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Pulwarty

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Information about Pulwarty
Education

Published on January 18, 2008

Author: Patrizia

Source: authorstream.com

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Mainstreaming Adaptation to Climate Change in the Caribbean:  Mainstreaming Adaptation to Climate Change in the Caribbean (MACC) PROJECT Roger S. Pulwarty NOAA/CIRES University of Colorado Ulric Trotz, MACC Project Manager Caribbean Climate Change Center Belize Mainstreaming….:  Mainstreaming…. GOALS: to develop usable decision support information and tools to assist civic and business leaders in making critical decisions to mitigate climate hazards to adapt and advance vulnerability assessment methods that explicitly incorporate uncertainty and risk into system performance, technology assessment and investment strategies Climate risk management: Management that includes climatic risks ____________________MACC:  ____________________MACC GEF-Funded Project 12 Caribbean Countries Implemented by the World Bank Executed by the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Secretariat Project Implementation Unit (Belize) Slide6:  COSTA CENTRAL OF VENEZUELA, DECEMBER1999 Slide10:  Average annual growth in tourist staying time before during and after event year 1970-1997 Avg123 0 1 2 3 %growth in tourist length of stay 2-\ -4- 8- 6- 4- 2- 0- -2- Slide11:  Average annual growth rate for three years before, during and there years after a major event in the Caribbean 1970-1997 1- 4- 3- 1- 1- 2- 5- %GDP Avg123 0 1 2 3 Two concerns:  Two concerns High national adaptive capacity can mask great internal variations in vulnerability Despite a high adaptive capacity on paper knowledge, technological capacity, expertise, are not always put to use (requests for information are not necessarily an indication of use) Not just economic “benefit” but how to realize as much of that benefit as possible in practice ____________________MACC:  ____________________MACC MACC follows Caribbean Planning for Adaptation to Global Climate Change (CPACC) :: (GEF) and Adapting to Climate Change in the Caribbean (ACCC) :: (CIDA) Future: Key sustaining activities for the Caribbean Climate Change Climate Center in Belize ____________________MACC:  ____________________MACC FIVE COMPONENTS Build capacity to assess vulnerability and risks associated with climate variability and change Build capacity to reduce vulnerability to climate variability and change Build capacity to effectively access and utilise resources to reduce vulnerability to climate variability and change Public Education and Outreach Project Management Slide16:  In-country teams (Focal points lead, advisory group, team made up of local water, ag etc. technical participants, graduates of UWI climate Impacts course in natural resources Program, synthesize existing data) ____________________MACC:  ____________________MACC BUILD CAPACITY TO ASSESS VULNERABILITY AND RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH CLIMATE CHANGE Under CPACC 18 monitoring stations installed >Water level >sea-surface temperature >Barometric pressure >wind direction >Air temperature >wind gusts and speed >Relative humidity >rainfall At most two are reporting ____________________MACC:  ____________________MACC Component 2: Build capacity to reduce vulnerability to climate change Build capacity to identify and analyze policy options for adaptation to climate in selected sectors University of the West Indies Masters Program (started in 2003) In-country teams: individuals belonging to different sectors ____________________MACC:  ____________________MACC 2.1 Country Level Sectoral Adaptation Strategies Develop Adaptation Strategies for: Water Resources Agricultural Tourism Coastal zone (ecosystems) (informing disaster management, through IWM, ICZM) Benefits of new information: Communication and decision making (costs of not making a decision) ____________________MACC:  ____________________MACC Other Activities: Costing Impacts of CC Optimizing choice using Risk Management Approach Introducing use of other tools e.g. Guidelines for Integrating CC Impact Assessment in EIAs ____________________MACC:  ____________________MACC COMPONENT 3: Build capacity to effectively access to utilize resources to Minimize Costs of Climate Change Preparation of regional position for negotiation on Climate Change at relevant international fora ____________________MACC:  ____________________MACC 3.1 Development of a Regional Agenda Support for the development of a regional position and negotiation strategy for UNFCCC and other international organizations Feed results from Components 1 and 2 into National Communications ____________________MACC:  ____________________MACC COMPONENT 4: Public Education and Outreach Stakeholder Participation Who?:  Stakeholder Participation Who? Community/Residential water users Community/Industrial water users Community/Agricultural water users Government regulators (local, state, federal) Scientists and engineers Providers of products and services NGOs (rep. biodiversity interests) To what extent are civil society mechanisms “resilient” to extreme changes? Examples from “Common property” Slide26:  Resource Access Use Capacity Environment What? Water Vulnerability Index 50 100 Annual projected damage to the tourism sector from Hurricanes: 2002 - 2020 :  Annual projected damage to the tourism sector from Hurricanes: 2002 - 2020 Slide29:  How?….viewed from Information chain Role of Uncertainty in Decisions: :  Role of Uncertainty in Decisions: Adaptation Decisions: Climate is one of many interacting stresses: responsibility not climate adaptation, but (e.g.), water management Climate-related uncertainties: depend on time-horizon (+) and spatial scale (-); potentially large, but big differences: not always sustainably funded Look where the response curves get steep; i.e. where adaptive capacity/buffers are used up Map entry points into existing decision making (Ag, IWM< ICZM, etc.) Crafting climate services (CS) for adaptation: Where are we?:  Crafting climate services (CS) for adaptation: Where are we? 1. Pre-planning. Concepts and organization 2. Strategic Analysis. Needs and baseline conditions 3. Planning and Design. Management options and work plans 4. Implementation. Priority actions 5. Operation & Maintenance. Performance monitoring and adaptation to changes Strong analysis and planning is evident in CS but…. Weak implementation and monitoring experience to date $ per year Slide32:  MACC has developed a network and fora for several islands (incl. non CARICOM) and Belize and Guyana Main issue: long term station network is small CCCC (in Belize) is acting as a clearinghouse and mechanisms for securing joint funding from CARICOM and internationally ____________________MACC:  ____________________MACC Upgrading infrastructure Incorporation of climate change consideration into region’s CDM strategy Improved collaboration between National Disaster and Meteorological Offices (CDERA, CIMH etc.) Upgrade building codes Identify financial incentives from Insurance and Mortgage banking industries UNDP and Caribbean Development Bank Re-insurance and derivatives(Swiss Re) ____________________MACC:  ____________________MACC Thanks! Slide35:  Mostly GHCN stations + misc. collections (< 50 stations)

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