R 62 Capt Sibli

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Information about R 62 Capt Sibli
Education

Published on February 20, 2014

Author: md.sibliahmed

Source: authorstream.com

PowerPoint Presentation: Armed Forces Medical Institute (AFMI) Welcome PowerPoint Presentation: Autism - an emerging problem in Bangladesh and its remedy Presented by: Capt Sibli MOBC: 75 Armed Forces Medical Institute Dhaka Cantonment, Dhaka Armed Forces Medical Institute (AFMI) INTRODUCTION : INTRODUCTION Armed Forces Medical Institute (AFMI) PowerPoint Presentation: Autism is a disorder of neural development characterized by impaired social interaction and verbal and non-verbal communication, and by restricted, repetitive or stereotyped behavior . Autism has a strong genetic basis, although the genetics of autism are complex and it is unclear. In rare cases, autism is strongly associated with agents that cause birth defects . Armed Forces Medical Institute (AFMI) PowerPoint Presentation: AIM Armed Forces Medical Institute (AFMI) To acquaint you about autism which is an emerging problem in our country and its remedy. : To acquaint you about autism which is an emerging problem in our country and its remedy. Armed Forces Medical Institute (AFMI) PowerPoint Presentation: DISCUSSION Armed Forces Medical Institute (AFMI) History: History Leo Kanner of the Johns Hopkins Hospital first used autism in its modern sense in English when he introduced the label early infantile autism in a 1943 report of 11 children with striking behavioral similarities. Armed Forces Medical Institute (AFMI) Definition: Definition Autism (sometimes called “classical autism”) is the most common condition in a group of developmental disorders known as the autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Autism is characterized by impaired social interaction, problems with verbal and nonverbal communication, and unusual, repetitive, or severely limited activities and interests. Armed Forces Medical Institute (AFMI) PowerPoint Presentation: Armed Forces Medical Institute (AFMI) Common signs of autism Armed Forces Medical Institute (AFMI) PowerPoint Presentation: No big smiles or joyful expressions by 6 months Failure to respond to own name by 12 months No babbling by 12months No back and forth gestures, such as pointing or waving by 12months No words by 16 months Any loss of speech or babbling at any age Early signs of Autism Armed Forces Medical Institute (AFMI) PowerPoint Presentation: Armed Forces Medical Institute (AFMI) a. Lack of or delay in developing spoken language. b. Stereotyped or repetitive use of language. c. Little or no eye contact. d. Lack of interest in peer relationships. e. Lack of spontaneous or make-believe play. f. Repetitive motor mannerisms e.g., hand flapping, finger- flicking, twirling objects. g. Persistent preoccupation with parts of objects. h. Inflexible adherence to specific, non-functional routines or rituals. :  a. Lack of or delay in developing spoken language. b. Stereotyped or repetitive use of language. c. Little or no eye contact. d. Lack of interest in peer relationships. e. Lack of spontaneous or make-believe play. f. Repetitive motor mannerisms e.g., hand flapping, finger- flicking , twirling objects. g. Persistent preoccupation with parts of objects. h. Inflexible adherence to specific, non-functional routines or rituals. In short the common signs of autism are as follows Armed Forces Medical Institute (AFMI) PowerPoint Presentation: Several other conditions are common in children with autism Armed Forces Medical Institute (AFMI) Classification: Classification Armed Forces Medical Institute (AFMI) PowerPoint Presentation: Armed Forces Medical Institute (AFMI) Causes of autism: Causes of autism Armed Forces Medical Institute (AFMI) Frequency of autism : Frequency of autism Armed Forces Medical Institute (AFMI) PowerPoint Presentation: Doctors rely on a core group of behaviors to alert them to the possibility of a diagnosis of autism. These behaviors are: a. Impaired ability to make friends with peers b. Impaired ability to initiate or sustain a conversation with others c. Absence or impairment of imaginative and social play d. Stereotyped , repetitive, or unusual use of language e. Restricted patterns of interest that are abnormal in intensity or focus f. Preoccupation with certain objects or subjects g. Inflexible adherence to specific routines or rituals Diagnosis Armed Forces Medical Institute (AFMI) PowerPoint Presentation: There is no cure of autism. Most professionals agree that the earlier the intervention the better is the outcome. Treatment of Autism Armed Forces Medical Institute (AFMI) PowerPoint Presentation: Armed Forces Medical Institute (AFMI) PowerPoint Presentation: The number of autistic children is alarmingly increasing in Bangladesh, but these children with special abilities are deprived of their rights as the government initiatives to support them are inadequate. These children are also neglected by society and often by their own families as people in general do not have much knowledge about autism and how to take care of an autistic child. There are no statistics on their population but the number is increasing at schools for Them. The situation is worse outside the capital as most of the schools for autistic children the number of which is not very high-are mostly Dhaka-based. Armed Forces Medical Institute (AFMI) "So far around 30 centres are there to support autistic children and 22 of them are in the capital," "The number of autistic children in Bangladesh will be more than 100,000," as there are a huge number of unidentified children who are autistic. Setting up a common autism-friendly curriculum for the education of such children is very necessary. A 2007 study reported that 67 million people around the world were autistic. : " So far around 30 centres are there to support autistic children and 22 of them are in the capital ," " The number of autistic children in Bangladesh will be more than 100,000," as there are a huge number of unidentified children who are autistic. S etting up a common autism-friendly curriculum for the education of such children is very necessary. A 2007 study reported that 67 million people around the world were autistic. Armed Forces Medical Institute (AFMI) PowerPoint Presentation: Armed Forces Medical Institute (AFMI) Recommendations Armed Forces Medical Institute (AFMI) PowerPoint Presentation: Armed Forces Medical Institute (AFMI) PowerPoint Presentation: Conclusion Armed Forces Medical Institute (AFMI) PowerPoint Presentation: Armed Forces Medical Institute (AFMI) PowerPoint Presentation: Armed Forces Medical Institute (AFMI) PowerPoint Presentation: Armed Forces Medical Institute (AFMI)

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