Punctuation 101

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Information about Punctuation 101

Published on March 5, 2014

Author: nikkiwwilkinson

Source: slideshare.net

Careless punctuation can undermine your credibility and spoil and otherwise effective piece of writing. Remember: Let’s eat Grandma. Let’s eat, Grandma.

Periods  At the end of a full statement  With some abbreviations  Rev.  p. m. (PM)  Nov.  Other abbreviations may NOT take periods: NFL, TV, PA, FBI  In decimal numbers  5.38 (five and thirty-eight hundreths)  $10.35

Question mark  At the end of direct questions  The panelists debated the question, “Should marijuana be legalized?”  Did the consultants name their report “The Recycling Crisis”? In parentheses, following an item of questionable accuracy. -- The fraud, begun in 1999 (?), was discovered only this year.

Exclamation point  At the end of emphatic sentences USE EXCLAMATION POINTS SPARINGLY!!!

Comma  Between sentences joined by a coordinating conjunction.  My father loves to dine out, but he is fussy about his food. (NOT between compound words/phrases  Between items in a series  Between adjectives of equal weight  Collecting colorful, exotic plants is one of my grandfather’s hobbies.

 Setting off non-essential word groups  The teacher asked the class to read Les Miserables, a novel of redemption and revenge. • Setting off words that precede the main body of the sentence. Yes, I’ll be happy to read your report. - Because English is a required course, the classes are large. - Like most children, my sister loves animals. (If the introductory material is short, you may omit the comma.) Surely everyone has an urge to see exotic places. -

 Setting off words that follow the main body of the sentence (absolute modifier). - Many people think a walk is a waste of time, like napping or daydreaming. - You should start any new exercise program slowly, making sure not to push yourself. • Setting off interrupting words and phrases. - I told him, when he mentioned my accident, my version of what happened. - The snowfall was heavy; classes, however, were still held.

 Setting off words in direct address - Ladies and gentlemen, the meeting is about to begin. - “Remember, Jan, to turn down the thermostat,” my mother warned. • Between a short quotation and the phrase that indicates the quotation’s source. -My friend remarked, “You remind me of a hungry bulldog.” -“You can’t block the access to the building,” the police warned.

 Between the elements of a date or place - The package was delivered to 102 Glendale Road, Kirkwood, NY 08043 on January 23, 2012. - They were married June 16, 1973, in Ohio. • When you reverse a date in European style, do NOT add a comma. Do NOT put a comma between the state and the zip code. - February 14, 2011 - 14 February 2011 - February 2011 -Elizabethtown, PA 17022

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