tone shift may be the result of a change in speaker, subject, audience, or intention. The shift may indicate irony, a deeper and more complex understanding of the topic, a new way of addressing the topic, etc. Notice how and why the tone shift occurs and use two contrasting tone words to express the change and its effect . Tone Shift

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