Repaso Midterm Español 3

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Information about Repaso Midterm Español 3

Published on December 10, 2007

Author: clarrotta

Source: slideshare.net

Spanish 3 Kimberly Parker

Culture Present tense of regular verbs Stem-changing in the present tense Irregular yo form Preterite tense of regular verbs Verbs with spelling changes in the preterite Verbs with stem changes in the preterite Irregular preterites Vocabulary

Culture

Present tense of regular verbs

Stem-changing in the present tense

Irregular yo form

Preterite tense of regular verbs

Verbs with spelling changes in the preterite

Verbs with stem changes in the preterite

Irregular preterites

Vocabulary

Mural Desfile Independencia Guayabera La calle ocho

Mural

Desfile

Independencia

Guayabera

La calle ocho

Honduras El Salvador Costa Rica Baja California

Honduras

El Salvador

Costa Rica

Baja California

Puerto Rico La Habana República Dominicana

Puerto Rico

La Habana

República Dominicana

Uruguay Chile Los Andes Argentina

Uruguay

Chile

Los Andes

Argentina

Toledo Galicia Cataluna Bilbao

Toledo

Galicia

Cataluna

Bilbao

Venezuela Colombia Bolivia Perú Ecuador

Venezuela

Colombia

Bolivia

Perú

Ecuador

AR - o - as - a - amos - áis - an ER - o - es - e - emos - éis - en IR o es e imos ís en

AR

- o

- as

- a

- amos

- áis

- an

ER

- o

- es

- e

- emos

- éis

- en

IR

o

es

e

imos

ís

en

e->ie Pensar P ie nso P ie nsas P ie nsa Pensamos Pensáis P ie nsan o->ue Dormir D ue rmo D ue rmes D ue rme Dormimos Dormís D ue rmen e ->i Pedir P i do P i des P i de Pedimos Pedís P i den

e->ie

Pensar

P ie nso

P ie nsas

P ie nsa

Pensamos

Pensáis

P ie nsan

o->ue

Dormir

D ue rmo

D ue rmes

D ue rme

Dormimos

Dormís

D ue rmen

yo tú Caer caigo caes Hacer hago haces Poner pongo pones Salir salgo sales Traer traigo traes Valer valgo vales - Verbs with a spelling change: c->zc Conocer cono zc o conoces - Other verbs irregular in the yo form: Dar doy das Saber sé sabes Ver veo ves

yo tú

Caer caigo caes

Hacer hago haces

Poner pongo pones

Salir salgo sales

Traer traigo traes

Valer valgo vales

- Verbs with a spelling change: c->zc

Conocer cono zc o conoces

- Other verbs irregular in the yo form:

Dar doy das

Saber sé sabes

Ver veo ves

-ar -er -ir habl ar com er viv ir hablé comí viví habló comió vivió hablamos comimos vivimos hablasteis comisteis vivisteis hablaron comieron vivieron Rembember that -er and -ir verbs have the same ending in the preterite.

-ar -er -ir

habl ar com er viv ir

hablé comí viví

habló comió vivió

hablamos comimos vivimos

hablasteis comisteis vivisteis

hablaron comieron vivieron

Rembember

that -er and

-ir verbs have

the same

ending in the

preterite.

c->qu g->gu z->c Busc ar lleg ar almozc ar Bus qu é lle gu é almor c é Buscaste llegaste almorzaste Buscó llegó almorzó Buscamos llegamos almorzamos Buscasteis llegasteis almorzasteis Buscaron llegaron almorzaron

c->qu g->gu z->c

Busc ar lleg ar almozc ar

Bus qu é lle gu é almor c é

Buscaste llegaste almorzaste

Buscó llegó almorzó

Buscamos llegamos almorzamos

Buscasteis llegasteis almorzasteis

Buscaron llegaron almorzaron

-ir verbs with stem changes in the preterite e->i or o->u S e nt ir D o rm ir sentí dormí sentiste dormiste s i ntió d u rmió sentimos dormimos sentisteis dormisteis s i ntieron d u rmieron

-ir verbs with stem changes in the preterite

e->i or o->u

S e nt ir D o rm ir

sentí dormí

sentiste dormiste

s i ntió d u rmió

sentimos dormimos

sentisteis dormisteis

s i ntieron d u rmieron

T en er Estar Andar T uv e est uv e and uv e T uv iste est uv iste and uv iste T uv o est uv o and uv o T uv imos est uv imos and uv imos T uv isteis est uv isteis and uv isteis T uv ieron est uv ieron and uv ieron P o der P o ner S a ber P u de p u se s u pe P u diste p u siste s u piste P u do p u so s u po P u dimos p u simos s u pimos P u disteis p u sisteis s u pisteis P u dieron p u sieron s u pieron H a cer V e nir Q ue rer H i ce v i ne q ui se H i ciste v i niste q ui siste H i zo v i no q ui so H i cimos v i nimos q ui simos H i cisteis v i nisteis q ui steis H i cieron v i nieron q ui sieron D ec ir Traer Produ c ir D ij e tra j er produ j e D ij iste tra j iste produ j iste D ij o tra j o produ j o D ij imos tra j imos produ j imos D ij isteis tra j isteis produ j isteis D ij ieron tra j eron produ j eron Ser and Ir Fui Fuiste Fue Fuimos Fuisteis Fueron Dar Ver D i v i D i ste v i ste D i o v i o D i mos v i mos D i steis v i steis D i eron v i eron

T en er Estar Andar

T uv e est uv e and uv e

T uv iste est uv iste and uv iste

T uv o est uv o and uv o

T uv imos est uv imos and uv imos

T uv isteis est uv isteis and uv isteis

T uv ieron est uv ieron and uv ieron

P o der P o ner S a ber

P u de p u se s u pe

P u diste p u siste s u piste

P u do p u so s u po

P u dimos p u simos s u pimos

P u disteis p u sisteis s u pisteis

P u dieron p u sieron s u pieron

Common –ar verbs: Acampar – to camp Bailar – to dance Desear – to desire Ganar – to win Llamar – to call Common –ir verbs: Abrir – to open compartir – to share Insistir – to insist recibir – to receive Vivir – to live Common –er verbs: Common –er verbs Aprender – to learn Comer – to eat Correr – to run Leer – to read Common stem changing verbs: Cerrar (e-ie) – to close Llover (o-ue) – to rain Pensar (e-ie) – to think Recordar (o-ue) – to remember Sentarse (e-ie) – to sit down Common reflexive verbs: Afeitarse – to shave Ducharse – to take a shower Lavarse – to wash oneself Peinarse – to comb one’s hair Ponerse – to put on Common verbs with irregular yo form: caer – to fall conocer – to know o ír – to hear salir – to leave valer – to be worth Common preterite stem-changing verbs: caer – to fall conducir – to drive dormir – to sleep preferir – to prefer sentir – to feel Common spelling-change preterite verbs: Almorzar – to have lunch Buscar – to look for Cruzar – to cross Llegar – to arrive Sacar – to play Common irregular preterite verbs: andar – to walk estar – to be ir – to go ser – to be ver – to see

Common –ar verbs:

Acampar – to camp

Bailar – to dance

Desear – to desire

Ganar – to win

Llamar – to call

Common –ir verbs:

Abrir – to open

compartir – to share

Insistir – to insist

recibir – to receive

Vivir – to live

Common –er verbs:

Common –er verbs

Aprender – to learn

Comer – to eat

Correr – to run

Leer – to read

Common stem changing verbs:

Cerrar (e-ie) – to close

Llover (o-ue) – to rain

Pensar (e-ie) – to think

Recordar (o-ue) – to remember

Sentarse (e-ie) – to sit down

Common reflexive verbs:

Afeitarse – to shave

Ducharse – to take a shower

Lavarse – to wash oneself

Peinarse – to comb one’s hair

Ponerse – to put on

Common verbs with irregular yo form:

caer – to fall

conocer – to know

o ír – to hear

salir – to leave

valer – to be worth

Common preterite stem-changing verbs:

caer – to fall

conducir – to drive

dormir – to sleep

preferir – to prefer

sentir – to feel

Common spelling-change preterite verbs:

Almorzar – to have lunch

Buscar – to look for

Cruzar – to cross

Llegar – to arrive

Sacar – to play

Common irregular preterite verbs:

andar – to walk

estar – to be

ir – to go

ser – to be

ver – to see

Ser vs. Estar Imperfect Tense Present and Perfect Tenses Vocabulary

Ser vs. Estar

Imperfect Tense

Present and Perfect Tenses

Vocabulary

Ser To identify people and things To express possession With de to express origin and to say what something is made of To express time and date To tell where or when an event takes place To describe unchanging characteristics, such as color, nationality, size, physical characteristics, personality. Estar To express location to express a state or condition, such as health, emotions, or feelings. To form the present progressive you can often use ser and estar with the same adjectives, but with a difference in meaning. Soy Somos Eres Es Son Estoy est á mos Est á s Est á est á n

Ser

To identify people and things

To express possession

With de to express origin and to say what something is made of

To express time and date

To tell where or when an event takes place

To describe unchanging characteristics, such as color, nationality, size, physical characteristics, personality.

Estar

To express location

to express a state or condition, such as health, emotions, or feelings.

To form the present progressive

-Ar -er -ir Habl ar com er viv ir Habl aba com í viv ía Habl abas com ías viv ías Habl aba com ía viv ía habl ábamos com íamos viv íamos Habl abais com íais viv íais Habl aban com ían viv ían Ir Ser Ver to go to be to see Iba era veía Ibas eras veías Iba era veía Ibamos éramos veíamos Ibais erais veíais Iban eran veían

-Ar -er -ir

Habl ar com er viv ir

Habl aba com í viv ía

Habl abas com ías viv ías

Habl aba com ía viv ía

habl ábamos com íamos viv íamos

Habl abais com íais viv íais

Habl aban com ían viv ían

Hablar Habl ado Comer Com ido Vivir Viv ido He habl ado hemos habl ado Has habl ado hab éis habl ado Ha habl ado han habl ado Irregular Past Participles : Abrir – abierto decir – dicho Hacer – hecho poner – puesto Romper – roto volver – vuelto Cubrir – cubierto escribir – escrito Morir – muerto resolver – resuelto Ver – visto Past Perfect of Hablar Había habl ado habíamos habl ado Habías habl ado habíais habl ado Había habl ado habían habl ado you form the past perfect almost the same way as the present perfect, but you use the imperfect form of haber instead. In both the present perfect and past perfect , you place object pronouns before the forms of the verb haber.

Hablar Habl ado

Comer Com ido

Vivir Viv ido

He habl ado hemos habl ado

Has habl ado hab éis habl ado

Ha habl ado han habl ado

Irregular Past Participles :

Abrir – abierto decir – dicho

Hacer – hecho poner – puesto

Romper – roto volver – vuelto

Cubrir – cubierto escribir – escrito

Morir – muerto resolver – resuelto

Ver – visto

Personality: Comprensivo- understanding Desagradable- unpleasant Fiel- faithful Mimado- spoiled Modesto- modest Physical Appearance: La barba- beard La cola de caballa- ponytail El flequillo- bangs El lunar- beauty mark La pecas- freckles Ya sabes: Amable- nice Impaciente- impacient Obediente- obedient Paciente- pacient Sociable- sociable Comparisons: a differencia de- as contrasted with Lo bueno/lo malo- the good thing/the bad thing Lo mejor/peor- the best/worst Por otro lado- on the other hand Semejante de- similar to Interactions: Compartir- to share Discutir- to discuss, to argue Hacerle caso a- to obey, to pay attention to Influir- to influence Respetar- to respect

Personality:

Comprensivo- understanding

Desagradable- unpleasant

Fiel- faithful

Mimado- spoiled

Modesto- modest

Physical Appearance:

La barba- beard

La cola de caballa- ponytail

El flequillo- bangs

El lunar- beauty mark

La pecas- freckles

Ya sabes:

Amable- nice

Impaciente- impacient

Obediente- obedient

Paciente- pacient

Sociable- sociable

Comparisons:

a differencia de- as contrasted with

Lo bueno/lo malo- the good thing/the bad thing

Lo mejor/peor- the best/worst

Por otro lado- on the other hand

Semejante de- similar to

Interactions:

Compartir- to share

Discutir- to discuss, to argue

Hacerle caso a- to obey, to pay attention to

Influir- to influence

Respetar- to respect

Verbs Like Gustar Por and Para The Future Tense Future Tense to Express Probability Vocabulary

Verbs Like Gustar

Por and Para

The Future Tense

Future Tense to Express Probability

Vocabulary

You already know many verbs that are used like gustar: Encantar - Quedarle bien Faltar - Quedarle mal Fascinar - importar Molestar - Interesar You most often use verbs like gustar with the indirect object pronouns me, te, le, nos, os, and les to express your and others’ reactions to things.

You already know many verbs that are used like gustar:

Encantar - Quedarle bien

Faltar - Quedarle mal

Fascinar - importar

Molestar - Interesar

You most often use verbs like gustar with

the indirect object pronouns me, te, le, nos, os, and les to express your and others’ reactions to things.

Por: The idea of passing through General rather than specific location How long something lasts The cause of something An exchange Doing something in place of or instead of something else A means of transportation Through Around For Because of In my place By Para: For whom something is done Destination The purpose for which something is done To express an opinion To contrast or compare To express the idea of a deadline For To In order to By

Por:

The idea of passing through

General rather than specific location

How long something lasts

The cause of something

An exchange

Doing something in place of or instead of something else

A means of transportation

Through

Around

For

Because of

In my place

By

Para:

For whom something is done

Destination

The purpose for which something is done

To express an opinion

To contrast or compare

To express the idea of a deadline

For

To

In order to

By

2 ways to talk about the future You can use: ir + a + infinitive You can use the present tense when the context makes it clear that you are talking about the future. You can also use the future tense. You form the future tense by adding a special set of endings to the infinitive. Comer- to eat Comeré Comeremos Comerás Comeréis Comerá Comerán All verbs have the same ending in the future tense. With some verbs, you have to change the form of their infinitive slightly before adding the future tense endings. Infintive: Future stem: Decir dir- Hacer har- Poner pondr- Salir saldr- Tener tendr- Valer valdr- Venir vendr- Poder podr- Querer querr- Saber sabr- The future of hay is habrá. You still use the same future tense endings.

2 ways to talk about the future

You can use: ir + a + infinitive

You can use the present tense when the context makes it clear that you are talking about the future.

You can also use the future tense. You form the future tense by adding a special set of endings to the infinitive.

Comer- to eat

Comeré Comeremos

Comerás Comeréis

Comerá Comerán

All verbs have the same

ending in the future tense.

With some verbs, you have to change the form of their infinitive slightly before adding the future tense endings.

Infintive: Future stem:

Decir dir-

Hacer har-

Poner pondr-

Salir saldr-

Tener tendr-

Valer valdr-

Venir vendr-

Poder podr-

Querer querr-

Saber sabr-

The future of hay is habrá.

You still use the same future

tense endings.

You can use the future tense to speculate about what might occur or what others are doing. When used this way, the future tense implies that you are wondering about an event or guessing whether or not it has occurred. Marcos ya no quiere jugar al fútbol los sábados. ¿Por qué será? Marcos does not want to play soccer on Saturdays any more. What could be the reason for that? Tendrá novia. He probably has a girlfriend. - ¿ De veras? ¿Quién será? Really? I wonder who it might be.

You can use the future tense to speculate about what might occur or what others are doing. When used this way, the future tense implies that you are wondering about an event or guessing whether or not it has occurred.

Marcos ya no quiere jugar al fútbol los sábados.

¿Por qué será?

Marcos does not want to play soccer on Saturdays any more.

What could be the reason for that?

Tendrá novia.

He probably has a girlfriend.

- ¿ De veras? ¿Quién será?

Really? I wonder who it might be.

Fashion: Destacarse- to stand out La moda- fashion, style Suelta- loose La temporada- season, period of time El vestuario- wardrobe Items: El bolso- shoulder bag La cadena- chain El llavero- keychain La medalla- medallion El prenedor- pin Likes and Dislikes: Caer bien/mal- to like/dislike Detestar- to hate Formidable- great Genial- wonderful Horrible- horrible Materials: El color claro- pastel El cuero- leather El fleco- fringe La lana- wool La seda- silk Ya sabes: Ancho- wide Flojo- loose Oscuro- dark Un par de- a pair of las rayas- stripes Talk about pastimes: Acampar- to camp Hacer alpinismo- to go hiking Navegar en tabla de vela- to windsurf Pescar en alta mar- to go deep-sea fishing Volar en planeador- to hang-glide

Fashion:

Destacarse- to stand out

La moda- fashion, style

Suelta- loose

La temporada- season, period of time

El vestuario- wardrobe

Items:

El bolso- shoulder bag

La cadena- chain

El llavero- keychain

La medalla- medallion

El prenedor- pin

Likes and Dislikes:

Caer bien/mal- to like/dislike

Detestar- to hate

Formidable- great

Genial- wonderful

Horrible- horrible

Materials:

El color claro- pastel

El cuero- leather

El fleco- fringe

La lana- wool

La seda- silk

Ya sabes:

Ancho- wide

Flojo- loose

Oscuro- dark

Un par de- a pair of

las rayas- stripes

Talk about pastimes:

Acampar- to camp

Hacer alpinismo- to go hiking

Navegar en tabla de vela- to windsurf

Pescar en alta mar- to go deep-sea fishing

Volar en planeador- to hang-glide

Nota Cultural: El algunas ciudades de Estados Unidos, se le da el nombre de barrio a zonas urbanas donde hay una gran poblaci ó latina. La gente allí mantiene vivos las tradiciones y el idioma de su país origen. Los apodos (nicknames) son comunes en la cultura latina. Muchas veces el apodo viene del nombre de la persona. Algunos ejemplos son: Chicos: Antonio=Toño, Toni Guillermo= Memo Roberto= Beto Chicas: Graciela=Chela Isabel=Chabela Mercedes= Mercha, Meche Refran: Cada cabeza es un mundo. Aunque la mona se vista de seda, mona se queda. - Poco a poco se va lejos. Tambi én se dice: Aunque en la mayoría de los países latinoamericanos se dice sudadera, en España se usa la palabra chándal. Apoyo para estudiar: Express future plans or events: -Generally you will use ir + a + infinitive or the present tense to express the future where intention is strong and the event will happen soon. The future tense is ofton associated with plans, predictions, or events that are less certain.

Nota Cultural:

El algunas ciudades de Estados Unidos, se le da el nombre de barrio a zonas urbanas donde hay una gran poblaci ó latina. La gente allí mantiene vivos las tradiciones y el idioma de su país origen.

Los apodos (nicknames) son comunes en la cultura latina. Muchas veces el apodo viene del nombre de la persona. Algunos ejemplos son:

Chicos:

Antonio=Toño, Toni

Guillermo= Memo

Roberto= Beto

Chicas:

Graciela=Chela

Isabel=Chabela

Mercedes= Mercha, Meche

Refran:

Cada cabeza es un mundo.

Aunque la mona se vista de seda, mona se queda.

- Poco a poco se va lejos.

Tambi én se dice:

Aunque en la mayoría de los países latinoamericanos se dice sudadera, en España se usa la palabra chándal.

Apoyo para estudiar:

Express future plans or events:

-Generally you will use ir + a + infinitive or the present tense to express the future where intention is strong and the event will happen soon. The future tense is ofton associated with plans, predictions, or events that are less certain.

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