Reading Tables, Diagrams, Charts

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Information about Reading Tables, Diagrams, Charts

Published on February 5, 2014

Author: rhydave24



Some texts use only words to tell a story or to give information. Other texts include pictures or photographs. Still, other texts include diagrams, tables, graphs, and illustrations. Important information is shown in these visuals, so its imperative to study these graphics carefully. Graphics make complex information easier to read and understand. Different graphics are used for different purposes.

CHARTS AND GRAPHS These graphics help organize information or categorize and compare data. They come in many shapes and sizes. Generally, they use columns, lines, geometric shapes, symbols, and pictures to show the information.

TABLES Tables help represent data, especially numerical data, in an organized way. Information is presented in columns and rows. This format makes it easy to compare information over a period of time.

TIPS Read the title or heading of the visual first. This will indicate the topic of the graphic or the type of information presented. Next read all the labels on the visual. The labels tell you what each line, mark, or section on the graphic represents.

TIPS Read any other text that has been written on or around the graphic. Writers often provide short explanations for the different parts of the graphic.

• • • • • Find the facts: read the title read the labels look at the graph look at the scale. Use the facts to answer questions like these: • Who didn’t use their phone? How can you tell? • How many calls did Val make? • How many calls were made altogether? • Which two people made the same number of calls?

• • • • What was the temperature at 11 a.m.? What was the highest temperature reached? When was the highest temperature recorded? How many degrees did the temperature rise between 8 a.m. and 12 p.m.? • How many degrees did the temperature drop between 12 p.m. and 3 p.m.? • When did the temperature reach 15 °C?

Usman carried out a survey of how the students in his college group travel to college. The diagram below shows the results of his survey. Use the diagram to answer the questions.

• How many students walk to college? Remember to read the key. • How many students cycle? • How many students are there altogether in Usman’s group? • What is the most popular mode of transport? • What is the least popular mode of transport? • Which mode of transport do you use? • Write down a list of the modes of transport in order of popularity. Begin with the most popular.

Country Austria Currency Euro £1 1.37 Country Australia Currency Dollar £1 2.33 Belgium Euro 1.37 Canada Dollar 2.05 China Yuan 12.01 Cyprus Pound 0.80 Denmark Kroner 10.26 Finland Euro 1.37 France Euro 1.37 Germany Euro 1.37 Greece Euro 1.37 Holland Euro 1.37 HongKong Dollar 11.79 Indonesia Rupiahs 11934 Italy Euro 1.37 Ireland Euro 1.37 Japan Yen 177.82 Luxemburg Euro 1.37 Malta Lira 0.58 N Zealand Dollar 2.64 Norway Kroner 11.35 Portugal Euro 1.37 Spain Euro 1.37 Sweden Kroner 12.59 Turkey Lira 2053079 USA Dollar 1.51 The table shows the Tourist Exchange currency rates for 6 September 2003. The name of each country’s currency is shown in the table along with the amount of that currency which is equal to £1.

• • • • • • • • What currency do they use in Turkey? How many countries use euros? How many Canadian dollars will I get to the £? Which countries use kroner? How many Japanese yen will I get for £1? Which countries use dollars? Which country uses rupiahs? What currency is used in China?

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