Published on March 10, 2014
Using textual evidence is like making a sandwich: the more you add to it, the better it becomes.
What a Quote Sandwich or Paraphrase Panini aims to accomplish: Gives specific textual evidence to prove the thesis; Incorporates the information into a paragraph in an organized way; Provides the who, what, when, where, why, and how of the information so that the reader fully understands the information
How to assemble a Quote Sandwich/paraphrase panini: 1. After the topic sentence, The top layer provides context for the information: who wrote/said the text? What are the person’s credentials? where was the text first published or When was the text first published or said? said? Ex. In his 2013 editorial in the reno gazette-journal, Chris Murray wrote these words comparing the first gay professional football player with the first africanamerican professional football player:
The center of THE SANDWICH A full quote contains exact words inside quotation marks, followed by a parenthetical reference. A paraphrase is someone’s ideas in your words, followed by a parenthetical reference. A partial quote contains both exact words in quotation marks and someone’s ideas in words and is followed by a parenthetical reference. always use a parenthetical reference for otheer people’s ideas!
Analysis: the bottom layer OF THE SANDWICH After the parenthetical reference, it’s time for Why is the quote or paraphrase important? it change someconnect with How does the quote or prove the thesis—or both? Does thing or something? paraphrase thesis point or the why the quote is important and how it connects with the thesis point and thesis are as important as the quotes and paraphrases themselves.
Another way migration was hard was by having to leave sentimental things behind. There were many people that had to get up and leave with just the clothes they had on and the money in their wallets. It was dangerous to carry many things with since it slowed them down, tired them out more, and made them more vulnerable to being robbed, even killed. According to Saira Alimohammed, a survivor of this turbulent time, “People still tried to bring what they could bring like beds, bikes, etc. That way many people were robbed and killed. There was very little chance of survival if you had large amounts of luggage. All your jewelry, property, cars, land and nearly everything was lost forever”(Interview 1). Since many things were nearly impossible to move, they had to forget about them. They had to give up the houses their families had lived in for generations and start their life all over again. Instead of improving life, the border change seemed to make it worse. Precious items left behind symbolized their loss.
YOUR PARAGRAPHS CAN CERTAINLY INCLUDE INFORMATION FROM MORE THAN ONE SOURCE, BUT MAKE SURE THAT YOU ALWAYS INCLUDE THE WHO*, WHAT*, WHERE*, WHEN*, WHY, HOW. *AFTER THE FIRST TIME USE ONLY LAST NAME OR ARTICLE TITLE (IF NO AUTHOR). ALWAYS, ALWAYS, ALWAYS INCLUDE HOW AND WHY