rcdt 061127 04

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Published on April 16, 2008

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Slide1:  Unit 4 Sports 英语系 Slide3:  Previewing Back 奥运相关知识: 奥运精神:相互了解、友谊、团结和公平竞争(Mutual understanding, friendship, unity and fair play) 奥运会誓言目的:鼓励运动员、教练员、裁判员遵守规则,发扬体育道德精神(The Olympic oath encourages athletes, coaches and officials to observe the rules and to follow the spirit of sportsmanship) 奥运会口号:更快、更高、更强(The Slogans/motto of the Olympics is Faster, Higher, Stronger:) 奥运五环旗:奥运会旗帜由五种不同颜色构成,分别代表欧洲(天兰色)、亚洲(黄色)、非洲(黑色)、大洋洲(草绿色)、美洲(红色),其象征世界五大洲的团结,以及全世界运动员以公正、坦率的比赛和友好的精神在赛场上相见。 奥运会开幕式(The Opening Ceremony) 奥运会开幕式历来为主办国所重视,开幕式不仅要反映出奥运会精神,也要体现东道主的民族文化、风俗习惯和组织水平,更要体现主办国的热情。奥运会各参赛国运动员按照主办国语言的字母顺序列队进入主会场,东道国代表队一般最后入场。 Listening practice :  Listening practice Back Slide5:  Listen to Dialogue 1 and decode the information by ticking the correct choices in the blanks Andy and Donna are good friends. Donna is recovering from a ( bike, car, bus) accident and she still feels rather (sick, weak, sad) now. Andy comes to see Donna. Donna gives her heart-felt Listen to Dialogue 1 and decode the information by ticking the correct choices in the blanks Andy and Donna are good friends. Donna is recovering from a ( bike, car, bus) accident and she still feels rather (sick, weak, sad) now. Andy comes to see Donna. Donna gives her heart-felt Click here to listen return Slide6:  thanks to Andy for sending her a ( gift, thank-you, get-well ) card the day before. She thinks that Andy Is very ( careful, thoughtful, helpful ). She also expresses her love for the beautiful flowers Andy has brought her. These flowers are from Andy’s thanks to Andy for sending her a ( gift, thank-you, get-well ) card the day before. She thinks that Andy Is very ( careful, thoughtful, helpful ). She also expresses her love for the beautiful flowers Andy has brought her. These flowers are from Andy’s return Slide7:  (niece’s, father’s, sister’s ) garden. They are so fresh and look so nice. Donna keeps them right on the (desk, counter, table) beside her bed. When it’s time to say good-bye , Andy asks Donna to ( take a rest , take care , take leave). (niece’s, father’s, sister’s ) garden. They are so fresh and look so nice. Donna keeps them right on the (desk, counter, table) beside her bed. When it’s time to say good-bye , Andy asks Donna to ( take a rest , take care , take leave). return Slide8:  Now listen to Dialogue 2 and try to complete the following statements. 1. Tom is a ___________. 2. Tom draws the professor’s attention by saying “________________”. 3. Tom wants the professor to explain the word “ ___________ ”. student Excuse me, sir beauty return Slide9:  4. Tom asks the professor to repeat the explanation by saying “___________________? ” 5. Tom apologizes for the ___________ . I beg your pardon interruption return Slide10:    Now listen to the dialogue again and try to do the multiple choice exercise. 1. Tom and the professor are now most probably ____________. a. at a meeting b. at a party c. in the coffee room d. in the classroom d return Slide11:  b c return Slide12:  A Thank-you Letter Dear Laura, It was certainly (how?) _______kind of you and Ted to come and see me off ! I know it wasn’t (how?) ________ for you to get to the airport at such an early hour, so I do appreciate it all the more. so very easy return Slide13:  Flying over water can get rather boring (when?) __________ , and your book of detective stories was really helpful. It was sweet and thoughtful of you to think of it. The flight was uneventful and we arrived at (where?) _______ on schedule. (who?)________ came to meet me at the airport. She is on vacation in London now and she will stay with me for ( how long ?) _____________ She shared my happiness in enjoying the (what?) ________ you took for me on your beautiful farm. after a while London My sister about one week photos return Slide14:  Now I’m in my own home and I’m looking forward to receiving you here some day (when?) __________________ . We’ll have a nice time together again. My heart-felt thanks to you and Ted for (what?) ____________________ on your farm. It was such a pleasant holiday and I enjoyed ( how much?) ________________. Yours ever, Helen   in the near future the unforgettable time every minute of it return Slide15:  Key points ☆ Words and expressions 1.buildup 2.counts on 3. imagines 4. tough 5. elaborate 6. claimed 7. rivals 8. in full swing 9. eye-catching 10. In terms of 11. beyond 12. major Back Slide16:  Examples of the above key words and expressions: 1. The new movie starred by that famous actor was given a great buildup in the media. 2. The manger counts on his secretary for most affairs. 3. The man imagines that people around him don’t believe him. 4. We decided to skip the tough questions. 5. This piece of furniture has a very elaborate pattern on it. 6. He claimed to be the owner of this piece of land. return Slide17:  return 7. Susan and Betty are rivals in the study of English. 8. The party was already in full swing when we got there. 9. Many ______eye-catching changes have taken place in my hometown. 10. In terms of handwriting, he is the best among 20 pupils. 11. It is beyond expectation to pass through so many obstacles in life. 12.There are airports in all the majors cities. Slide18:  With the United States suffering its worst day at the Athens Olympics, China took the center stage as a sporting superpower on a night to remember on the athletics track. With the United States suffering its worst day…是介词With引导的介词短语,其后的分词是宾语的补语。在那个另人难以忘记的夜晚,中国已经以超级体育大国的形象,成为田径赛场上人们关注的焦点;而美国则遭遇了雅典奥运会上最惨淡的一天。 Key points: ☆ Difficult Sentences return Slide19:  Difficult Sentences return The bulk of China’s gold has come in its traditional strengths: badminton, table tennis, gymnastics, shooting and diving or in less mainstream sport that is identified as soft targets, like weight lifting. “is identified as”短语是 “被公认为”。“that is identified as soft targets”定语从句修饰 “less mainstream sport”, “soft targets”中的“soft”是口语化用法,意思是容易的。 中国的金牌主要来源于传统强项,如羽毛球、乒乓球、体操、射击、跳水以及一些被公认为容易得手但普及面较低的项目,比如举重。 Free questions :  Free questions Can you state Chinese traditional strengths in winning medals? Key: badminton, table tennis, gymnastics, shooting and diving What did Liu Xiang comment on his performance? Key: satisfying Back Slide21:  Exercises Back Exercise Directions: Read the following passage and write a summary of it by answering the questions behind it. What Is Language? A language is a signaling system which operates with symbolic vocal sounds, and which is used by a group of people for the purpose of communication. Let us look at this definition in more detail because it is language, more than anything else, that tells man from the rest of the animal world. Other animals, it is true, communicate with one another by means of cries: for example, many birds give warning calls at the coming of danger; monkeys give different cries, such as expressions of anger, fear and pleasure. But these different ways of communication differ in important ways from human language. For instance, animals’ cries are not clear. This means, basically, that they lack structure. We can change an utterance by replacing one word in it for another: for example, we can say, “He went to station.” We can change one word and say, “He went to school.” However, a bird can only give a single warning cry, which may mean “danger”. This is why the number of signals that an animal can make is very limited. And it also explains why animals’ cries are very general in meaning. Slide22:  Referenced Example: A language can be defined as a signaling system. Human language is greatly different from animals’ cries. First, Animals’ cries are not _clear, which means, they lack structure. On the other hand, we can change an utterance by replacing one world in it by another, which means human language has _structure. All in all, animals’ signals or cries are very limited ; and their meanings are very general. return Slide23:  Read the following samples of thank-you notes and congratulation cards and learn to write your own. Dear Mr. Wang, The painting you sent us for our wedding is really something special. It is hanging on our wall above the sofa (沙发) right now. We feel a Back Slide24:  special sense of gratitude to you, knowing that it will be in our family for many many generations to come. Please come over to our home soon to see how wonderful it looks on our living room wall. With love, Don and Jean return Slide25:  Key: Chinese Version of the Samples: 亲爱的王先生, 你为我们的婚礼送来的油画真是别具一格。它就挂在沙发上方的墙上。我们对你充满无限的感激之情, 因为我们明白这幅油画将会在我们家里世代传赏。请快来看看吧,这幅油画挂在我家客厅的墙壁上有多漂亮。 爱你的 邓和琼 return Slide26:  Translate the following thank-you note into Chinese. Dear Dr. Smith, Thank you very much for agreeing to write a letter of recommendation for me. I’ve appreciated your help all the more since I learned how busy you would be at the end of the term. I am enclosing a stamped envelope addressed to the graduate school of the university so that you can just drop your letter in mail. I will let you know at once if I get the scholarship. return Slide27:  Thanks again for all your kind support and understanding. Yours sincerely, Bill Miller return Slide28:  Write a short passage of about 100 words to tell a story or about an event related to the picture given. Some useful words and phrases have been provided here to help you. You may start the passage with “Tomorrow will be Thanksgiving Day. Sally is going …” return Slide29:  Translation to the Text 从奥林匹亚到长城   2004年8月27日,当刘翔赢得110米栏冠军,邢慧娜获得女子10,000米冠军的时候,中国在奥运会金牌榜的排名也飙升到前列。在那个让人难以忘怀的夜晚,中国作为一个超级体育大国的形象,在田径场上成了世界瞩目的焦点,而美国却遭遇了雅典奥运会最惨淡的一天。 中国的金牌主要来源于传统强项,如羽毛球、乒乓球、体操、射击、跳水以及一些被公认为容易得手但普及面较低的项目,比如举重。在这之前,中国人在雅典奥运会已经爆过冷门,拿到了女子网球和女子游泳冠军,但是一夜之间,在奥运会的发源地赢得两块金牌,却是了不起的成就。是刘翔使中国跨入了没有拿过金牌的领域。 Slide30:  在赢得比赛后,刘翔告诉奥林匹克通讯社,“今天中国人向世界表明他们可以像其他人跑得一样快。”在领取金牌后的记者招待会上他说:“我希望今天的结果可以让人们改变一直持有的老观念,即认为亚洲国家或者亚洲的运动员在跳栏和短跑方面不如欧洲人或者美国人。”其实一开始,刘翔是练跳高的,但是在这个周五他却以12.91米的速度平了110米栏的世界记录。与中国金牌得主的对话不可避免地转向2008年的北京奥运会。刘翔说:“届时我26岁,对任何一个运动员来说,都是一个最佳的黄金年龄。我不会错过这个机会的。”至于女子10,000米比赛,邢慧娜在冲刺时取得领先并以30分4.36秒的个人最好成绩获得金牌.她说: “没想到能拿冠军。” Slide31:  2008年北京奥运会的建设其实很早就已经全面展开了。届时的比赛将会是最精彩、组织最严谨、最有竞争的;但对于美国来说,也将会是最严峻的。美国奥委会的发言人鲍伯·科拉罗斯说:“这几乎就是备战。” 中国的倒计时开始于星期天,那一天,在雅典运动会的闭幕式上,虽然北京市长接过奥运旗帜的仪式仅仅持续八分钟,但却将古奥林匹亚和伟大的中国长城连接起来了。 Slide32:  许多国际公司已经扩大了在华投资并看好将来的回报。其他国家的运动员们也开始翘首以待了。足球对手曼彻斯特联队和皇家马德里已经到中国进行过表演赛;美国篮球协会也将于十月在中国上演有姚明和他的休斯敦火箭队的季前赛。男子网球大师赛从2005年起开始在上海进行年终冠军的争夺赛。不难想象,国家经济的发展将促进中国运动员的雄心,从而在主要国际赛事上越来越多地体现出中国人的影响。

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