advertisement

Reserach Poster: The use of solar energy in the Biodiesel Industry as a sustainable alternative for the glycerin purification process

50 %
50 %
advertisement
Information about Reserach Poster: The use of solar energy in the Biodiesel Industry as a...
Technology

Published on February 22, 2014

Author: JemarisMartes

Source: slideshare.net

advertisement

Abstract The production of biofuels from agricultural sources has significantly increased, triggered by the high costs of petroleum based fuels. This paper presents an eco-friendly alternative to the traditional processes of purifying glycerin, a waste product which results from the biofuels manufacturing. Because glycerin is a key component for making many other products, if purified, it can represent a second source of profit for the biodiesel producers. Glycerin purification processes are sophisticated, expensive and require considerable amounts of energy that impact the environment. In the mentioned purification process, methanol is separated from the glycerin by means of a distillation process. For this purpose, a solar based distillation system was designed, built and tested with glycerin-methanol mixtures. Densities of these mixtures were calculated and a calibration curve was constructed; and used to determine the purity of the resulting glycerin. The aforementioned distillation system was capable of yielding 80% glycerin, which is considered an acceptable concentration for further use of this compound. Objective • Establish a successful operation of a solar energy system, as a sustainable alternative in the demethanolization procedure for the Glycerin purification process. • Obtain a minimum of 80% of purity in the resulting glycerin. Introduction • Biodiesel is a vegetable and animal fat based fuel. It can be produced from renewable sources, such as vegetable and animal oils, as well as from wastes, such as used cooking oil. It is used in small vehicles as well as for diesel-powered machines. • Due to high cost of petroleum based fuels, an increase in the demand for biofuels and other types of energy sources (i.e. Solar, Eolic) has been reported. • Biodiesel Process - Biodiesel is created by the chemical conversion of animal fats or vegetable oils by a process called transesterification. This process generates by-products which become waste and potential contaminants to the environment. One of these wastes is the glycerin, a polyol compound formed with three hydroxyl groups. • Glycerin is a useful substance to obtain a variety of pharmaceutical products, food products, botanical extracts, chemical intermediate products, and many others. • The conventional glycerin purification procedure consist in three basic steps: separating with phosphoric acid the crude glycerin in its three main components, decant the residual phases, and demethanolize the final sample to obtain an acceptable purity of a minimum of 80% • Throughout this investigation a green alternative to the glycerin purification process was designed and presented, focusing on the implementation of a solar system for the distillation of methanol from a glycerin/methanol mixture to yield purified glycerin as a final step. Methodology Results • Using the equations

Add a comment

Related presentations

Presentación que realice en el Evento Nacional de Gobierno Abierto, realizado los ...

In this presentation we will describe our experience developing with a highly dyna...

Presentation to the LITA Forum 7th November 2014 Albuquerque, NM

Un recorrido por los cambios que nos generará el wearabletech en el futuro

Um paralelo entre as novidades & mercado em Wearable Computing e Tecnologias Assis...

Microsoft finally joins the smartwatch and fitness tracker game by introducing the...

Related pages

NASA - Clean Energy

... 2009 NASA Develops Algae Bioreactor as a Sustainable Energy ... energy focus is on advancing biofuels, solar, ... of solar energy efficiency ...
Read more

The American Solar Energy Society, Leading the Renewable ...

... the nonprofit American Solar Energy ... the transition to a sustainable energy economy. ASES’s purpose is to ... use the combined ...
Read more

Energy Resources: Solar power - Andy Darvill's Science ...

... to help it absorb solar energy from ... Solar cells provide the energy to run satellites ... solar power isn't much use for high ...
Read more

What Is Biodiesel - Energy Systems Research Unit ...

What Is Biodiesel? Biodiesel is an alternative fuel ... of the biodiesel. During the esterification process, ... glycerin and biodiesel ...
Read more

Glycerine: Journey to Forever

"There are two routes to get energy from waste of the BioDiesel ... the biodiesel process you can't then use KOH to ... biodiesel / glycerin ...
Read more

What is solar power? | EDF Energy

Solar panels convert sunlight into usable energy. Solar thermal panels use sunlight to heat ... solar power currently makes only a modest contribution ...
Read more

Make your own biodiesel: Journey to Forever

Making your own biodiesel will ... Duda's Alternative Energy Store supplies pure ... The process. Using a blender. Use a spare blender you ...
Read more

Biofuels - Alternative Energy

It is originally derived from the photosynthesis process and can ... utilize the solar power for energy use. ... Biofuel as a Jet Fuel Alternative?
Read more

Future Technology - Alternative Energy

Future Technology. In the future, civilization will be forced to research and develop alternative energy sources. Our current rate of fossil fuel usage ...
Read more

Bioenergy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

... fuels like ethanol and biodiesel. ... bioenergy sewage treatment process aimed at ... the large-scale use of forest biomass in energy ...
Read more