report to UNAIDS may12

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Information about report to UNAIDS may12
Travel-Nature

Published on March 30, 2008

Author: Margot

Source: authorstream.com

UNDP/UNAIDS/ALTERLAW project on HIV/AIDS & HR:  UNDP/UNAIDS/ALTERLAW project on HIV/AIDS & HR In 2004, the Regional Representative for Asia-Pacific of the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) has launched a project on “HIV/AIDS and Human Rights in Asia Pacific” in partnership with UNAIDS Secretariat and UNAIDS Co-Sponsors.:  In 2004, the Regional Representative for Asia-Pacific of the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) has launched a project on “HIV/AIDS and Human Rights in Asia Pacific” in partnership with UNAIDS Secretariat and UNAIDS Co-Sponsors. Experts meeting on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights [Bangkok, March 2004]::  Experts meeting on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights [Bangkok, March 2004]: Develop recommendations on how governments could better address the human rights issues relating to HIV/AIDS. In consultation with vulnerable groups, i.e., PLHA, injecting drug users, male and female sex workers, men who have sex with men, children, women, mobile populations and ethnic minorities. In the Philippines, the Alternative Law Research and Development Center (ALTERLAW) was tasked to::  In the Philippines, the Alternative Law Research and Development Center (ALTERLAW) was tasked to: coordinate and document the country-level consultation on HIV/AIDS Law, Ethics and Human Rights develop a case study to assist the UNAIDS/OHCHR’s efforts in identifying and documenting country-specific best practices. help strengthen follow-up advocacy efforts, and underscore the importance of protecting and promoting human rights in the fight against HIV/AIDS.:  help strengthen follow-up advocacy efforts, and underscore the importance of protecting and promoting human rights in the fight against HIV/AIDS. These two outputs are expected to The project had two major activities::  The project had two major activities: 1National Consultation on HIV/AIDS, Law, Ethics and Human Rights, which was held last March 11-12 at the Bayview Plaza Hotel in Manila. The results of the consultation were inputted to the regional experts meeting in Bangkok. Specifically, the country-level consultation aimed to: Slide7:  develop recommendations for governments in addressing HIV/AIDS-related human rights issues; raise awareness and understanding of the pattern of human rights issues relating to HIV/AIDS and focus on the importance of protecting and promoting human rights in the fight against HIV/AIDS; identify practical ways to integrate the recommendations into advocacy, training and guidance given to governments, to support their efforts in dealing with HIV/AIDS. 2 Case study on the legal helpline or the Philippine HIV/AIDS Legal Support Network (PALS-Net). :  2 Case study on the legal helpline or the Philippine HIV/AIDS Legal Support Network (PALS-Net). Specifically, the PALS-Net case study included an initial look into the legislative reforms, legal/paralegal interventions, to the mobilization and participation of people living with HIV/AIDS in human rights advocacy and education. For purposes of this presentation, only the consultation report shall be discussed in the project results below.:  For purposes of this presentation, only the consultation report shall be discussed in the project results below. project results: EMERGING ISSUES: STIGMA & DISCRIMINATION VS. VULNERABLE GROUPS:  project results: EMERGING ISSUES: STIGMA & DISCRIMINATION VS. VULNERABLE GROUPS In the workplace:  In the workplace Immediate termination of employment upon company’s knowledge of employee’s HIV status Commercial sex workers are treated as offenders, not victims Results of tests of applicants for overseas work are directly sent to their recruiters violating the right to confidentiality. At school:  At school Children of parents identified as HIV+ are denied admission into schools. Amerasian children are required to undergo HIV antibody testing unofficially. Travel and habitation:  Travel and habitation Compulsory testing in receiving countries. If found positive, HIV+ is immediately deported. Children up for adoption overseas are required to submit results of HIV antibody testing. In the community:  In the community Gays are objects of ridicule, and are subjected to cruel jokes and beatings. They are also seen as drug addicts. Injecting drug users are treated as offenders, not victims. No community-based services for HIV/AIDS-related cases. Community views commercial sex workers as carriers of HIV/AIDS virus. Families of HIV+ are persecuted in the community, and cause family breakups. Exclusion from credit & insurance services:  Exclusion from credit & insurance services Companies have no written policy regarding HIV/AIDS-related cases. Death certificates indicating HIV/AIDS-related deaths are used by insurance companies as grounds to deny insurance services, in spite of updated payments to them. In hospitals and health institutions:  In hospitals and health institutions Inadequate facilities for HIV/AIDS cases. ARV and other medication for HIV/AIDS is expensive. Medical charts indicating HIV status of patient is prominently displayed in the hospital ward. Medical practitioners (hospital staff) leak information to the media and/or other people who had contact with a patient if that patient is known by them to be HIV+. In hospitals and health institutions:  In hospitals and health institutions Denial of Burial Services Even licensed embalmers who were trained in how to handle HIV/AIDS cases refuse to handle corpses of HIV+. Without consulting the family, corpses are immediately and automatically transferred, without proper authorization, to expensive funeral parlors, and are not released without full payment for services rendered. Government agencies:  Government agencies In lining up for HIV antibody testing, people, specifically OFWs, already feel stigmatized. Government agencies, specifically DSWD, assume that children of HIV+ are also HIV+. ARV treatments are not included in the essential drugs list – therefore a lot of obstacles bar the way for less expensive treatments to be made available in the country. Private sector :  Private sector In HIV testing centers, results are subjects of gossip even before the knowledge of the client. Pre-test and post-test counseling is inadequate or lacking. NGOs/private organizations who conduct social research fail to verify/update data and violate confidentiality by giving enough of a description in specific case studies to identify which PLHA is being discussed. Media:  Media Sensationalism of HIV/AIDS-related news items lead to violation of the right to privacy of HIV+. PLHAs are portrayed as dangerous, and are thus persecuted in their communities. Specific violations of human rights committed VS. vulnerable groups:  Specific violations of human rights committed VS. vulnerable groups right against compulsory testing right to pre and post-counseling right to education right to confidentiality right to safe practices and procedures right to social protection RECOMMENDATIONS:  RECOMMENDATIONS For government::  For government: For the Philippine National AIDS Council Monitor and ensure the implementation of RA 8504 and its IRR in all its member agencies. Policy development::  Policy development: Institutionalize budget for HIV/AIDS-related programs and projects. Create specific mechanisms to facilitate access to ARV/OI drugs, addressing issues of customs tax, importation procedures, distribution, and budgetary requirements. Re: immediate deportation: Establish protocols to ensure humane treatment of those identified as HIV+. Promote the right to work, negate the view that HIV+ are unfit for work. Law reform::  Law reform: Enact anti-discrimination bills for the benefit of the vulnerable groups. Legalization and promotion of needle and syringe exchange programs. Repeal laws criminalizing the possession, distribution and dispersing of needles and syringes. Law reform::  Law reform: HIV/AIDS-related laws and issuances should be popularized into local dialects. Actors in the judicial system should be educated on RA 8504 and tasked to monitor and ensure compliance with the provisions within their concerns. HIV/AIDS affects not only the HIV+ individual, but also their families. HIV/AIDS-related cases should thus be tackled in the Family Court. Program interventions::  Program interventions: Monitor and ensure the implementation of HIV/AIDS education in schools. Teachers should have adequate training regarding the teaching of HIV/AIDS-related subjects in schools. School administrators should be educated on the provisions of RA 8504 and should be tasked to monitor and ensure compliance in their own respective schools. HIV/AIDS education should be included in the curricula at all levels. Program interventions::  Program interventions: Explore the possibility of setting up specific vulnerable groups’ desk at the local government levels, e.g., MSM desk, PIP desk, Migrants’ desk, IDU desk. Educate foreign service personnel on HIV/AIDS & migration issues. Program interventions::  Program interventions: Create specific reintegration programs for HIV+ OFWs, including employment options, access to treatment, etc. Program interventions::  Program interventions: Community support must be established. Improve health care delivery services for both PLHAs and vulnerable groups. Local AIDS Councils must be established via an ordinance at the local levels, to ensure continued budget support for local programs. Establish halfway homes for asymptomatic PLHAs at the local level, utilizing local resources to complement care and support. Increase community participation in providing care and support for PLHAs and vulnerable groups. For UN bodies::  For UN bodies: Support State programs and regional programs specifically on HIV/AIDS and migration. Monitor implementation of GIPA principles. For the media::  For the media: Educate themselves on the human rights of vulnerable groups and PLHAs. Change their attitudes and behavior towards these vulnerable groups from treating them as news items to treating them as humans with basic human rights. For AIDS Service Organizations::  For AIDS Service Organizations: Collaborate/establish partnerships, replicating programs and projects proven successful in reducing stigma, discrimination and vulnerability to HIV/AIDS. Strengthen organizations of vulnerable groups. Conduct treatment literacy programs for PLHAs/affected families/friends and vulnerable groups. For AIDS Service Organizations::  For AIDS Service Organizations: Create referral systems to support rights awareness and access to justice of vulnerable groups. Tap and organize legal support groups who could provide assistance to PLHAs and vulnerable groups. Establish partnerships at the national and local levels to promote programs for PLHAs and vulnerable groups, e.g., capability building, treatment literacy, counseling and temporary sheltering. PROJECT RECOMMENDATIONS:  PROJECT RECOMMENDATIONS 1Conduct follow-up field research, including ocular visits and key informant interviews with focus on vulnerable groups situations specifically in relation to HIV/AIDS.:  1Conduct follow-up field research, including ocular visits and key informant interviews with focus on vulnerable groups situations specifically in relation to HIV/AIDS. 2 Compile Philippine laws and issuances concerning HIV/AIDS, PLHAs, disabled persons, and vulnerable groups towards broadening the national framework of the country’s HIV/AIDS responses to include these aforementioned groups.:  2 Compile Philippine laws and issuances concerning HIV/AIDS, PLHAs, disabled persons, and vulnerable groups towards broadening the national framework of the country’s HIV/AIDS responses to include these aforementioned groups. 3 Promote and support the establishment and maintenance of the PALS-Net as a legal referral system/resource center to include government officials, lawyers, resource persons, media personalities, and paralegals from PLHAs, their families, and vulnerable groups, towards creating a supportive and enabling environment against actual instances of stigmatization and discrimination. :  3 Promote and support the establishment and maintenance of the PALS-Net as a legal referral system/resource center to include government officials, lawyers, resource persons, media personalities, and paralegals from PLHAs, their families, and vulnerable groups, towards creating a supportive and enabling environment against actual instances of stigmatization and discrimination. 4 Explore ways and means on how to address the issue of HIV/AIDS as a development issue and not merely as a public health concern.:  4 Explore ways and means on how to address the issue of HIV/AIDS as a development issue and not merely as a public health concern. 5 Conduct studies on how to setup/establish mechanisms for redress of grievances committed against PLHAs and vulnerable groups, focusing on how to resolve the issue of confidentiality vis-à-vis stigmatization and discrimination.:  5 Conduct studies on how to setup/establish mechanisms for redress of grievances committed against PLHAs and vulnerable groups, focusing on how to resolve the issue of confidentiality vis-à-vis stigmatization and discrimination. Prepared by Alternative Law Research & Development Center, Inc. (ALTERLAW) May 2004:  Prepared by Alternative Law Research & Development Center, Inc. (ALTERLAW) May 2004

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