Reading, writing, and research in the digital age

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Information about Reading, writing, and research in the digital age

Published on November 1, 2013

Author: PewInternet

Source: slideshare.net

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Kathryn Zickuhr will discuss reading, writing, and research in the digital age at the edUi 2013 plenary talk.

Reading, writing, and research in the digital age Kathryn Zickuhr Research Associate November 4, 2013 edUi 2013 @kzickuhr | @pewinternet | @pewresearch

About the Pew Research Center • Non-partisan “fact tank” in Washington, DC, made up of seven projects • Does not promote specific technologies or make policy recommendations More: pewresearch.org @pewresearch @pewinternet November 4, 2013 www.pewinternet.org 2

The Internet: A brief history November 4, 2013 www.pewinternet.org 3

Internet use over time % of adults ages 18+ who go online, 1995-present 85% (2013) 90% 80% 70% 50% 60% (2000) 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 14% (1995) 0% November 4, 2013 www.pewinternet.org 4

72% of online adults (and 80% of online teens) use social network sites 100% 80% 80 87 68 60% 49 40% 29 20% 0% 12-17 November 4, 2013 18-29 30-49 www.pewinternet.org 50-64 65+ 5

The rise of mobile Cell phones: • 91% of adults (78% of teens) Smartphones: • 56% of adults (37% of teens) Tablets: • 34% of adults (23% of teens) November 4, 2013 www.pewinternet.org 6

Mobile is the needle; social is the thread How information is woven into our lives Mobile technology… Social network sites… Always with us Surround us with information through our many connections Makes information accessible anytime and anywhere Connect us to strong & weak ties Puts information & connections at our fingertips Provide instant feedback, meaning, and context Magnifies the demand for timely information (on-demand) Makes information locationsensitive November 4, 2013 Allow us to shape and create information ourselves and amplify others’ messages www.pewinternet.org 7

How Americans find and share news and information in the digital age November 4, 2013 www.pewinternet.org 8

Digital grows as a source for news % of respondents who got news “yesterday” from each platform 80% 70% 60% TV Radio Newspaper Online Any Digital News 50% 40% 30% 20% 50% say internet is a main source for news 10% 0% 1991 November 4, 2013 1994 1997 2000 2003 2006 State of the News Media 2013 2009 2012 stateofthemedia.org 9

News and information 50% of American adults cite the internet as a main source for national and international news • 71% of adults under 30 say the internet is a main news source (vs 55% who cite television) 23% of adults get news on at least two mobile devices • Info-snacking and just-in-time information Social media, while an increasing part of the digital news experience, is not often a main source of news (though it’s more of a source if you’re mobile) November 4, 2013 pewinternet.org / journalism.org 10

News and information More: stateofthemedia.org November 4, 2013 pewinternet.org / journalism.org 11

“Does anyone still read books?”

Book reading by age group Among readers, the % in each age group who read a book in print or an e-book in the past year (2012) Print E-books 100% 94% 91% 80% 91% 90% 85% 60% 40% 41% 28% 20% 31% 23% 20% 0% 16-17 November 4, 2013 18-29 30-49 libraries.pewinternet.org 50-64 65+ 13

Which is better for these purposes, a printed book or an e-book? Among those 16+ who read both a print book & an e-book in the past year (2011) Print E-books 100% 80% 83% 81% 73% 69% 60% 53% 40% 43% 45% 35% 20% 25% 19% 9% 0% Reading with Sharing with a child others November 4, 2013 Reading in bed Having a wide selection libraries.pewinternet.org Reading while traveling 13% Get books quickly 14

E-books beyond e-readers Among people who read e-books, the % in each age group who read their e-books on the following devices (2011) 16-29 30+ 60% 55% 50% 40% 46% 41% 38% 30% 25% 20% 26% 23% 16% 10% 0% Cell phone November 4, 2013 Desktop or laptop E-reader libraries.pewinternet.org Tablet 15

What do these changes mean for educational and cultural institutions? November 4, 2013 www.pewinternet.org 16

How Americans use libraries 56% of Americans 16+ used a library in the past year • 53% visited in person • 25% used website Books, browsing, librarians are still central, both in how people use libraries and in their conception of libraries …but technology is also a common use and a high priority More: libraries.pewinternet.org November 4, 2013 libraries.pewinternet.org 17

Public priorities for libraries Very important Somewhat important Librarians to help find info 80 16 Borrowing books 80 15 Free access to computers/internet 77 18 Quiet study spaces 76 19 Programs & classes for children, teens 74 21 Research resources like databases 73 20 67 Job/career resources 63 Free events/activities 30 49 Free public meeting spaces 0 November 4, 2013 22 20 libraries.pewinternet.org 36 40 60 80 100 18

Should libraries… Should definitely do Should maybe do Should definitely not do 85 Coordinate more with schools 11 2 82 Free literacy programs Separate spaces for different services 61 Have more comfortable spaces 14 3 27 59 28 53 Offer more e-books 36 20 Move stacks out of public locations 0 14 34 41 Make MOST services automated 12 39 42 Move MOST library services online 5 38 43 Help users digitize own materials 9 30 47 More interactive learning experiences 9 39 20 40 19 20 36 60 80 100

How likely would you be to use… Very likely Somewhat likely "Ask a librarian" online service Not too likely or not at all likely 37 36 26 Library app 35 Tech try-out program 35 Cell GPS app 34 28 36 Library kiosks in community 33 30 35 Personalized accounts 35 34 29 Classes on borrowing e-books 28 28 29 35 34 29 41 Pre-loaded e-readers 26 32 39 Digital media lab 26 32 40 Classes on e-readers 23 0 28 20 40 48 60 80 100

Among the 25% of Americans who used a library website in the past year: • 82% searched the library catalog for a book, DVD, CD • 72% got basic library info (hours, location, etc.) • 62% reserved a book, DVD, CD (and 51% renewed) • 51% used an online database. • 48% looked for info about library programs & events. • 30% read book reviews / got book recommendations. • 30% checked whether they owed fines / paid fines online. • 27% signed up for library programs & events. • 22% borrowed or downloaded an e-book. • 6% reserved a meeting room. November 4, 2013 www.pewinternet.org 21

Research and writing in the digital age The good, bad, and Google “The internet makes doing research easier—easier to do well and easier to do poorly.” • Difficulties switching between informal and formal tone • . . . but also more opportunities for students to write, particularly for an audience • More information can be very useful (but also overwhelming) • Requires more sophisticated research skills from students to refine and sift through search results • Who can/should teach digital research skills? And how? November 4, 2013 www.pewinternet.org 22

So how do students conduct research in the age of Google and Wikipedia? November 4, 2013 www.pewinternet.org 23

The sources students are “very likely” to use in a typical research assignment*: • Google / search engine (94%) • Wikipedia (75%) • YouTube / social media (52%) • Their peers (42%) • Spark Notes, Cliff Notes (41%) • News sites of major news organizations (25%) • Print or electronic textbooks (18%) • Online databases such as EBSCO, JSTOR (17%) • A research librarian at school or public library (16%) • Printed books other than textbooks (12%) • Student-oriented search engines like Sweet Search (10%) * According to middle and high school AP & NWP teachers

Now what? Fewer traditional touchpoints • E-books and online services • Search engines for “short answer” questions (LMGTFY) • Awareness of services November 4, 2013 www.pewinternet.org 25

Opportunity exists between keyboard and chair November 4, 2013 www.pewinternet.org 26

Now what? Fewer traditional touchpoints • E-books and online services • Search engines for “short answer” questions (LMGTFY) • Awareness of services Convenience and connection • Social media, email, apps, websites • Personalized services, recommendations • “Digital literacy” beyond the classroom November 4, 2013 www.pewinternet.org 27

Thank you! Kathryn Zickuhr Pew Research Center Research Associate pewresearch.org pewresearch.org/internet kzickuhr@pewresearch.org November 4, 2013 edUi 2013 @kzickuhr | @pewinternet | @pewresearch

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