Research on Lang & Ling 2009

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Information about Research on Lang & Ling 2009
Education

Published on August 19, 2009

Author: nuslibrariesssrt

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Doing Research on Language & Linguistics:
An Introduction 2009

Doing Research on Language & Linguistics: An Introduction

Outline New to research on English Language materials? Here are the topics that will be covered: Interpreting references Research process Boolean operators & search statements Using databases Plagiarism & citation Library services

New to research on English Language materials? Here are the topics that will be covered:

Interpreting references

Research process

Boolean operators & search statements

Using databases

Plagiarism & citation

Library services

Interpreting References

Interpreting References First things first. Can you interpret your reading list or the references at the end of a book or journal article? Perhaps you can interpret a book reference. But what about references to other materials? Note: if appears, check out the note at the bottom of the same page. see powerpoint notes

First things first. Can you interpret your reading list or the references at the end of a book or journal article?

Perhaps you can interpret a book reference. But what about references to other materials?

Note: if appears, check out the note at the bottom of the same page.

Interpreting References: Journal Article authors article title Herring, S. C., & Paolillo, J. C. (2006). Gender and genre variation in weblogs. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 10 (4), 439-459. year journal title volume (issue) pages see powerpoint notes

Interpreting References: Book Chapter authors book chapter title Smith, L. E., & Cecil L. N. (2006). World Englishes and issues of intelligibility. In B. B. Kachru, Y. Kachru, & C. L. Nelson (Eds.), The handbook of world Englishes. (pp. 428-447). Malden, MA: Blackwell. year publisher book title pages editors see powerpoint notes

To Google or Not to Google If you have an assignment to complete or thesis to write, can you use Google or Wikipedia? As initial research tools, they are usually fine. But outdated pages and broken links are common problems, and you can seldom be sure whether the information is accurate and authoritative . To do ‘proper’ research, you should be using authoritative sources which can be found in the library, either in print (e.g. books & journals) or electronic format (e.g. e-resources). see powerpoint notes

If you have an assignment to complete or thesis to write, can you use Google or Wikipedia?

As initial research tools, they are usually fine. But outdated pages and broken links are common problems, and you can seldom be sure whether the information is accurate and authoritative .

To do ‘proper’ research, you should be using authoritative sources which can be found in the library, either in print (e.g. books & journals) or electronic format (e.g. e-resources).

Research Process

The Research Process The typical research process looks like this: Your topic Break down your topic into concepts List keywords from concepts Construct search statement from your keywords Search for materials such as books & articles. Use LINC & databases. Check if they are relevant Locate the materials in the library Find more sources by using references in the sources you have located Do you have sufficient sources for your assignment? Complete your assignment START HERE YES NO see powerpoint notes

The typical research process looks like this:

Example of Research Topic Topic: Language planning and the use of Singlish in Singapore concept 1: singlish concept 2: language planning Consider synonyms when searching LINC or databases, eg: Singlish = Singapore English language planning = language policy

Topic: Language planning and the use of Singlish in Singapore

concept 1: singlish

concept 2: language planning

Consider synonyms when searching LINC or databases, eg:

Singlish = Singapore English

language planning = language policy

Boolean Operators & Search Statements

Boolean Operators: AND, OR AND OR Singapore AND language planning Singlish OR Singapore English language planning OR language policy AND narrows your search & is usually used for unrelated terms OR broadens your search & is usually used for synonyms see powerpoint notes

AND narrows your search & is usually used for unrelated terms

OR broadens your search & is usually used for synonyms

Boolean Operators: Asterisk, ( ) Use asterisk * for variant forms of a word eg. educat* = educate, education, educational… Use ( ) for grouping words eg. (planning OR policy) AND language= language planning OR language policy see powerpoint notes

Use asterisk * for variant forms of a word

eg. educat* = educate, education, educational…

Use ( ) for grouping words

eg. (planning OR policy) AND language= language planning OR language policy

Creating a Search Statement Singlish & language planning in Singapore Singlish, Singapore English search statement: (singlish OR singapore english) AND (language planning OR language policy) topic keywords keywords language planning, language policy see powerpoint notes

Singlish & language planning

in Singapore

Using Databases

LINC+/LINC vs. Databases Use LINC+/LINC to search for resources in the library’s collection, i.e. books, journals, audio-visual materials, theses, etc. Use databases when you have a topic and want to search for journal articles (or book reviews, conference proceedings, etc). Most databases only provide citations & abstracts, but not the full-text articles.

Use LINC+/LINC to search for resources in the library’s collection, i.e. books, journals, audio-visual materials, theses, etc.

Use databases when you have a topic and want to search for journal articles (or book reviews, conference proceedings, etc). Most databases only provide citations & abstracts, but not the full-text articles.

Accessing Databases or, select from this list of major databases e.g. MLA click here to browse by title, subject, type and location

Databases for English Language Specialised databases CSA Linguistics & Language Behavior Abstracts (LLBA) MLA International Bibliography General databases Humanities Abstracts Arts & Humanities Citation Index (via Web of Science) Expanded Academic ASAP Jstor (full-text articles but back issues only) Factiva (full-text newspaper articles from 1980s) PERIND (articles on Singapore, Malaysia, Brunei & ASEAN)

Specialised databases

CSA Linguistics & Language Behavior Abstracts (LLBA)

MLA International Bibliography

General databases

Humanities Abstracts

Arts & Humanities Citation Index (via Web of Science)

Expanded Academic ASAP

Jstor (full-text articles but back issues only)

Factiva (full-text newspaper articles from 1980s)

PERIND (articles on Singapore, Malaysia, Brunei & ASEAN)

Database in Action #1: LLBA type llba in this box type your search statement here click on title of article or ‘View record’ for more information citation title of source, which is a journal explore the useful features

Journal record in LINC Now that you have a citation to an article which you are interested in, check LINC to find out whether NUS Libraries has the journal. see powerpoint notes some vols in Bound Journals some vols in Closed Stacks volumes available links to full text latest issue received In current Journals search for specific volume or year click for listing of more volumes

Now that you have a citation to an article which you are interested in, check LINC to find out whether NUS Libraries has the journal.

Database in Action #2: Factiva You may need to look for newspaper articles. You can use either Factiva or LexisNexis Academic . When searching Factiva or LexisNexis Academic, remember to use keywords which are likely to be found in the newspaper of your choice. It is rare to find jargon such as ‘language planning’ and ‘sociolinguistics’ in the newspapers! For a guide on Factiva, check out http://www.brainshark.com/brainshark/vu/view.asp?pi=44319

You may need to look for newspaper articles. You can use either Factiva or LexisNexis Academic .

When searching Factiva or LexisNexis Academic, remember to use keywords which are likely to be found in the newspaper of your choice. It is rare to find jargon such as ‘language planning’ and ‘sociolinguistics’ in the newspapers!

For a guide on Factiva, check out

http://www.brainshark.com/brainshark/vu/view.asp?pi=44319

Database in Action #2: Factiva click on Factiva click on search builder 1. type your keywords here 2. select date or choose all dates 3. search for Straits Times and select the correct newspaper by clicking on it 4. click on run search click on title to view full article click within the boxes, then select an icon to view selected articles, email, print or save this is how an article looks

Troubleshooting Your Search Results When searching databases, you may encounter: too many results  use more keywords too few results  add synonyms too many irrelevant results  exclude keywords that are too general no results  use more general keywords, reduce number of keywords or redefine your research topic Quite often, you’ll need to refine your keywords through some trial and error. If you need help, check with your professor or ask a librarian ! 

When searching databases, you may encounter:

too many results  use more keywords

too few results  add synonyms

too many irrelevant results  exclude keywords that are

too general

no results  use more general keywords, reduce number of keywords or redefine your research topic

Quite often, you’ll need to refine your keywords through some trial and error.

If you need help, check with your professor or ask a librarian ! 

Plagiarism & Citation

Plagiarism Passing off someone else’s ideas as your own To avoid plagiarism: Jot down your sources Put all direct quotes in quotation marks, e.g. “ Both words and images can be evocative in their own ways and independent of each other” (Nikolajeva & Scott, 2006, p. 2) Acknowledge the source even when you paraphrase, e.g. Vietnam is one of the region’s fastest growing economies (Rogers, 2008) Create a reference section, e.g. Nikolajeva, M., & Scott, C. (2006). How picturebooks work. New York: Routledge.

Passing off someone else’s ideas as your own

To avoid plagiarism:

Jot down your sources

Put all direct quotes in quotation marks, e.g.

“ Both words and images can be evocative in their own ways and independent of each other” (Nikolajeva & Scott, 2006, p. 2)

Acknowledge the source even when you paraphrase, e.g.

Vietnam is one of the region’s fastest growing economies (Rogers, 2008)

Create a reference section, e.g.

Nikolajeva, M., & Scott, C. (2006). How picturebooks work. New York: Routledge.

Citation Why cite? back-up your arguments acknowledge intellectual debt show the research done help readers verify your claims

Why cite?

back-up your arguments

acknowledge intellectual debt

show the research done

help readers verify your claims

Citation Styles Style sheet for American Psychological Association (APA) http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/ http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/instruct/guides/apastyle.pdf Style sheet for Linguistic Society of America (LSA) http://www.lsadc.org/info/pubs-lang-style.cfm Style sheet for Modern Language Association (MLA) http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/557/01/ Using EndNote to import references http://libpweb1.nus.edu.sg/lion/e/endnoteGuide.html see powerpoint notes

Style sheet for American Psychological Association (APA)

http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/

http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/instruct/guides/apastyle.pdf

Style sheet for Linguistic Society of America (LSA)

http://www.lsadc.org/info/pubs-lang-style.cfm

Style sheet for Modern Language Association (MLA)

http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/557/01/

Using EndNote to import references

http://libpweb1.nus.edu.sg/lion/e/endnoteGuide.html

Library Services

Materials Not Found in Library Request the library to purchase new books : subject to relevance to NUS’ teaching & research needs and availability of funds Request for Document Delivery Service (DDS): honours and graduate students only For both services, go to the library portal at www.lib.nus.edu.sg , click on login at the top left corner and click on e-forms.

Request the library to purchase new books : subject to relevance to NUS’ teaching & research needs and availability of funds

Request for Document Delivery Service (DDS): honours and graduate students only

For both services, go to the library portal at www.lib.nus.edu.sg , click on login at the top left corner and click on e-forms.

Need Help? Phone: 6516-2028 Email: [email_address] -for queries on English Language [email_address] -for general queries Walk in: Information desk @ Central Library Level 5

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