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Published on October 4, 2007

Author: Nivedi

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Notes from 1st MC meeting of COST 860, Brussels 11th May 2004 including amendments from the WG leader planning meeting Wednesday 12th May concerning STSM as well as program for SUSVAR Opening Workshop:  Notes from 1st MC meeting of COST 860, Brussels 11th May 2004 including amendments from the WG leader planning meeting Wednesday 12th May concerning STSM as well as program for SUSVAR Opening Workshop By Hanne Østergård Chair, COST 860 Agenda MC meeting chaired by Hanne Østergård:  Agenda MC meeting chaired by Hanne Østergård 8. Working plan for the implementation of the COST Action. 11.00-12.00 Presentation of objectives and working programme. Setting up groups for discussion of the Working Plan 12.00-14.00 Lunch and Group discussion 14.00-17.00 Organisation and management/distribution of tasks Working groups: leaders, milestones and deliverables Time-table for 2004-2008 Organisation and management/distribution of tasks (cont.) STSM: assessment panel, assessment criteria, application dates Dissemination: homepage and others Association of national projects 9. Place and date of next meeting 10. Miscellaneous 11. Closing SUSVAR: Sustainable low-input cereal production: required varietal characteristics and crop diversity:  SUSVAR: Sustainable low-input cereal production: required varietal characteristics and crop diversity Hanne Østergård Senior Research Specialist Risø National Laboratory,Roskilde, Denmark EFRC, UK, copyright Sustainable low-input cereal production (1):  Sustainable low-input cereal production (1) Reduced pesticides towards no pesticides (organic) Reduced synthetic fertiliser towards no synthetic fertilisers (organic) Emphasis on crop rotation Implying Less possibilities for control of weeds, pests and diseases Less possibilities for nutritional input More need for understanding the processes in the field to be able to prevent problems in stead of cure them More need for skillfull management based on choice of varieties (homogeneous or heterogeneous), rotations, cropping methods Sustainable low-input cereal production (2):  Sustainable low-input cereal production (2) Questions for research Are new varieties/more diverse crops necessary to obtain stable yield and good quality? Which new breeding methods are needed to develop these varieties, variety mixtures and segregating populations? How can we measure important varietal characteristics for selecting such varieties in a simple way? Questions for variety testing and practice How can we organise low input/organic variety testing? How can we involve farmers in selection and breeding of the desirable varieties? Why a COST Action – :  About 60 national projects from 18 countries on: Cropping systems: Low input, sustainable, organic, integrated Cereals: wheat, barley, triticale And some of the factors: Crop diversity: Variety mixtures, populations, intercropping Genetic resources, diversity, molecular markers Breeding methods, marker assisted, participatory Genotype-environment interactions, multivariate statistics Nutrient uptake efficiency, soil microbiology Weed competitiveness, weed management Disease resistance, disease complexes Variety trials, variety testing Co-ordination of nationally funded research activities Why a COST Action – The main objective:  The main objective To establish methods for selecting varieties, lines and populations to develop ways to increase and make use of crop diversity and genotype-environment interactions to ensure stable and acceptable yields of good-quality crops for low-input, especially organic, cereal production in Europe Slide8:  WG 1 Genetics & Breeding WG 3 Plant – Soil Interactions WG 4 Plant – Plant Interactions WG 5 Plant Disease Complex WG 6 Variety testing & certification Organisation of activities and reciprocal benefits WG 2 Biostatistics Slide9:  Isabelle Goldringer, F Slide10:  Stat. Anl. of ringtest Stat. experience in variety trials Non-normal distributed data WG 3 WG 6 WG 5 WG 4 Other WG’s WG 2 GxE interactions WG 1 WG 5 WG 1 WG 4 Kristian Kristensen, DK Slide11:  Fabio Mascher, CH WG 3 Plant-Soil Interactions Cereal genotype microbes interactions Nutrient acquisition study beneficial interaction of microbial root colonizers in low-input/organic farming. determine specific interaction between cereal genotypes and soil micro-organisms. understand nutrient acquisition and use by plants in low-input/organic farming Stabilize the low-input production system provide information to breeders develop strategies to favorize the beneficial microflora study the use of microbial inoculants WG 4: Plant-plant interaction What makes species mixtures perform better than the individual species?:  WG 4: Plant-plant interaction What makes species mixtures perform better than the individual species? Individual species Species mixture Identify basis for added value of variety mixtures Develop strategy for combining species in order to maximize added value Develop screening procedure for individual varieties for their performance in mixture with respect to productivity, stability and weed suppression Lammert Baastian, NL Slide13:  Scott Philipps, UK   Main Goals Analyses of interactions among pathogens on the same host plant, methods for disease assessment and field resistance in complex systems, disease assessment in variety mixtures and populations Slide14:  Inventory and analysis of comparative variety research (organic vs conventional) Inventory of plant characteristics which are currently used in organic variety trials Inventory of evaluation methodologies Analysis influence environment on variety ranking Aart Osmann, NL WG 6: Variety testing and certification  Main goal:Develop guidelines for setting up VCU (Value for Cultivation and Use) testing for organic and low input agriculture Who are we? - as it is listed in the proposal:  Who are we? - as it is listed in the proposal 100 experts (scientists, breeders, extension service, variety testing authoratives) 80 technicians 100 PhD students (genetics, plant pathology, weed science, plant physiology, agronomy, biostatistics) Austria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Hungary Italy Latvia The Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom Expertice of MC members on scale from 0 to 5:  Expertice of MC members on scale from 0 to 5 Remember professional and personal values!:  Remember professional and personal values! This Action concerns cereal production being ‘sustainable’ ‘low input’ ‘integrated’ ‘organic’ What is behind these words? Do we have different definitions depending on our professional and personal values (what we think before we think, often unspoken assumptions) Conclusion from group work :  Conclusion from group work All WGs have to take into account Diversity Definition of varieties Genotype, phenotypes and populations Quality in the broad sense Alternative uses of cereals in cropping systems Adaptation to cropping systems Low input, integrated and organic systems And all other WGs Input to WGs from group work :  Input to WGs from group work WG1 Discuss breeding goals Prebreeding programmes Multilocation variety trials Local adaptation Evaluate association genetics methods and mapping populations Metanalyses (WG2) WG2 Genotype-environment interactions Stability analyses Data analyses for variety mixtures in different cropping systems (spatial components) Input to WGs from group work:  Input to WGs from group work WG3 Microorganism – plant variety interaction Genotypes-soil disturbance interactions Nutrient acquisition and use efficiency WG4 How to create variety mixtures Simple methods to evaluate competitive ability against weeds for breeders allelopathy Input to WGs from group work:  Input to WGs from group work WG5 Ring tests for disease complexes? Which diseases play an important role in organic farming Fusarium resistance Influence of environment and cropping system on disease complexes Methods (assessment and analysis) to evaluate diseases in variety mixtures and populations WG6 Inventory of testing systems and extraction testing systems and approval criteria Specific organic aspects Comparison between testing in different growing systems General organisation of WGs:  General organisation of WGs One responsible WG leader (can appoint a deputy), subgroup leaders for particular purposes are OK WG leader responsibilities 3 monthly e-mail letter to MC + WG leaders 6 monthly word document to web site 12 monthly report (summary and plans) to COST Minutes of any WG related meetings Begin Emails: end August 2004, end October 2004 Report: end January 2005 Preliminary Time table as in proposal:  Preliminary Time table as in proposal Revised time table for 2004:  Revised time table for 2004 SUSVAR Opening Workshop all WGs and MC 28-30 June Roskilde, Denmark (local org. Hanne Østergård) Focus finding workshop 11th noon -13th noon Mid October, Witzenhausen (local org. Maria Finckh) Common workshop WG1 and ECO-PB on low input/organic breeding strategies and use of markers 5-8 December, Driebergen, NL (local org. Edith Lammerts) Short Term Scientific Mission (min 1 week, max 1 month):  Short Term Scientific Mission (min 1 week, max 1 month) STSM applications (forms on webside) are send to Maria Finckh ‘not before July 1st 2004’ (this is suggested to be changed to ‘starting from now’ UNLESS COMMENTS FROM YOU BEFORE JUNE 1ST) assessment panel: chair + vice chair + 1-2 WG leaders assessment criteria: support the aim of SUSVAR application dates not needed from the beginning Focusing on learning methods among scientists Dissemination:  Dissemination Home page: www.cost860.dk Organised by Hanne Østergård supported by Adrian Newton and ? Team service system A preliminary version before June meeting Flexible brochure – before the end of the year Common trials STSM reports on web site as well as in reports from WGs Remember to acknowledge COST860 when writing papers based on results from the networking COST supports meetings/training courses between breeders, extension service, farmers, scientists Interaction with other COST Actions Association of projects:  Association of projects HØ receives description of projects associated to the action to put on our home page To be member of the Action one has in general to have a project associated – projects need to be revised according to the present list

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