Psychology Erich Fromm (Neo Freudian Theorist) Sunwoo Park

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Information about Psychology Erich Fromm (Neo Freudian Theorist) Sunwoo Park

Published on December 11, 2008

Author: swp91

Source: slideshare.net

Erich Fromm Sunwoo Park

Who is Erich Fromm? March 23, 1900 – March 18, 1980 Born in Frankfut, Germany Social psychologist, psychoanalyst, and humanistic philosopher From religious family Had his career during depression

March 23, 1900 – March 18, 1980

Born in Frankfut, Germany

Social psychologist, psychoanalyst, and humanistic philosopher

From religious family

Had his career during depression

Humanistic Philosophy Adam and Eve’s exile Distinguish between good and evil Separate from nature = evolved into human beings Conscious of m o rality and no longer united with the universe

Adam and Eve’s exile

Distinguish between good and evil

Separate from nature = evolved into human beings

Conscious of m o rality and no longer united with the universe

Escape from Freedom Escaping your separate identity Central characteristic of human nature Psychological conflicts

Escaping your separate identity

Central characteristic of human nature

Psychological conflicts

Escape from Freedom Three Escape Mechanism Authoritarianism – To be controlled by another Automaton conformity – Hiding within an authoritarian hierarchy Destructiveness – Try to eliminate others or the world as a whole

Three Escape Mechanism

Authoritarianism – To be controlled by another

Automaton conformity – Hiding within an authoritarian hierarchy

Destructiveness – Try to eliminate others or the world as a whole

Families Affects the type of the escapes from freedom Two kinds of unproductive families Symbiotic Families Withdrawing Families

Affects the type of the escapes from freedom

Two kinds of unproductive families

Symbiotic Families

Withdrawing Families

Families Symbiotic Families “ Swallowed up” by other members Withdrawing Families Parents are very demanding of their children (Rules are more important than people) (Cold version) No real adult guidance

Symbiotic Families

“ Swallowed up” by other members

Withdrawing Families

Parents are very demanding of their children (Rules are more important than people) (Cold version)

No real adult guidance

The Social Unconsciousness Our way of doing things is the only way All the actions have all become unconscious Best understood by examining five personality types (orientations)

Our way of doing things is the only way

All the actions have all become unconscious

Best understood by examining five personality types (orientations)

Five Orientations All efforts at life The receptive orientation The exploitative orientation The hoarding orientation The marketing orientation The productive orientation

All efforts at life

The receptive orientation

The exploitative orientation

The hoarding orientation

The marketing orientation

The productive orientation

Five Orientations The receptive orientation Expecting to get what they need Peasant Freud’s oral passive Submissive and accepting Peasant

The receptive orientation

Expecting to get what they need

Peasant

Freud’s oral passive

Submissive and accepting

Peasant

Five Orientations The exploitative orientation Expecting to have to take what they need Upper classes Freud’s oral aggressive Aggressive and conceited (-) Proud and captivating (+)

The exploitative orientation

Expecting to have to take what they need

Upper classes

Freud’s oral aggressive

Aggressive and conceited (-)

Proud and captivating (+)

Five Orientations The hoarding orientation Expecting to keep Bourgeoisie Possessions Freud’s anal retentive type Stubborn, stingy, and unimaginative (-) Steadfast, economical, and practical (+)

The hoarding orientation

Expecting to keep

Bourgeoisie

Possessions

Freud’s anal retentive type

Stubborn, stingy, and unimaginative (-)

Steadfast, economical, and practical (+)

Five Orientations The marketing orientation Expecting to sell Sell myself, package myself, and advertise myself Modern industrial society Freud’s vague phallic personality Opportunistic and childish (-) Purposeful and social (+)

The marketing orientation

Expecting to sell

Sell myself, package myself, and advertise myself

Modern industrial society

Freud’s vague phallic personality

Opportunistic and childish (-)

Purposeful and social (+)

Five Orientations The productive orientation Without a mask Without rejecting nature Yet no society Humanistic communitarian socialism Altruism

The productive orientation

Without a mask

Without rejecting nature

Yet no society

Humanistic communitarian socialism

Altruism

The Having Mode Focus on consuming, obtaining, and possessing Receptive, Exploitative, Hoarding, and Marketing orientation

Focus on consuming, obtaining, and possessing

Receptive, Exploitative, Hoarding, and Marketing orientation

The Being Mode Defined by your actions in this world Live without a mask, experiencing life, and being yourself Productive orientation

Defined by your actions in this world

Live without a mask, experiencing life, and being yourself

Productive orientation

Orientation Society Family Escape from Freedom Receptive Peasant society Symbiotic (passive) Authoritarian (masochistic) Exploitative Aristocratic society Symbiotic (active) Authoritarian (sadistic) Hoarding Bourgeois society Withdrawing (puritanical) Perfectionist to destructive Marketing Modern society Withdrawing (infantile) Automaton conformist Productive Humanistic communitarian socialism Loving and reasoning Freedom and responsibility acknowledged and accepted

Biophilous & Necrophilous Biophilous Life-loving Trying to cope with life Receptive, Exploitative, Hoarding, Marketing, and Productive orientation Eros Necrophilous The lovers of death To destroy Thenatos

Biophilous

Life-loving

Trying to cope with life

Receptive, Exploitative, Hoarding, Marketing, and Productive orientation

Eros

Necrophilous

The lovers of death

To destroy

Thenatos

 

Human Needs Go far beyond the basic needs To find an answer to his existence Relatedness Transcendence Rootedness Sense of identity A frame of orientation

Go far beyond the basic needs

To find an answer to his existence

Relatedness

Transcendence

Rootedness

Sense of identity

A frame of orientation

Relatedness Aware of our separateness from each other and seek to overcome it Relationships with others, care, respect, knowledge Narcissism

Aware of our separateness from each other and seek to overcome it

Relationships with others, care, respect, knowledge

Narcissism

Creativity Desire to overcome being passive creatures Creators Creativity, develop a loving and interesting life. Can lead to destruction

Desire to overcome being passive creatures

Creators

Creativity, develop a loving and interesting life.

Can lead to destruction

Rootedness Need to feel at home (safe environment) Feeling of belonging Schizophrenia

Need to feel at home (safe environment)

Feeling of belonging

Schizophrenia

Sense of Identity Need to have a sense of identity, of unique individuality Narcissism

Need to have a sense of identity, of unique individuality

Narcissism

A Frame of Orientation Need to understand the world and our place in it Our society attempts to provide attempts to provide us with this understanding.

Need to understand the world and our place in it

Our society attempts to provide attempts to provide us with this understanding.

Fromm’s Research Freud = Sexual Observation method and clinical practice Karen Horney, Karl Jung Marx = Social economic Cultural variations, history, social conditions

Freud = Sexual

Observation method and clinical practice

Karen Horney, Karl Jung

Marx = Social economic

Cultural variations, history, social conditions

Bibliography http://www.answers.com/topic/erich-fromm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erich_Fromm http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/fromm.html

http://www.answers.com/topic/erich-fromm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erich_Fromm

http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/fromm.html

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