Published on March 4, 2014
Qualitative Research Methods
Research Methods Review Observational Study: The researcher observes a place, group, or activity in its natural setting; records the observations; and interprets the observations. Narrative Inquiry: The researcher gathers data and constructs a narrative of the study. She/he collects data to tell a story about the ways the subjects experience the world.
New Method: Archival Research An archive is a collection of artifacts preserved by a library, historical society, or other institution. Researchers use archives to find and interpret new primary sources, such as historical records, letters, and photos Related data collection methods: Going to a physical archive to find, study, and interpret primary sources Using digital archives to find, study, and interpret primary sources
New Method: Library Research Researchers often complete library research by reading and interpreting secondary sources and searching databases for primary sources such as news articles Related data collections methods: Physically going to the library to find books, films, etc. to study and interpret. Searching online databases for scholarly articles, news articles, etc.
New Method: Ethnography The researcher “lives with and like” the subjects of the research project in order to get a first-hand, personalized look into the subjects’ experiences.. Related data collection methods Participant observation Informant Interviews Studying daily artifacts
New Method: Content Analysis The researcher examines a “text”/“texts” to look for particular repeating words, phrases, or concepts that will help the researcher analyze a person, people, or culture. Texts to examine include speeches, websites, conversations, interview transcripts, essays, news articles, etc.
Content Analysis Coding project To engage in content analysis, one must “code” a text or texts 1. Decide how many concepts to code for. 2. Decide on the specific words or phrases to code for. 3. Develop rules for coding. 4. Code the texts. 5. Analyze the results. Related data collection methods: You might use many of the above methods (archival or library research, observational study, ethnography) to begin a coding project Interviews and surveys are also important
Remainder of class: Begin analyzing the report genre: 1) Review the two reports posted online 2) Use the handout to guide your analysis of the reports 3) Email a copy of your analysis to Justin before the end of class (email@example.com)
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IEEE TCCA NEWSLETTER, September 1996. 1 THE BEST METHOD FOR PRESENTATION OF RESEARCH RESULTS Veljko Milutinovic firstname.lastname@example.org (381-11) 762-214
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