Published on March 17, 2018
Historical Views of Regeneration : Historical Views of Regeneration Points to Ponder: Points to Ponder The Promise of Regeneration The Purpose of Regeneration The Problem behind Regeneration The Participants in Regeneration The Past theories of Regeneration The Process of Regeneration The Promise of Regeneration: The Promise of Regeneration The Promise of Regeneration: The Promise of Regeneration Promised in the Old, Fulfilled in the New The Promise of Regeneration: The Promise of Regeneration Jer 31:33 " But this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, says the LORD : I will put My law in their minds, and write it on their hearts; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people….. For I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more." Regeneration = Forgiveness of Sin! The Purpose of Regeneration: The Purpose of Regeneration What is Regeneration?: What is Regeneration? Remade from the inside out! Is described a variety of ways in scripture but has to do with the change and renewal of one’s heart. New Birth New Creation New Life New Heart Circumcision of the Heart The Greek Word for Regeneration: The Greek Word for Regeneration Gk : Paliggenesia – παλιγγενεσία palin (again) genesis (birth) This word literally means a "new birth." The Greek word so rendered ( paliggenesia ) is used by classical writers with reference to the changes produced by the return of spring. Regeneration in the Greek Text: Regeneration in the Greek Text “ Paliggenesia ” ( παλιγγενεσία ) is only used 2 times in the Greek New Testament! Mt 19:28 And Jesus said unto them, Verily I say unto you, That ye which have followed me, in the regeneration when the Son of man shall sit in the throne of his glory, ye also shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel. (Used in reference to Christ’s reign in the Kingdom) Tit 3:5 Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration , and renewing of the Holy Ghost ; (Used in reference to Christian Baptism) The Concept of Regeneration: The Concept of Regeneration Joh 3:3-5 Except one be born anew, he cannot see the kingdom of God. . . born of water and the Spirit ! (born again = regeneration) Eph 2:1 And you He made alive , who were dead in trespasses and sins , Eph 2:4 - 6 Even when we were dead in trespasses, made us alive together with Christ 2Co 5:17 Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation ; Regeneration is Multifaceted: Regeneration is Multifaceted Alexander Campbell Regeneration is, therefore , moral and physical : or, in other words, there is now a renovation of the mind- -of the understanding , will , and affections ;--and there will hereafter be a renovation of the body : "For this corruptible body shall put on incorruption, and this mortal body shall put on immortality." (The Christian System p 336) The Problem behind Regeneration: The Problem behind Regeneration What we ALL Agree on?: What we ALL Agree on? The Real Culprit is . . . Sin! But . . . How we view “sin” will impact our view of Regeneration! To Sin or not to Sin?: To Sin or not to Sin? View 1 Sin is a Curse Original Sin SIN DESTROYS ABILITY Fall brought spiritual death Man has no ability God must facilitate directly Regeneration focuses on providing mankind the Faculty View 2 Sin is a Choice No Original Sin SIN DESTROYS RELATIONSHIP Fall brought physical death Man has ability and choice Man needs a plan to follow Regeneration focuses on providing man a plan for Forgiveness Participants in Regeneration? : Participants in Regeneration? Two Sources of Empowerment: Two Sources of Empowerment Monergism God works through the Holy Spirit to bring about the salvation of an individual through spiritual regeneration, apart from man’s cooperation . Synergism Salvation involves some form of cooperation between some kind of divine action and human freedom . Two Conflicting Theories God Alone God + Man Past theories of Regeneration?: Past theories of Regeneration? Four Major Historic Views: Four Major Historic Views These views are nuanced These views are sometimes blended These views represent a spectrum of thought All of these views are problematic Four Major Historic Views: Four Major Historic Views Augustinianism Pelagianism Semi- Pelagianism Baptismal Regeneration The Foggy Continuum!: The Foggy Continuum! Monergism Synergism Man Totally Depraved Man not Depraved Less Human Responsibility More Human Responsibility Early Extremes!: Early Extremes! Augustine vs. Pelagius The Foggy Continuum!: The Foggy Continuum! Monergism Synergism Totally Depraved Partially Depraved Less Human Responsibility More Human Responsibility Augustine of Hippo (354-430): Augustine of Hippo (354-430 ) Augustinianism Influenced by Manichaeism / Dualism God controls ( ie : causes) everything MAN IS DEAD IN SIN! Regeneration MUST precede faith Unless the mercy of God in calling precedes, no one can even believe and so begin to be justified and to receive power to do good works (Augustine, To Simpl . II.7) Augustinianism says . . .: Augustinianism says . . . We Sin because we are Sinners! A Dead Man can Do Nothing! An Augustinian Speaks: An Augustinian Speaks R.C. Sproul (Augustinian/Calvinist) The reason we do not cooperate with regenerating grace before it acts upon us and in us is because we can- not. We cannot because we are spiritually dead. MANKIND IN TOTAL DEPRAVITY MAN UNABLE TO COOPERATE GOD REGENERATES ALLOWING FAITH MAN ABLE TO HAVE FAITH MAN ABLE TO OBEY SIN IS INEVITABLE MAN PREDESTINED The Foggy Continuum!: The Foggy Continuum! Monergism Synergism Totally Depraved Not Depraved Less Human Responsibility More Human Responsibility Pelagius (354-420): Pelagius (354-420) Pelagianism Man NOT Depraved Adam’s sin only hurt himself MAN IS NOT DEAD IN SIN! Faith is possible without divine aid Sinlessness is possible Accused of a “works only” salvation! Pelagianism Says . . .: Pelagianism Says . . . We are Sinners because we Sin!!! A Pelagian Speaks: A Pelagian Speaks Charles Finney ( Pelagian ) Both Christians and sinners have the same powers and faculties both of mind and body, and therefore sinners do not need any new faculties if they would use those which they already possess, in the manner which God requires them to be used . BORN SPIRITUALLY ALIVE FAITH = FREEWILL DECISION POINT OF SYNERGISM SIN IS POSSIBLE REGENERATION EFFECTED SALVATION CONDITIONAL The Foggy Continuum!: The Foggy Continuum! Monergism Synergism Totally Depraved Not Depraved Less Human Responsibility More Human Responsibility Semi-Pelagianism: Semi- Pelagianism John Cassian (d440) “Compromise” between Augustinianism and Pelagianism . MAN IS PARTLY DEAD IN SIN! God does not predestine individuals Man has Faith and THEN God gives Grace! Semi-Palagianism Says . . .: Semi- Palagianism Says . . . The Miracle Maxim: “There’s a BIG difference between mostly dead and ALL dead!” A Semi-Pelagian Speaks . . .: A Semi- Pelagian Speaks . . . Man is drowning God throws the rope Man grabs rope Man can let go if he wants God drags him in IF he holds on! PARTLY DEAD IN SIN BARELY ALIVE BUT CAN REACH OUT IN FAITH SIN IS PROBABLE REGENERATION EFFECTED SALVATION CONDITIONAL The Foggy Continuum!: The Foggy Continuum! Monergism Synergism Totally Depraved Partially Depraved Less Human Responsibility More Human Responsibility Sacramentalism: Sacramentalism Baptismal Regeneration Catholic, Anglican, Lutherans Original Sin present MAN INHERITS ORIGINAL SIN ! Regeneration via Sacrament of Baptism Further Grace via other sacraments Baptism first gives a person the supernatural life, whereas the other sacraments provide for the restoration, or growth, or healing, or communication of the supernatural life. Sacramentalism Says . . . : Sacramentalism Says . . . Certain “acts” have power within themselves to bestow saving grace. A type of Semi- Augustianism The ACT of baptism “itself” regenerates. Baptism is primary among the sacraments . A Sacramentalist Speaks!: A Sacramentalist Speaks! Holy Baptism is the basis of the whole Christian life, the gateway to life in the Spirit (vitae spiritualis ianua ), and the door which gives access to the other sacraments . (Catholic Catechism) ALL BORN DEAD IN SIN REGENERATED VIA BAPTISM CONTINUAL GRACE via SACAMENTS Reformation Period Teaching: Reformation Period Teaching John Calvin vs. Jacobus Arminius The Foggy Continuum!: The F oggy Continuum! Monergism Synergism Totally Depraved and Partially Depraved but Dead Mostly Dead Partly Alive Less Human Responsibility More Human Responsibility John Calvin (1509-1564) : John Calvin (1509-1564) Stop and smell the TULIP Augustinianism revisited! T otal Hereditary Depravity U nconditional Election L imited Atonement I rresistible Grace P erseverance of the Saints French Theologian Consented to the murder of Michael Servetus who had been convicted of heresy! Jacobus Arminius (1560-1609): Jacobus Arminius (1560-1609) The TULIP stinks! Original Sin MAN IS DEAD IN SIN ! God gives “Prevenient Grace.” The elect are therefore predestined to sonship through adoption, glorification, and eternal life Charles Wesley proponent of Arminius! MAN DEAD IN SIN PREVENIENT GRACE FAITH IS ENABLED REGENERATION EFFECTED Theories of Regeneration: Theories of Regeneration So which is right? Augustinianism Pelagianism Semi Pelagianism Baptismal Regeneration NONE OF THESE! Theories of Regeneration: Theories of Regeneration Why are none of these optional? Unscriptural view of “original sin.” Original Sin is a Theological Myth based on Materialism Unscriptural view of “ monergism ” and “synergism.” Obedience is incorrectly seen as being meritorious Unscriptural view of the Holy Spirit Negates the “way” the Holy Spirit operates through the Word. Unscriptural view of the Gospel. Virtually negates the power of the Gospel The Process of Regeneration: The Process of Regeneration Regeneration is the whole process of renovating or new-creating man! ( A. Campbell) Regenerative Birth Process: Regenerative Birth Process The Bestowing Stage Lk 8:11 The seed is the Word of God Ro 10:17 So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God . Mr 16:15 And He said to them, "Go into all the world and preach the gospel to every creature . 16 "He who believes and is baptized will be saved; but he who does not believe will be condemned. Regenerative Birth Process: Regenerative Birth Process The Begetting Stage 1Co 4:15 For though ye have ten thousand instructors in Christ, yet have ye not many fathers: for in Christ Jesus I have begotten you through the gospel. 1Pe 1:23 Having been begotten again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, through the word of God , which liveth and abideth . (ASV) Jas 1:18 Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures. When a man believes the gospel, and with meekness receives it into a good and honest heart, he is then begotten of God, and is prepared to be born ( Brents ). Regenerative Birth Process: Regenerative Birth Process The Birthing Stage Joh 3:3-5 Jesus answered and said unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except one be born anew, he cannot see the kingdom of God. . . born of water and the Spirit! Tit 3:5 Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration , and renewing of the Holy Ghost; Born of Water Bath of Regeneration Baptism All the Greek Fathers, did regard baptism as the consummating act; and therefore they call it teliosis , the consummation. (Christian System) Regenerative Birth Process: Regenerative Birth Process All the means of salvation are means of enjoyment, not of procurement . Birth itself is not for procuring, but for enjoying the life possessed before birth. So in the analogy--no one is to be baptized, or to be buried with Christ; no one is to be put under the water of regeneration for the purpose of procuring life, but for the purpose of enjoying the life of which he is possessed. But let no man think that in the act of being born, either naturally or metaphorically, the child purchases, procures, or merits either life or its enjoyments . He is only by his birth placed in circumstances favorable to the enjoyment of life, and all that makes life a blessing . ' (A. Campbell, Christian System) Regenerative Birth Process: Regenerative Birth Process Just as . . . Seed is planted Seed germinates and sprouts Seed produces fruit . . . . being born is only the last act in natural generation, and the last act in regeneration .” ( A.Campbell ) Regenerative Birth Process: Regenerative Birth Process Regeneration is the whole process of renovating or new-creating man! (A. Campbell) Step 1: Begotten 1. Word of God is the Seed (Lk 8:11, 1Pet 1:23) 2. Begotten by the Word of Truth (Jas 1:18) 3. Germinates via Faith (Rom 10:17) Step 2: Born of Water and Spirit 1. Baptized into Christ (Gal 3:27) 2 . A child MUST be born to enjoy “life.” 3. The Spirit is the environment in which one grows. 4. The Word is Spirit/Life ( Jn 6:63) 5. We walk in the Spirit via the Word Conclusion: Conclusion Regeneration is not a “point” it is a “process.” It is NOT that which enables man to obey but the process by which one DOES obey! The Seed Principle is the means of regeneration. Life is planted when the Word is received by good and honest hearts. This leads to the new birth and a regenerated life! Slide52: End Footnote 1: Footnote 1 Augustine’s 4 major beliefs : The Omnipotence Doctrine ( ie : Imperial Myth) God never reacts. He causes/controls everything The Goodness Doctrine God is perfectly good. The Imperial Edict Doctrine It is impossible for any act to go unnoticed by God The Sin Doctrine All human actions come from selfish motives. All guilty Footnote 2: Footnote 2 But let no man think that in the act of being born, either naturally or metaphorically, the child purchases, procures, or merits either life or its enjoyments. He is only by his birth placed in circumstances favorable to the enjoyment of life, and all that makes life a blessing. ' (A. Campbell, Christian System) Consequently, being born of water and the renewing of the Holy Spirit are not works of merit or of righteousness, but only the means of enjoyment (A. Campbell, Christian System) Footnote 3: Footnote 3 Is sin a curse or is sin a choice? View 1: All of Adam’s race is dead in sin and to manifest His glory God regenerates and saves ONLY those HE chooses! “Lazarus could not resurrect himself.” View 2: Man is separated from God by sin and thus God provides a remedial system so that man can choose to be saved! “ “Lazarus was unconscious, sinners aren’t.” Footnote 5: Footnote 5 Assists the willing! Arminius Charles Wesley Irresistible Grace vs. Resistible Grace Destroys the will! Augustine Calvin Sproul Footnote 6: Footnote 6 Two Conflicting Paradigms regarding faith God must work BEFORE man can have faith! Man must have faith BEFORE God can work! God Regenerates Man has Faith God Regenerates Man has Faith AND THEN AND THEN Footnote 7: Footnote 7 Man once had, now has, and always will have: Free Will & Free Won’t Cain and Abel still had “free will AND free won’t” even though Adam and Eve were their parents! They did NOT inherent depravity! An Important Parallel: An Important Parallel Tit 3:5 Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration ( παλιγγενεσία ), and renewing of the Holy Ghost; Washing of Regeneration = Born of Water Joh 3:3-5 Jesus answered and said unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except one be born anew, he cannot see the kingdom of God. . . born of water and the Spirit!