Published on February 19, 2014
YOUNG ADULTHOOD YOUNG ADULTHOOD
EMERGING ADULTHOOD - Period between late teens and mid- to late 20s when individuals are not adolescents but are not yet fully adults.
Exploration of career, self-identity and commitments. Biological and Physiological development trends peak. Brain development continues in different ways. Risk for certain mental problems peaks.
Role Transition Is movement into the next stage of development marked by assumption of new responsibilities and duties.
Cross-Cultural Evidence of Role Transitions
Rites Of Passage Rituals marking initiation into adulthood, often among the most important ones in a culture.
Rites of passage to adulthood are connected with religious rituals
Marriage is the most important rite of passage to adulthood in most cultures
Tribal cultures mark the transition to adulthood in public ways so that the whole community witnesses it
Role Transitions in Western Cultures
Becoming a Parent
Some components of role transitions in Western Culture: Going to College
Going to College Students start acting and thinking like adults because of advances in intellectual development and personal and social identity. Much of this developmental changes occurs through social interaction.
Returning adult students College students over age 25. Implies that these individual have already reached adulthood. Tend to be problem solvers, self-directed, may have increased stress due to work-family-school conflict, and have relevant life experiences that they can integrate with their course work.
So when do people become adults? - There is no definite answer. The transition depends on numerous cultural and psychological factors. - Challenges faced by many adults in their 20s have been termed as “ quarterlife crisis ” - Adjustment to adulthood is more difficult when the process of transition is less clear.
Physical Development and Health
Growth, Strength, and Physical Functioning Strength, muscle development,coordination, dexterity and sensory acuity. Most of these abilities begin to decline in middle age.
Health Status Young adults are also at the peak of health Death from disease is rare during 20s Accidents are the leading cause of death Poverty is also a major barrier to good health
Aspects that affect young adults' health
Smoking is the biggest contributor to health problems. One is never too old to quit smoking.
For most people, drinking alcohol poses few health risks. *Binge Drinking – type of drinking defined for men as consuming 5 or more drinks in a row and for women as consuming 4 or more drinks in a row. *Addiction – physical dependence on a substance like alcohol
Nutrition Nutritional needs change somewhat during adulthood, mostly due to changes in metabolism. Metabolism – how much energy the body needs
Nutrition The ratio of LDLs (Low-Density Lipoproteins-chemicals that cause fatty deposits to accumulate in arteries, impeding blood flow) to HDLs (High-Density Lipoproteins-chemicals that help keep arteries clear and break down LDLs) in serum cholesterol, which can be controlled through diet or medication, is an important risk factor of cardiovascular disease.
Body Mass Index (BMI) Ratio of body weight and height and is related to total body fat You can compute BMI as follows: BMI = w/h² Where: w – weight in kg h – height in meters
Issues in Health
Socioeconomic Status The two most important social factors in health are socioeconomic status and education. The poorest health conditions exist for African Americans living in poor, inner city neighborhoods. Other ethnic groups with limited access to health care also suffer. Higher education is associated with better health and more knowledge about proper diet and lifestyle.
Gender Whether women or men are healthier is difficult to answer because women have been excluded from much health research.
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