Published on February 17, 2014
Putting Stress in its Place
What is stress? Stress: emotional and physical response to pressure. Stress: an organism's total response to environmental demands or pressures Stress: interactions between persons and the environment that are perceived as straining or exceeding adaptive capacities or threatening well-being.
Who has stress in America? • • • • One million absences per day due to stress Nearly half have burnout impeding function Stress increasing for Millenials (18-33) – also depression and anxiety One fourth of all the drugs prescribed in the United States go to the treatment of stress.
We need some stress???
Causes of stress • • • • Survival Stress - "fight, fright or flight“ Internal Stress - worrying • Perfection syndrome • Responsibility syndrome Environmental Stress - noise, crowding, work or family. Fatigue and Overwork - working too much or too hard • Workload (46%), People issues (28%), Work/Life Balance (20%) Lack of Job Security (6%) • Time management • Arm disease Collect what applies to you
People have different responses to stress • • • We do not all interpret each situation in the same way. Because of this, we do not all call on the same resources for each situation We do not all have the same resources and skills.
Responses to stress differ by Personality Physical strength General health Self concept Knowledge Self awareness
Starting with self-awareness Discuss with a few people near you: “What gives me stress?”
Noticing stress Stress doesn’t always look stressful Psychologist Connie Lillas describes the three most common ways people respond when they’re overwhelmed by stress: • • • Foot on the gas – An angry or agitated stress response. Foot on the brake – A withdrawn or depressed stress response. Foot on both – A tense and frozen stress response. Collect what applies to you
Hans Selye (1907-1982) • • • Published 1,700 research papers, 15 monographs and 7 popular books. Stressors are stressful whether good or bad news, whether the impulse is positive or negative. “Distress” and “eustress”
Listening to your body language Physical • Heart rate and blood pressure increase • Perspiration increases • Hearing and vision become more acute • Hands and feet get cold, because blood is directed away from the extremities to the large muscles in order to prepare for fighting or fleeing • Breathing is fast and shallow Collect what applies to you
Listening to your body language Mental • Being aware of internal “self-talk” • Being honest about the situation • Changing focused, negative thinking and selfdefeating thoughts to open, positive thinking and intuitive creativity Collect what applies to you
Listening to your body language Emotional • Negative feelings • Feeling abandoned or persecuted • Displaced anger Spiritual • Losing heart • Losing contact with beliefs and values Collect what applies to you
Effects on your body • • • • • • • • A tendency to sweat Back pain Chest pain Childhood obesity Cramps or muscle spasms Erectile dysfunction Fainting spells Headache Heart disease • • • • • • • • • Hypertension (high blood pressure) Loss of libido Lower immunity against diseases Muscular aches Nail biting Nervous twitches Pins and needles Sleeping difficulties Collect Stomach upset what applies to you
Effects on your thoughts and feelings • • • • • • Anger Anxiety Burnout Depression Feeling of insecurity Forgetfulness • • • • • Irritability Problem concentrating Restlessness Sadness Fatigue Collect what applies to you
Effects on your behavior • • • • • Eating too much Eating too little Food cravings Sudden angry outbursts Drug abuse • • • • • Alcohol abuse Higher tobacco consumption Social withdrawal Frequent crying Relationship problems Collect what applies to you
Influences on your stress tolerance level • • • • • Your support network Your sense of control. Your attitude and outlook Your ability to deal with your emotions Your knowledge and preparation Collect what applies to you
Who’s in Charge? • • • Awareness Mind, body and spirit work together How you see yourself
What happens in times of stress? • You don’t breathe • You don’t think
The secret weapon • • • • Breathing Relaxing tongue and jaw Through your toes Other ways • • Counting Consciously measuring Collect what you will do
Other weapons • • • • Black out Talk to self – and to others Order vs. Chaos Exercise, walking • • • • Fantasy Laughing Meditation Arts, Music Collect what you will do
Discuss with others What will you do differently?
Thank you for listening Have a stress free day!
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Is there any good that comes out of stress? Good: 1. stress can force change 2. will force you to focus more energy to the problem at hand.