Pulmonary edema

50 %
50 %
Information about Pulmonary edema

Published on November 28, 2013

Author: reshmivunni

Source: slideshare.net


Pulmonary edema
Signs and symptoms


DEFINITION Pulmonary edema is the abnormal accumulation of fluid in the interstitial spaces surrounding the alveoli with the advancement of fluid accumulation in the alveolar spaces.

TYPES  Cardiogenic pulmonary edema  Noncardiogenic pulmonary edema  Neurogenic pulmonary edema

CAUSES CARDIOGENIC PULMONARY EDEMA NONCARDIOGENIC PULMONARY EDEMA NEUROGENIC PULMONARY EDEMA • Hypertension • Left ventricular failure • cardiomyopathy • • • • • • • Aspiration of gastric contents Drugs eg. Narcotics Sepsis Pneumonia Smoke inhalation Malignancies Pancreatitis • Head injury

PATHOPHYSIOLOGY Increase in the fluid filtration into the interstitial spaces of the lung Movement of the fluid from the interstitium in to the alveolar walls Damage of alveolar epithelium Accumulation of fluid in the alveoli

SIGNS AND SYPTOMS  Dyspnea  Tachycardia  Orthopnea  Hypertension  Thin and frothy sputum  On auscultation,  Rhonchi  Crackle sound  Right ventricular failure with the manifestation of hepatomegaly, jugular vein distension and peripheral edema

DIAGNOSTIC FINDINGS Pulse oximetry <85%  ABG: PaO2 = 30-50mm of Hg  Chest X-ray shows areas of “white out” (fluid filled area) 

MANAGEMENT  Correction of hypoxemia  O2 therapy  Mechanical ventilation  Reducing preload  Upright position  Diuretics  Vasodilators  Reducing after load  Antihypertensive agents  Supporting perfusion  Ionotropic medications

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

Pulmonary edema: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

Pulmonary edema is often caused by congestive heart failure. When the heart is not able to pump efficiently, blood can back up into the veins that take ...
Read more

Pulmonary edema - Mayo Clinic

Pulmonary edema — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, causes, treatment of this potentially life-threatening lung condition.
Read more

Pulmonary edema | University of Maryland Medical Center

Introduction. Pulmonary edema happens when increased pressure in the blood vessels in your lungs causes them to fill up with fluid, making it hard to breathe.
Read more

Pulmonary Edema - Cardiovascular Disorders - Merck Manual

A chest x-ray, done immediately, is usually diagnostic, showing marked interstitial edema. Bedside measurement of serum BNP/NT-proBNP levels (elevated in ...
Read more

dict.cc Wörterbuch :: pulmonary edema :: Deutsch-Englisch ...

Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzung für pulmonary edema im Online-Wörterbuch dict.cc (Deutschwörterbuch).
Read more

Cardiogenic Pulmonary Edema - Medscape Reference

Cardiogenic pulmonary edema (CPE) is defined as pulmonary edema due to increased capillary hydrostatic pressure secondary to elevated pulmonary ...
Read more

Pulmonary edema – Medical Dictionary – The Free Dictionary

Pulmonary Edema Definition Pulmonary edema is a condition in which fluid accumulates in the lungs, usually because the heart's left ventricle does not pump ...
Read more

Lungenödem – Wikipedia

Eine seltene Form des Lungenödems ist das Postobstruktionslungenödem (engl. negative pressure pulmonary edema, NPPE).
Read more