Published on May 20, 2014
Alemayehu Seyoum Taffesse International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) May 2014 Resilience Policy - Some Lessons from Ethiopia’s PSNP
Outline Premise and aim; The PSNP – a brief description, impact; Key lessons;
Introduction Policy Goals – objectives or targets that are to be attained or promoted; Instruments – means deployed to achieve policy goals or targets; Causal framework – summarises the expected link between instruments and goals; Resilience the capability to anticipate risk, limit impact, and bounce back rapidly through survival, adaptability, evolution, and growth in the face of, sometimes considerable, change. Resilience policy
Premise and aim Premise Significant commonalities in East Africa - chronic food insecurity and attendant causes and consequences; Lessons can be distilled from country-level experiences; These lessons may inform other initiatives at the country and/or regional levels; Aim highlight key lessons from the PSNP for future resilience- related interventions; particularly those involving cooperation between donors, governments, and other stakeholders;
The PSNP Motivation the drought of 2002-03; New Coalition for Food Security in Ethiopia (2003) Features Coordination and commitment – donors (9), government; Predictability - multi-year planning and financing; Combine transfers with asset building – PW plus direct support ; Integrated with the broader development agenda; Large o Beneficiaries - Up to 8 million persons, nearly 300 woredas (40%); o Cost - US$1.5 billion (2005-09); US$2.1 billion (2010-14)
The PSNP Impact Five years (2006-2010) of participation in the PSNP-PW: o reduced the length of the last hungry season by 1.29 months; o raises livestock holdings by 0.38 tropical livestock units; Impact of access to the PSNP along with the OFSP/HABP is even higher: o length of the last hungry season lower by 1.5 months per year; and o livestock holdings higher by 0.99 TLU; o fertilizer use rose, investments in agriculture increased, and crop yields increased Note: these impacts occurred against the background of rising food prices and widespread drought
Key Lessons Crisis can be an opportunity – 2002-03 drought and PSNP; Principles: Ownership – Government program; Integration – part of the national development effort/plan; Coordination – among donors, donors and government, within government; Complementarity – addressing emergency, enhancing resilience, and promoting development (E.g. Drought Risk Financing (DRF))
Key Lessons Process Dialogue – genuine; What and how – implementation strategy; Monitoring and evaluation a part of the initial design and mutual understanding; independent but collaborative – government, donors, the national statistical agency, external evaluators; interim rigorous evaluations – three so far; o Create opportunities to learn and adjust (Payroll and Attendance Sheet System (PASS), Client cards ) o Help bridge results-based budgeting and longer term programming designed to achieve impact
1. Alemayehu Seyoum Taffesse International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) May 2014 Resilience Policy - Some Lessons from Ethiopia’s PSNP
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