Published on February 8, 2014
Regional Human Resources Development Strategies for Innovation, Competitiveness and Social Inclusion Prepared for the KLI-OECD International Conference on Training Strategies for Regional Competitiveness and Inclusion through Employment by Lee, Hyo-Soo Professor of Yeungnam University, Korea President of the Korean Labour Economic Association 12 October 2005 Cosmo Hall-CCMM Building, Seoul, Korea
Contents Human Resource Development (HRD) & Vocational Ability Development (VAD) Paradigm Shift and Basic Concepts of Vocational Ability Development System (VADS) Vision and Basic Direction of VADS VADS per Life-cycle and Strategies for Fostering Knowledge Workforce Importance of the Innovation Cluster and Its VADS VADS for the Vulnerable and Social Inclusion Conclusion
Shift in Paradigm Economic Environment and Order: – Industrial Society → Knowledge Information Society (KC) – Localized Market → Global Market (Speed, Flexibility) – Young Society → Aging Society (New Welfare Economy) Economic Policy & Competition Strategies: – – – – – Macroeconomic Policy → Labor Market Policy Central Gov’t Initiative → Regional Governance Initiative Comparative Advantage → Competitive Advantage Mass Production System → Flexible Production System Price Competition Strategies → Quality Competition Strategies
Shift in Paradigm (Cont.) Labor Market and Social Policy: – – – – Flexible Labor Market → Dynamic & Healthy Labor Market Unemployment Policy → Unemployment Prevention Policy Employment Security Center → Learning & Job Information Center Low Road Strategies → High Road Strategies Vocational Ability Development Policy: – – – – – – Goals: Technical Manpower → Fostering of Knowledge Workers Subject: Employees & Unemployed → All in their Productive Age Method: Skill Training → Vocational Ability Development Governance: Central Initiatives → Regional Initiatives & Partnership Institutes: Training Centers → Univ., Colleges and Training Centers Expected Results: Low Skill Equilibrium → High Skill Equilibrium
New Vision for Korean Economy: RESAP RESAP : Regional Economic & Social Advancement Partnership – Why Regional Initiative? @ Innovation Cluster and Social Inclusion fully Effective on a Regional-level – Why Should Economic & Social Advancement be pursued simultaneously? @ Competitiveness & Social Inclusion – Who and How operate RESAP? @ Regional Governance, Partnership
Vision & Directions of VADS Vision RESAP RESAP Regional Economic and Social Advancement Partnership Regional Economic and Social Advancement Partnership Mission DHLM DHLM Dynamic and Healthy Labor Market Dynamic and Healthy Labor Market Goals Strategies Competitive advantage Overcome asymmetric Competitive advantage Overcome asymmetric Job creation information Job creation information VADS for VADS for innovation clusters innovation clusters LJIC LJIC Social inclusion Social inclusion VADS for VADS for the marginalized the marginalized Building RHRD cluster Building RHRD cluster Knowledge workforce and vocational ability development per life cycle Knowledge workforce and vocational ability development per life cycle
Governance of VADS Departments of the government MOL LJIC One stop center Project Application Metropolitan RESAB Financial Support RIS Evaluation & audit Project & Policy Review LCC KCC ICC Project Development Project Development Project Development Wide-area, City RESAB LJIC One stop center LJIC One stop center LCC KCC ICC County RESAB LCC
Functions of LJIC : Individual Individual LS LS VAD VAD JB Counseling Counseling CP CP TB TB Business Business VAT VAT One-Stop Service Center
Four Stages of Vocational Ability Development per Life-cycle Polytechnic Polytechnic colleges colleges Workers Workers Universities Universities Ordinary & technical high school Junior Junior colleges colleges Aged (Retired) Aged (Retired) Basic workforce Basic workforce development development Job training Job training centers centers
Vision and Strategy of RHRD Cluster Vision and Application Contents VISION * International standard of knowledge competitiveness by fostering knowledge workforce * Building system enabling everyone to develop vocational ability Mission Build RHRD cluster 3Cs Strategies Customization, Competitiveness, Collaboration Governance Knowledge Competitiveness Council (KCC) Build closely-knit system of cooperation of RHRD (vertical and horizontal) and realize 3Cs Basic Workforce Committee Build and implement strategy for fostering basic competencies for knowledge workforce Council of colleges Cooperation among colleges, industry-academia and educational institutions per level and realization of 3Cs Council of universities Realize 3Cs by building a vision university for building a system of cooperation among universities
Establishment of a Vision University and Phases of Intra-regional Integration between Universities HIGH 5.Joint Degrees Phases of Integration 4.Educational Integration 3.Educational Cooperation 2.One Common Course Catalogue LOW 1.Web site LOW Form of Cooperation HIGH
VADS per Life-Cycle: Conceptual Chart for Employee Job Skills Development Application for VAD grants VAD grants HRD certification FLC FLC Labor-mag’t Labor-mag’t partnership partnership IP IP MOE, MOL, MOE, MOL, MOCIE, SMBA MOCIE, SMBA Support specialized project Prospectus for specialized project Academia industry partnership Tuition (including VAD grants) HRD Cluster HRD Cluster Univ., Colleges, Univ., Colleges, Vocational ability development training center training center VAD demand information HRD report VAT, Consulting, VAD program information LJIC LJIC VAD demand information VAD program information
VADS per Life-Cycle: Conceptual Chart of VADS for Retired, Middle-age/Elderly Application for VAD grants VAD coupon IP IP MOL, MOHW MOL, MOHW Payment for coupon VAD coupon VAD coupon Retired Retired Middle-age & Middle-age & Elderly person Elderly person Vocational ability development VAD demand information HRD report VAT, Counseling, VAD program information LJIC LJIC HRD Cluster HRD Cluster Univ., Colleges, Univ., Colleges, training center training center VAD demand information VAD program information
VADS for Innovation Cluster: GALIC Model for Innovation Clusters Factors of Success Contents & Functions Actors, Basic Principle Governing organization which establishes and executes vision/strategy/policy Networking & partnership VP Provide cluster vision, foster knowledge workforce, R&D provide (basic & source technology) Univ., Research Institutes, other HR Institutes IP Create innovation milieu, provide infra to support VP & PP, provide mngt. & legal services (SP), provide capital (CP) Gov., Local gov., Financial Institute, NGO, Venture Capital, Mngt Support Center PP Producer of goods & services Firms, Core/linked firms, forward/backward linkage effect SO Establishment and integration of role & function of innovation actors Univ., Local gov., Core firms, RIS etc. Governance Actors' Partnership
VADS for Innovation Cluster: GALIC Model for Innovation Clusters Localization A local unit of economic activity, grouped together in close proclivity to ensure easy geographical access to uses and actors External effect, specialization effect based on division of labor, minimization of transaction costs based on division of labor Innovation Milieu Culture of learning & exchange, culture of competition & cooperation, entrepreneur spirit, culture of innovation Spread of innovation and synergistic effect, RIS, NGO Cluster Convergency Convergence of industrial cluster, Principles of division of labor and RHRD cluster and R&D specialization, network effect, clusters, convergence of forward/backward linkage effect technology
VIPS Model Partnership between Actors of Innovation VADS for Innovation Cluster: VP VP SO SO IP IP (CP,SP) (CP,SP) PP PP
VADS for Innovation Cluster: New Company Creation Model IP(SP) VP VP Univ. (knowledge Univ. (knowledge workforce, R&D) workforce, R&D) Company R&D Company R&D Public R&D Public R&D Individual ideas Individual ideas (Know-how of business & Marketing, Patent application) SO Connect (VP, SP, CP, IP) PP PP (New Company (New Company Creation)) Creation IP(CP) (Grants, Engel, Venture Capitals, Public Funds, Foundations)
VADS for Innovation Cluster: Cluster Convergency Model Industry Cluster Industry Cluster Forward & backward network, Related industry R&D Cluster R&D Cluster A-A network Cooperation between academia & industry Cluster Cluster Convergency Convergency RHRD Cluster RHRD Cluster A-A network Cooperation between academia & industry
VADS for the Marginalized: Conceptual Chart of Job Skills Development for Irregular Workers Application for VAD grants VAD coupon IP IP MOL MOL Payment for coupon VAD coupon VAD coupon Company Company Irregular worker Irregular worker Vocational ability development VAD demand information HRD report VAT, Counseling, VAD program information HRD Cluster HRD Cluster Univ., Colleges, Univ., Colleges, training center training center VAD demand information LJIC LJIC VAD program information
VADS for the Marginalized: Conceptual Chart of Job Skills Development for the Unemployed VAD coupon Unemployed Unemployed Vocational ability development Report unemployed status VAD demand information HRD report Coupon, VAT, Counseling, VAD program information LJIC LJIC HRD Cluster HRD Cluster Univ., Colleges, Univ., Colleges, training center training center VAD demand information Payment for coupon VAD program information Coupon
Conclusion RESAP as New Vision for Competitiveness and Social Inclusion RESAPF – Regional Governance Initiatives (Innovation, Bottom-up) – Economic Advancement (Competitiveness) & Social Inclusion – Partnership between the Actors of Innovation Governance of RESAP: RESAB – KCC (Knowledge Competitiveness Council) – ICC (Innovation Cluster Council ) – LCC (Learning Commuinity Council) Dynamic & Healthy Labor Market, LJIC VADS – VADS per Life-cycle and Strategies for Fostering Knowledge Workforce – Importance of the Innovation Cluster and Its VADS – VADS for the Vulnerable and Social Inclusion
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