Public Health Model for Mental Health

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Information about Public Health Model for Mental Health

Published on June 10, 2008

Author: MHTP

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Based on the report from the Washington State Board of Health, this presentation, made to the State
and King County Boards of Health on December 13, 2007, suggests a public health model for approaching delivery
of mental health services.

A Public Health Model for Mental Health Craig McLaughlin, Executive Director Wendy Janis, Policy Advisor Washington State Board of Health Mental Health Transformation/TWG, Olympia, WA, 2008

Prevention Advisory Group (PAG) Ad hoc work group of MHTP Diverse participants (DSHS, SBOH, DOH, UW, providers, OSPI, FPC, Children’s Trust, nonprofits, consumers) Debated what is meant by prevention Identified specific populations (lifespan) Developed multi-stage approach

Prevention Advisory Group (PAG)

Ad hoc work group of MHTP

Diverse participants (DSHS, SBOH, DOH, UW, providers, OSPI, FPC, Children’s Trust, nonprofits, consumers)

Debated what is meant by prevention

Identified specific populations (lifespan)

Developed multi-stage approach

PAG Definition of Prevention Promotes mental health, intervenes early to address emerging mental health problems, and reduces the devastating impacts of mental illness

PAG Definition of Prevention

Promotes mental health, intervenes early to address emerging mental health problems, and reduces the devastating impacts of mental illness

Multi-Step Process (to date) TWG Presentation (April 27, 2007): TWG agrees work is consistent with its goals First Prevention Day (July 13, 2007) : Consumers, providers, and agency staff help frame report and begin policy discussions Focus Groups (Sept./Oct.): Policy discussions about specific populations--also received feedback through questionnaires

TWG Presentation (April 27, 2007): TWG agrees work is consistent with its goals

First Prevention Day (July 13, 2007) : Consumers, providers, and agency staff help frame report and begin policy discussions

Focus Groups (Sept./Oct.): Policy discussions about specific populations--also received feedback through questionnaires

Multi-Step Process (to date) Partial Report Draft (Nov. 2) Second Prevention Work Day (Nov. 9) Synthesize material in report, look at cross-cutting themes, and set policy priorities Report Draft Approved by Board (Dec. 13) Board Staff Delivered Final Report to MHTP (Dec. 31)

Partial Report Draft (Nov. 2)

Second Prevention Work Day (Nov. 9) Synthesize material in report, look at cross-cutting themes, and set policy priorities

Report Draft Approved by Board (Dec. 13)

Board Staff Delivered Final Report to MHTP (Dec. 31)

Part I: Mental Health and The Public Health Model Prevalence of mental illness/its impact The grant and SBOH involvement Public health model for mental health What is meant by prevention Disparities in mental health Whether mental illness preventable Barriers to prevention

Part I: Mental Health and The Public Health Model

Prevalence of mental illness/its impact

The grant and SBOH involvement

Public health model for mental health

What is meant by prevention

Disparities in mental health

Whether mental illness preventable

Barriers to prevention

Part II: Age-Specific Groups Children birth to five School-age children Youth in transition to adulthood Adults Older adults

Children birth to five

School-age children

Youth in transition to adulthood

Adults

Older adults

Children Birth to Five Age-Specific Characteristics Infants and toddlers have mental health needs and disorders Mental health is relationship-based Social-emotional skills are critical Diagnosis and treatment is possible but requires specialization

Children Birth to Five

Age-Specific Characteristics

Infants and toddlers have mental health needs and disorders

Mental health is relationship-based

Social-emotional skills are critical

Diagnosis and treatment is possible but requires specialization

Children Birth to Five Suggested Next Steps Social marketing campaign State-wide mental health consultation for child care providers Medical provider screening/referral Collaboration between various agencies and providers Opt to serve and fund services to at-risk children under Part C

Children Birth to Five

Suggested Next Steps

Social marketing campaign

State-wide mental health consultation for child care providers

Medical provider screening/referral

Collaboration between various agencies and providers

Opt to serve and fund services to at-risk children under Part C

School-Age Children Age-Specific Characteristics Do experience mental illness--HYS Work is being done to identify risk and protective factors

School-Age Children

Age-Specific Characteristics

Do experience mental illness--HYS

Work is being done to identify risk and protective factors

School-Age Children Suggested Next Steps Research risk and protective factors Expand program evaluation and wide dispersal of evaluation results Educate parents and educators Train physicians for screening and referral Provide more support for families and youth Coordinate/integrate mental health services and screening with schools

School-Age Children

Suggested Next Steps

Research risk and protective factors

Expand program evaluation and wide dispersal of evaluation results

Educate parents and educators

Train physicians for screening and referral

Provide more support for families and youth

Coordinate/integrate mental health services and screening with schools

Youth in Transition to Adulthood Age-Specific Characteristics Neither the child nor adult mental health system provides appropriate services Almost no system has ownership of this group Lack of health coverage Mental illness often arises during this time

Youth in Transition to Adulthood

Age-Specific Characteristics

Neither the child nor adult mental health system provides appropriate services

Almost no system has ownership of this group

Lack of health coverage

Mental illness often arises during this time

Youth in Transition to Adulthood Suggested Next Steps System with no wrong door for services Drop-in center model with peer support Social marketing campaign for stigma From the Literature Provide appropriate services within child and adult systems and continuity between them Implement transition support programs

Youth in Transition to Adulthood

Suggested Next Steps

System with no wrong door for services

Drop-in center model with peer support

Social marketing campaign for stigma

From the Literature

Provide appropriate services within child and adult systems and continuity between them

Implement transition support programs

Adults Age-Specific Characteristics The mental health system appears to be adequately focused on adults in terms of their age-specific needs

Adults

Age-Specific Characteristics

The mental health system appears to be adequately focused on adults in terms of their age-specific needs

Adults Suggested Next Steps Provide more transitional services Move from diagnosis-based access to need-based access Continue to move the mental health system to a recovery model From the Board Staff Offer more intensive services at an initial crises rather than having chronic or multiple crises episodes be criteria for access

Adults

Suggested Next Steps

Provide more transitional services

Move from diagnosis-based access to need-based access

Continue to move the mental health system to a recovery model

From the Board Staff

Offer more intensive services at an initial crises rather than having chronic or multiple crises episodes be criteria for access

Older Adults Age-Specific Characteristics Conditions such as depression and anxiety are not a normal part of aging Treatable mental disorders increase disability Older adults strongly prefer to see only primary care physicians due to stigma Some older adults are isolated in their homes

Older Adults

Age-Specific Characteristics

Conditions such as depression and anxiety are not a normal part of aging

Treatable mental disorders increase disability

Older adults strongly prefer to see only primary care physicians due to stigma

Some older adults are isolated in their homes

Older Adults Suggested Next Steps Social marketing campaign stigma/education Increase outreach to get older adults into care From the Literature Integrate geriatric psychiatry into primary care Increase support for family caregivers

Older Adults

Suggested Next Steps

Social marketing campaign stigma/education

Increase outreach to get older adults into care

From the Literature

Integrate geriatric psychiatry into primary care

Increase support for family caregivers

Part III: Integration Cross-cutting themes Coordination & communication Prioritizing prevention investments

Cross-cutting themes

Coordination & communication

Prioritizing prevention investments

Cross-Cutting Themes Communication and coordination Social marketing Increase funding flexibility Leverage existing funding sources Assess risk and protective factors Screen at multiple points of entry Provide care based on need

Communication and coordination

Social marketing

Increase funding flexibility

Leverage existing funding sources

Assess risk and protective factors

Screen at multiple points of entry

Provide care based on need

Cross-Cutting Themes (cont.) Provide age-appropriate services Provide culturally competent services Meet people where they are Support transitions across the lifespan Provide mental health consultation Increase and improve provider training Create trauma-sensitive systems

Provide age-appropriate services

Provide culturally competent services

Meet people where they are

Support transitions across the lifespan

Provide mental health consultation

Increase and improve provider training

Create trauma-sensitive systems

Coordination & Communication Leadership and governance Shared-outcomes State-wide accountability Local flexibility Shared data and analysis

Leadership and governance

Shared-outcomes

State-wide accountability

Local flexibility

Shared data and analysis

Coordination & Communication (examples) Public Health System Family Policy Council Children’s Trust of Washington Division of Alcohol & Substance Abuse Superintendent of Public Instruction Governor’s Council on Substance Abuse

Public Health System

Family Policy Council

Children’s Trust of Washington

Division of Alcohol & Substance Abuse

Superintendent of Public Instruction

Governor’s Council on Substance Abuse

Prioritizing Prevention Investments Build on current successes Transformative -consumer input & peer-support components -multidisciplinary -science-based Sustainable

Build on current successes

Transformative

-consumer input & peer-support components

-multidisciplinary

-science-based

Sustainable

Next Steps MHTP hosts community forums (early 2008) Policy summit (May 13, 2008)

MHTP hosts community forums

(early 2008)

Policy summit (May 13, 2008)

Washington State Board of Health PO Box 47990 Tumwater, Washington 98504-7990 (360) 236-4106, Fax (360) 236-4088 www.sboh.wa.gov

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