Regulating To Promote Connectivity

50 %
50 %
Information about Regulating To Promote Connectivity
Technology

Published on January 26, 2009

Author: coconutwireless

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Presentation delivered by Laurie Sherman @ PTC '09

Regulating to Promote Connectivity and ICT Readiness E-Government Satellite Applications Workshop PTC 09 January 18, 2009 Laura B. Sherman [email_address]

What is ICT Readiness? Degree to which an economy is prepared to participate in the digital economy Composed of national policies, level of technological development, regulatory practices, educational levels, quality of infrastructure Five broad areas covering access, applications and confidence Network Access Networked Learning Networked Society Networked Economy Network Policy

Degree to which an economy is prepared to participate in the digital economy

Composed of national policies, level of technological development, regulatory practices, educational levels, quality of infrastructure

Five broad areas covering access, applications and confidence

Network Access

Networked Learning

Networked Society

Networked Economy

Network Policy

Network Access Access to communications network is fundamental to e-readiness Looking at ability to access internet because it provides global platform for both data and voice services Access is determined by Availability and affordability of network Quality and speed Availability of hardware and software Customer service Success is principally market driven

Access to communications network is fundamental to e-readiness

Looking at ability to access internet because it provides global platform for both data and voice services

Access is determined by

Availability and affordability of network

Quality and speed

Availability of hardware and software

Customer service

Success is principally market driven

Elements of Network Access Network Infrastructure Teledensity Fixed line competition Availability of alternative networks (fixed, wireless), satellite, cable TV Foreign ownership limits Availability of Internet Access Number of ISPs – extent of competition Type of access (dial-up, DSL) Pricing – flat rate, per minute or hourly fees Speed and quality of network Hardware and software Customs duties and taxes (VAT) Competitive sales channels Access to computers Availability of local hardware/software Customer service – installation and repair times

Network Infrastructure

Teledensity

Fixed line competition

Availability of alternative networks (fixed, wireless), satellite, cable TV

Foreign ownership limits

Availability of Internet Access

Number of ISPs – extent of competition

Type of access (dial-up, DSL)

Pricing – flat rate, per minute or hourly fees

Speed and quality of network

Hardware and software

Customs duties and taxes (VAT)

Competitive sales channels

Access to computers

Availability of local hardware/software

Customer service – installation and repair times

Reducing Prices for International Connectivity Huge disparity in broadband costs around the world – from 2.2% a month of gross national income to 96% Tied to lack of access to international network capacity Restricted capacity and high prices decrease incentive to invest in all types of activities – transmission, content, education, etc Only two solutions – submarine cables and satellites Increasing number of submarine cables is expensive and slow Satellites are already available so increasing access is a matter of regulatory changes

Huge disparity in broadband costs around the world – from 2.2% a month of gross national income to 96%

Tied to lack of access to international network capacity

Restricted capacity and high prices decrease incentive to invest in all types of activities – transmission, content, education, etc

Only two solutions – submarine cables and satellites

Increasing number of submarine cables is expensive and slow

Satellites are already available so increasing access is a matter of regulatory changes

Increasing Satellite Network Access Characteristics of Satellite Networks Satellite signals illuminate large geographical areas Blind to national boundaries Able to reach remote physical locations Can reach end users without in-country infrastructure (except receivers) Extremely useful for tele-education and tele-medicine Provide infrastructure for access to government services Enables immediate connectivity in times of disaster

Characteristics of Satellite Networks

Satellite signals illuminate large geographical areas

Blind to national boundaries

Able to reach remote physical locations

Can reach end users without in-country infrastructure (except receivers)

Extremely useful for tele-education and tele-medicine

Provide infrastructure for access to government services

Enables immediate connectivity in times of disaster

What is an Open Skies Policy? Accommodates the maximum number of satellite systems possible Allows local service providers to choose any satellite system that provides needed geographical coverage Does not require re-licensing of satellite systems authorized elsewhere Focuses licensing on local service provider not the satellite operator Treats foreign satellite systems the same as domestic systems

Accommodates the maximum number of satellite systems possible

Allows local service providers to choose any satellite system that provides needed geographical coverage

Does not require re-licensing of satellite systems authorized elsewhere

Focuses licensing on local service provider not the satellite operator

Treats foreign satellite systems the same as domestic systems

Implementing an Open Skies Policy ELIMINATE Local entity/local presence requirements It is not feasible to establish a presence in every market within satellite footprint Concerns can be addressed through local post address Foreign ownership limitations of satellite licensees Forcing satellite operator to form joint venture to provide service means that only the largest markets have a chance of being served Capitalization requirements for satellite licensees and performance bonds If the satellite system is in orbit, the largest capital expenditure has been made Licensing of the satellite system if it has already been authorized by another administration

ELIMINATE

Local entity/local presence requirements

It is not feasible to establish a presence in every market within satellite footprint

Concerns can be addressed through local post address

Foreign ownership limitations of satellite licensees

Forcing satellite operator to form joint venture to provide service means that only the largest markets have a chance of being served

Capitalization requirements for satellite licensees and performance bonds

If the satellite system is in orbit, the largest capital expenditure has been made

Licensing of the satellite system if it has already been authorized by another administration

Implementing an Open Skies Policy Adopt application fees and annual fees that reflect the actual cost of satellite regulation Adopt transparent, non-discriminatory authorization procedures Licensing procedures should not discriminate based on the owner of the satellite system Permit satellites to operate before the ITU coordination process has finished Exempt satellite consumer terminals from customs duties and duplicative testing and type approval License satellite consumer terminals as a class, not individually

Adopt application fees and annual fees that reflect the actual cost of satellite regulation

Adopt transparent, non-discriminatory authorization procedures

Licensing procedures should not discriminate based on the owner of the satellite system

Permit satellites to operate before the ITU coordination process has finished

Exempt satellite consumer terminals from customs duties and duplicative testing and type approval

License satellite consumer terminals as a class, not individually

Addressing Social and Security Concerns If the satellite operator has a direct customer relationship, consumer protection is important Can be addressed by requiring registered agent or condition license on agreement to submit to local jurisdiction for resolution of consumer complaints Security concerns can be addressed FSS -- focus on uplink provider MSS – through dialogue with the satellite operator Requiring installation of a gateway or other local technical facilities is costly and unnecessary

If the satellite operator has a direct customer relationship, consumer protection is important

Can be addressed by requiring registered agent or condition license on agreement to submit to local jurisdiction for resolution of consumer complaints

Security concerns can be addressed

FSS -- focus on uplink provider

MSS – through dialogue with the satellite operator

Requiring installation of a gateway or other local technical facilities is costly and unnecessary

Conclusion -- National ICT policy framework built on infrastructure Source: UNCTAD (2003) E-Commerce and Development Report UNCTAD presentation April 26, 2007

Source: UNCTAD (2003) E-Commerce and Development Report UNCTAD presentation April 26, 2007

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

The role of microRNAs in regulating neuronal connectivity

The role of microRNAs in regulating neuronal connectivity ... miR-132 Promote axon outgrowth p250 GTPase-activating protein Vo etal. (2005)
Read more

Peace Through Economic Connectivity? | International Peace ...

Peace Through Economic Connectivity ... can also help to promote greater understanding ... interests and facilitating or regulating ...
Read more

Regulation of synaptic connectivity by glia : Nature ...

Regulation of synaptic connectivity by glia. ... for example regulating extracellular K ... Oxytocin and estrogen promote rapid formation of functional ...
Read more

Axonal Kainate Receptors Modulate the Strength of Efferent ...

Axonal Kainate Receptors Modulate the Strength of Efferent Connectivity by Regulating ... regulating presynaptic ... promote efferent connectivity by ...
Read more

North Miami Beach - citynmb.com

North Miami Beach Zoning ... • Establish a heights regulating plan to ... o Promote connectivity and establish block length requirements
Read more

Role of neurotrophins in central synapse formation and ...

Role of neurotrophins in central synapse formation and ... In addition to their roles in regulating ... and NT4 can promote connectivity in the ...
Read more

The Chieh Chang Lab - Google Sites

The Chieh Chang Lab. ... The role of microRNAs in regulating neuronal connectivity. ... MIG-10/Lamellipodin and the lipid modulator AGE-1/PI3K promote axon ...
Read more

IUCN Protected Areas Case Study (South Africa)

DRAFT CASE STUDY. Connectivity Conservation Law through the Eyes of the Greater Cedarberg Biodiversity Corridor (prepared by. Dr Alexander Ross Paterson
Read more

International Telecommunication Union regulating - ITU

04/2012 Printed in Switzerland Geneva, 2012 regulating broadband prices broadband series regulatory & market environment International Telecommunication Union
Read more