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Reprod.system1

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Information about Reprod.system1
Education

Published on March 9, 2014

Author: salasiahyahaya

Source: slideshare.net

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Chapter 31 A&P

Introduction The function of the reproductive system is human reproduction. Human reproduction results from the union of a female sex cell and a male sex cell.

Female reproductive system The Vagina Hallow, pear shaped muscular organ. Located in the anterior portion of the pelvic cavity. Three areas of the uterus: Body Isthmus Neck or cervix

Female reproductive system Fallopian Tubes Also called uterine tubes or oviducts Found laterally on either side of the uterus Move the ovum from the ovaries to the uterus

Female reproductive system Ovaries Located on either side of the uterus Attached to the uterus by the ovarian ligament Produce ova and hormones

Female reproductive system The Vagina A musculomembranous tube that extends from the uterus to the vestibule. Functions of the uterus include: Copulation Passageway for discharge of menstruation Birth canal

Female reproductive system Vulva consists of 5 organs that comprise the external female genitalia: Mons pubis Labia majoria Labia minoria Vestibule Clitoris The area between the vulva and the anus is the perineum.

Female reproductive system Breasts Mammary glands Provide milk for infants Prolactin stimulates the production of milk Menstrual Cycle The onset is called menarche. Cessation is called menopause. Repeats approximately every 28 days

Male reproductive system Purpose is to provide sperm cells to the ovum. Consists of the following: Testes and ducts Urethra Accessory glands; bulbourethral, prostate and seminal vesicles Accessory sex organs; scrotum and penis

Male reproductive system External organs External organs consist of the scrotum and the penis. Scrotum contains smooth muscle fibers that contract, allowing for viability of the spermatozoa.

Male reproductive system Internal Organs Testes (gonads)-site of development of the male reproductive cells & the hormone testosterone Epidydymis- coiled tube 13-20 feet in length, ends at the ductus deferens; maturation of sperm cells.

Male reproductive system Ductus deferens- vas deferens, it is the excretory duct of the testes Seminal vesicles- store sperm and produce semen. Prostate gland-lies below the bladder and secretes fluid into the semen.

Male reproductive system Bulbourethral gland- secrete mucous secretion into the seminal fluid before ejaculation. Urethra- extends from the bladder to the urethral orifice (meatus)

Prostate cancer warning signs The following are some potential prostate cancer warning signs or signs of BPH: incomplete emptying of the bladder dribbling difficulty starting urination reduced force of the stream frequent urination of small amounts pain with urination ejaculation pain blood in the urine

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