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Psychology 9-00-exam-2-2010 Prof. John Gabrieli @MIT

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Information about Psychology 9-00-exam-2-2010 Prof. John Gabrieli @MIT
Health & Medicine

Published on March 11, 2014

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Source: slideshare.net

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This course is a survey of the scientific study of human nature, including how the mind works, and how the brain supports the minD) Topics include the mental and neural bases of perception, emotion, learning, memory, cognition, child development, personality, psychopathology, and social interaction. Students will consider how such knowledge relates to debates about nature and nurture, free will, consciousness, human differences, self, and society.
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Cover Page Introduction to Psychology Spring 2010 Exam II Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Published 2014

(2) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved About Us Powered by QuizOver.com The Leading Online Quiz & Exam Creator Create, Share, and Discover Quizzes & Exams http://www.quizover.com

(3) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved Disclaimer All services and content of QuizOver.com are provided under QuizOver.com terms of use on an "as is" basis, without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied, including, without limitation, warranties that the provided services and content are free of defects, merchantable, fit for a particular purpose or non-infringing. The entire risk as to the quality and performance of the provided services and content is with you. In no event shall QuizOver.com be liable for any damages whatsoever arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of the services. Should any provided services and content prove defective in any respect, you (not the initial developer, author or any other contributor) assume the cost of any necessary servicing, repair or correction. This disclaimer of warranty constitutes an essential part of these "terms of use". No use of any services and content of QuizOver.com is authorized hereunder except under this disclaimer. The detailed and up to date "terms of use" of QuizOver.com can be found under: http://www.QuizOver.com/public/termsOfUse.xhtml

(4) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved eBook Content License Creative Commons License Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/ You are free to: Share: copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format Adapt: remix, transform, and build upon the material The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms. Under the following terms: Attribution: You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use. NonCommercial: You may not use the material for commercial purposes. ShareAlike: If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under the same license as the original. No additional restrictions: You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits. Gabrieli, John. 9.00 Introduction to Psychology, Spring 2010. (MIT OpenCourseWare: Massachusetts Institute of Technology), http://ocw.mit.edu/courses/brain-and-cognitive-sciences/9-00sc-introduction-to- psychology-fall-2011 (Accessed 2 Mar, 2014). License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA

(5) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4. Chapter: Introduction to Psychology 1. Introduction to Psychology Questions

• • • • (6) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.1. Question: The number of chunks that can be held in short-term memory is typi... The number of chunks that can be held in short-term memory is typically conceptualized as Please choose only one answer: A) 9 plus or minus 2 B) 7 plus or minus 2 C) 5 plus or minus 2 D) 3 plus or minus 2 Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: The number of chunks that can be held in by Prof. John Gabrieli Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/the-number-of-chunks-that-can-be-held-in-by-prof-john-gabrieli

• • • • (7) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.2. Question: Various factors can help or harm memory. People remember material,... Various factors can help or harm memory. People remember material, like recall of nonsense syllables, better if they sleep 8 hours between study and test than if they are awake for 8 hours between study and test; this result supports the idea of __________. People mix up information when later asked about an event with information from the event itself; this is known as __________. People also remember things better when they study and are tested in the same location as opposed to different locations, which demonstrates _______. Please choose only one answer: A) proactive interference; retroactive interference; proactive interference B) proactive interference; proactive interference; encoding specificity C) retroactive interference; retroactive interference; encoding specificity D) retroactive interference; proactive interference; encoding specificity Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: Various factors can help or harm memory by Prof. John Gabrieli @MIT Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/various-factors-can-help-or-harm-memory-by-prof-john-gabrieli-mit

• • • • (8) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.3. Question: Flash-bulb memories refer to memories for emotionally important ev... Flash-bulb memories refer to memories for emotionally important events for which people feel that the memory is so vivid that it is like a picture. What is NOT true about flash-bulb memories according to research? Please choose only one answer: A) One is more likely to remember such an emotionally powerful event than a typical event B) Flash-bulb memories are susceptible to distortion C) People are exceptionally accurate in assessing the accuracy of their flush-bulb memories D) Flash-bulb memories relate both to external perceptions and internal feelings Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: Flash-bulb memories refer to memories for by Prof. John Gabrieli Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/flash-bulb-memories-refer-to-memories-for-by-prof-john-gabrieli

• • • • (9) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.4. Question: A patient with a right-sided removal of the hippocampus would be i... A patient with a right-sided removal of the hippocampus would be impaired on which of the following: Please choose only one answer: A) short-term verbal memory B) long-term verbal memory C) short-term visuo-spatial memory D) long-term visuo-spatial memory Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: A patient with a right-sided removal of by Prof. John Gabrieli @MIT Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/a-patient-with-a-right-sided-removal-of-by-prof-john-gabrieli--3459377

• • • • (10) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.5. Question: Declarative memory depends on the _______; repetition priming depe... Declarative memory depends on the _______; repetition priming depends on the _____; procedural memory depends on ______. Please choose only one answer: A) hippocampus; neocortex; basal ganglia B) hippocampus; basal ganglia; neocortex C) neocortex; basal ganglia; hippocampus D) basal ganglia; neocortex; hippocampus Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: Declarative memory depends on the repetition by Prof. John Gabrieli Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/declarative-memory-depends-on-the-repetition-by-prof-john-gabrieli

• • • • (11) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.6. Question: Monkeys with surgical removals of the hippocampal region have Monkeys with surgical removals of the hippocampal region have Please choose only one answer: A) No retrograde amnesia at all B) Temporally limited retrograde amnesia for material learned in the more distant past C) Temporally limited retrograde amnesia for material learned in the more recent past D) Complete retrograde amnesia Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: Monkeys with surgical removals of the hippocampal by Prof. John Gabrieli Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/monkeys-with-surgical-removals-of-the-hippocampal-by-prof-john-gabriel

• • • • (12) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.7. Question: Which is NOT true about human phonology? Which is NOT true about human phonology? Please choose only one answer: A) Humans use about 100 phonemes B) English has about 45 phonemes C) children are born with the capacity to discriminate all phonemes, but start to lose the ability to discriminate phonemes they do not hear after about 12 months D) pauses during natural speech generally occur at the ends of words Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: Which is NOT true about human phonology by Prof. John Gabrieli @MIT Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/which-is-not-true-about-human-phonology-by-prof-john-gabrieli-mit

• • • • (13) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.8. Question: Experimental evidence indicates which of the following about lexic... Experimental evidence indicates which of the following about lexical access? Please choose only one answer: A) all meanings of words are activated for about 500 msec through 2000 msec B) all meanings of words are activated for about 500 msec, and then only the relevant meaning is activated at 2000 msec C) only relevant meanings of words are activated for about 500 msec through 2000 msec D) only relevant meanings of words are activated for about 500 msec, and then all meanings are activated at 2000 msec Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: Experimental evidence indicates which of by Prof. John Gabrieli Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/experimental-evidence-indicates-which-of-by-prof-john-gabrieli-3459778

• • • • (14) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.9. Question: Patients with right or left hemisphere lesions were compared to he... Patients with right or left hemisphere lesions were compared to healthy control subjects in their abilities to interpret (identify) people who are lying through facial expressions alone or through facial expressions and vocal cues. What was found? Please choose only one answer: A) Patients with either left or right hemisphere lesions were more accurate than controls B) Patients with right hemisphere lesions were more accurate than patients with left hemisphere lesions and healthy people. C) Patients with left hemisphere lesions were more accurate than patients with right hemisphere lesions and healthy people. D) Patients with right hemisphere lesions were as accurate as controls and more accurate than patients with left hemisphere lesions. Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: Patients with right or left hemisphere lesions by Prof. John Gabrieli Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/patients-with-right-or-left-hemisphere-lesions-by-prof-john-ga-3459869

• • • • (15) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.10. Question: People incorrectly (a) often think that it is unlikely that two in... People incorrectly (a) often think that it is unlikely that two individuals among 30 people will share a birthday; (b) often think that more words begin with the letter "K" than have "K" in the third letter position; and (c) often estimate that the Mississippi River is shorter if they first answer if it is longer or shorter than 500 miles than if they first answer if it is longer or shorter than 5000 miles. These ways of thinking reflect, in order, what heuristics? Please choose only one answer: A) (a) framing; (b) anchoring; (c) availability B) (a) representativeness; (b) framing; (c) availability C) (a) representativeness; (b) availability; (c) anchoring D) (a) availability; (b) representativeness; (c) anchoring Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: People incorrectly a often think that it by Prof. John Gabrieli Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/people-incorrectly-a-often-think-that-it-by-prof-john-gabrieli

• • • • (16) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.11. Question: Experimental studies show that, for equal losses or gains, people ... Experimental studies show that, for equal losses or gains, people are Please choose only one answer: A) risk averse for losses and gains B) risk taking for losses and gains C) risk taking for gains and risk averse for losses D) risk averse for gains and risk taking for losses Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: Experimental studies show that for equal by Prof. John Gabrieli Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/experimental-studies-show-that-for-equal-by-prof-john-gabrieli-3460052

• • • • (17) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.12. Question: Perseveration in problem solving is found after injuries to the __... Perseveration in problem solving is found after injuries to the _______; failure to exhibit a galvanic skin response (GSR) to family members is found after injuries to the _____; a heightened tendency to make selections that have high immediate rewards but higher long-term losses is found after injuries to the Please choose only one answer: A) orbitofrontal cortex; orbitofrontal cortex; dorsolateral prefrontal cortex B) dorsolateral prefrontal cortex; dorsolateral prefrontal cortex; orbitofrontal cortex C) dorsolateral prefrontal cortex; orbitofrontal cortex; dorsolateral prefrontal cortex D) dorsolateral prefrontal cortex; orbitofrontal cortex; orbitofrontal cortex Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: Perseveration in problem solving is found by Prof. John Gabrieli Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/perseveration-in-problem-solving-is-found-by-prof-john-gabrieli

• • • • (18) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.13. Question: Which is NOT true about IQ scores according to available evidence? Which is NOT true about IQ scores according to available evidence? Please choose only one answer: A) IQ scores have been rising around the world B) crystallized intelligence shows little decline in normal aging C) IQ scores, according to twin studies, are about 50-70% heritable D) birth order has no effect on IQ scores Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: Which is NOT true about IQ scores according by Prof. John Gabrieli Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/which-is-not-true-about-iq-scores-according-by-prof-john-gabri-3460230

• • • • (19) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.14. Question: Which is NOT true about psychological and brain mechanisms related... Which is NOT true about psychological and brain mechanisms related to IQ? Please choose only one answer: A) performance on IQ-type problems is associated with activation of frontal cortex B) normal variation in a single gene can influence brain activation during a working memory task C) people with higher IQ scores typically show greater brain activation than people with lower IQ scores on a working memory task D) people with higher IQ scores typically have faster reaction times on simple tasks than people with lower IQ scores Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: Which is NOT true about psychological and by Prof. John Gabrieli Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/which-is-not-true-about-psychological-and-by-prof-john-gabrieli

• • • • (20) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.15. Question: Scientists have shown that some factors can hinder performance on ... Scientists have shown that some factors can hinder performance on tests. Which of these factors does NOT hinder performance? Please choose only one answer: A) stereotype threat that is brought to mind by the labeling of the test B) a sense that intelligence is a fixed trait that does not grow C) praising a child for her or his hard work D) praising a child for her or his intelligence Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: Scientists have shown that some factors by Prof. John Gabrieli @MIT Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/scientists-have-shown-that-some-factors-by-prof-john-gabrieli-mit

• • • • (21) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.16. Question: Lesions to the amygdala in humans result in all EXCEPT Lesions to the amygdala in humans result in all EXCEPT Please choose only one answer: A) loss of fear conditioning as measured by autonomic (GSR) measures B) loss of emotional enhancement of memory C) loss of declarative memory for a fear conditioning study D) loss of ability to identify fearful facial expressions Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: Lesions to the amygdala in humans result by Prof. John Gabrieli Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/lesions-to-the-amygdala-in-humans-result-by-prof-john-gabrieli-3460553

• • • • (22) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.17. Question: Imaging studies of the amygdala indicate that all of the below EXC... Imaging studies of the amygdala indicate that all of the below EXCEPT Please choose only one answer: A) selective response to fearful faces in subliminal presentations B) selective response to fearful faces in a cortically blind visual field C) greater amygdala activation on the left for emotionally intense scenes that are later remembered by women D) greater amygdala activation on the left for emotionally intense scenes that are later remembered by men Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: Imaging studies of the amygdala indicate by Prof. John Gabrieli Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/imaging-studies-of-the-amygdala-indicate-by-prof-john-gabrieli-3460648

• • • • (23) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.18. Question: What brain region is associated with the perception of facial expr... What brain region is associated with the perception of facial expressions of disgust? Please choose only one answer: A) insula B) amygdala C) orbitofrontal cortex D) dorsolateral frontal cortex Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: What brain region is associated with the by Prof. John Gabrieli Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/what-brain-region-is-associated-with-the-by-prof-john-gabrieli

• • • • (24) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.19. Question: Oliver Sacks describes an amnesic patient named "Jimmie G." The et... Oliver Sacks describes an amnesic patient named "Jimmie G." The etiology of his amnesia was Please choose only one answer: A) surgery for epilepsy B) alcoholism C) Alzheimer's disease D) Huntington's disease Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: Oliver Sacks describes an amnesic patient by Prof. John Gabrieli Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/oliver-sacks-describes-an-amnesic-patient-by-prof-john-gabriel-3460837

• • • • (25) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.20. Question: Oliver Sacks describes "Mrs. B" a former research chemist who beca... Oliver Sacks describes "Mrs. B" a former research chemist who became facetious and superficial in her interactions with other people. It was discovered hat she has a tumor (carcinoma) in what brain location? Please choose only one answer: A) amygdala B) basal ganglia C) dorsolateral prefrontal cortex D) orbitofrontal cortex Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: Oliver Sacks describes Mrs. B a former research by Prof. John Gabrieli Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/oliver-sacks-describes-mrs-b-a-former-research-by-prof-john-ga- 3460927

• • • • (26) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.21. Question: Recalling a fact is an example of _____. Recalling a fact is an example of _____. Please choose only one answer: A) Episodic memory B) Semantic memory C) Working memory D) Implicit memory Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: Recalling a fact is an example of . by Prof. John Gabrieli @MIT Massachusetts Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/recalling-a-fact-is-an-example-of-by-prof-john-gabrieli-mit-massachuse

• • • • (27) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.22. Question: Which of the following is NOT a type of implicit memory? Which of the following is NOT a type of implicit memory? Please choose only one answer: A) Classically conditioned responses B) Operantly conditioned responses C) Non-associative learning D) Priming Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: Which of the following is NOT a type of by Prof. John Gabrieli @MIT Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/which-of-the-following-is-not-a-type-of-by-prof-john-gabrieli-mit

• • • • (28) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.23. Question: An amnesic patient was hesitant to shake hands with a doctor who h... An amnesic patient was hesitant to shake hands with a doctor who had pricked him with a pin the day before. This memory was most likely due to Please choose only one answer: A) semantic memory B) operant conditioning C) classical conditioning D) observational learning Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: An amnesic patient was hesitant to shake by Prof. John Gabrieli Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/an-amnesic-patient-was-hesitant-to-shake-by-prof-john-gabrieli

• • • • (29) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.24. Question: Jeremy had a stroke last year, which caused him to be unable to re... Jeremy had a stroke last year, which caused him to be unable to remember how to get to and return from his new doctor's office using a specific route. What brain structure was most likely damaged by Jeremy's stroke? Please choose only one answer: A) His amygdala B) His hypothalamus C) His hippocampus D) His cerebellum Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: Jeremy had a stroke last year which caused by Prof. John Gabrieli Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/jeremy-had-a-stroke-last-year-which-caused-by-prof-john-gabrieli

• • • • (30) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.25. Question: The tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon demonstrates what about the natur... The tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon demonstrates what about the nature of memory? Please choose only one answer: A) It is fragmentary B) Words are stored as whole units C) It is organized by sound D) It is not systematic Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: The tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon demonstrates by Prof. John Gabrieli Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/the-tip-of-the-tongue-phenomenon-demonstrates-by-prof-john-gabrieli

• • • • (31) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.26. Question: Imagine that the first car you learned to drive was a manual trans... Imagine that the first car you learned to drive was a manual transmission with a clutch, but the car you drive now is an automatiC) Sometimes you find yourself reaching for the clutch that is no longer there. This example illustrates _______. Please choose only one answer: A) Retroactive interference B) Proactive interference C) Retrograde amnesia D) Anterograde amnesia Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: Imagine that the first car you learned to by Prof. John Gabrieli Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/imagine-that-the-first-car-you-learned-to-by-prof-john-gabrieli

• • • • (32) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.27. Question: What affect, if any, does hypnosis have on memory? What affect, if any, does hypnosis have on memory? Please choose only one answer: A) It has no effect. B) It increases people's confidence in their memories, but not their accuracy. C) It decreases people's confidence in their memories, but not their accuracy. D) It decreases both confidence and accuracy. Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: What affect if any does hypnosis have on by Prof. John Gabrieli Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/what-affect-if-any-does-hypnosis-have-on-by-prof-john-gabrieli

• • • • (33) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.28. Question: What disruption to language would you expect in a patient with dam... What disruption to language would you expect in a patient with damage to the inferior frontal lobe of the left hemisphere? Please choose only one answer: A) Difficulty recognizing words B) Impaired language production C) Specific difficulty understanding pragmatic meanings D) Trouble discriminating speech sounds Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: What disruption to language would you expect by Prof. John Gabrieli Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/what-disruption-to-language-would-you-expect-by-prof-john-gabrieli

• • • • (34) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.29. Question: Complete this analogy: syntax is to words as phonology is to _____... Complete this analogy: syntax is to words as phonology is to __________ Please choose only one answer: A) semantics B) letters C) phonemes D) comprehension Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: Complete this analogy syntax is to words by Prof. John Gabrieli Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/complete-this-analogy-syntax-is-to-words-by-prof-john-gabrieli

• • • • (35) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.30. Question: Which of the following terms means "a disruption of language cause... Which of the following terms means "a disruption of language caused by brain damage"? Please choose only one answer: A) aphasia B) dyslexia C) ataxia D) dysphonia Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: Which of the following terms means a disruption by Prof. John Gabrieli Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/which-of-the-following-terms-means-a-disruption-by-prof-john-gabrieli

• • • • (36) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.31. Question: What is a major criticism of strictly empiricist accounts of langu... What is a major criticism of strictly empiricist accounts of language acquisition? Please choose only one answer: A) Children only produce sentences they have heard before B) There is not enough information to learn all the rules of grammar based solely on what children hear C) The mechanisms of the "language acquisition device" are not sufficiently specified D) These accounts do not make any falsifiable hypotheses Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: What is a major criticism of strictly empiricist by Prof. John Gabrieli Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/what-is-a-major-criticism-of-strictly-empiricist-by-prof-john-gabrieli

• • • • (37) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.32. Question: Which of the following is good evidence that thinking can involve ... Which of the following is good evidence that thinking can involve mental images? Please choose only one answer: A) People can describe the colors of a famous painting B) People are unable to mentally represent abstract concepts like "liberty" C) Tasks that take longer in real space also take longer in mental space D) Different brain regions are involved in perception versus imagination Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: Which of the following is good evidence by Prof. John Gabrieli @MIT Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/which-of-the-following-is-good-evidence-by-prof-john-gabrieli-mit

• • • • (38) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.33. Question: What is the difference between a prototype and a basic level? What is the difference between a prototype and a basic level? Please choose only one answer: A) Prototypes are the most common descriptions of an object, whereas basic levels are the most typical examples of a category. B) A prototype may have more than one basic level, but a basic level has only one prototype. C) Prototypes are the most typical example of a concept, whereas the basic level is the most common description of an object. D) People recognize prototypes most quickly, but are slow to describe the basic level of an object. Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: What is the difference between a prototype by Prof. John Gabrieli Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/what-is-the-difference-between-a-prototype-by-prof-john-gabrieli

• • • • (39) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.34. Question: What is a common way to gain insight while trying to solve a probl... What is a common way to gain insight while trying to solve a problem? Please choose only one answer: A) Allow the problem to incubate in the back of your mind B) Utilize deliberate practice to improve performance C) Develop a mental set for viewing the problem D) Apply an analogy based on a problem you already solveD) Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: What is a common way to gain insight while by Prof. John Gabrieli Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/what-is-a-common-way-to-gain-insight-while-by-prof-john-gabrieli

• • • • (40) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.35. Question: At the beginning of the school year, you administer a preliminary ... At the beginning of the school year, you administer a preliminary test of intellectual capacity (assume validity) to a class of students. Then, you randomly assign the students to two groups: "gifted" and "non-gifted". You tell the teacher, and not the students themselves, which students are "gifted" and which are not. What would you expect in terms of performance on a follow-up test at the end of the school year? Select the best answer. Please choose only one answer: A) There will be no difference because students were randomly assigned to the two groups. B) "Non-gifted" students improve more than "gifted" students because they are motivated to try harder. C) "Gifted" students will improve less than "non-gifted" students because they are treated as if they do not need to put in effort. D) "Gifted" students will improve more than "non-gifted" students most likely because the teacher's expectation leads him/her to treat the two groups differently. Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: At the beginning of the school year you by Prof. John Gabrieli @MIT Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/at-the-beginning-of-the-school-year-you-by-prof-john-gabrieli-mit

• • • • (41) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.36. Question: The term "g" appears to explain most of the variation in performan... The term "g" appears to explain most of the variation in performance on many standardized IQ subtests. Which one of the following is true about "g"? Please choose only one answer: A) It was revealed by factors analysis, and establishes that there is a specific mental ability underlying "general intelligence". B) It is a statistical abstraction which implies the existence of some underlying process(es) that mediate cognitive performance. C) It is attributable to working memory capacity. D) It also explains emotional IQ. Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: The term g appears to explain most of the by Prof. John Gabrieli Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/the-term-g-appears-to-explain-most-of-the-by-prof-john-gabrieli

• • • • (42) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.37. Question: Intelligence and creativity appear to be distinct, but interrelate... Intelligence and creativity appear to be distinct, but interrelated, qualities. However, unlike IQ, differences (between people) in creative ability Please choose only one answer: A) are not easily explained by genetic differences. B) are not influenced by shared aspects of the home, such as exposure to cultural resources or home libraries. C) are not associated with cognitive characteristics such as motivation and high self-esteem D) are not influenced by the level of formal education. Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: Intelligence and creativity appear to be by Prof. John Gabrieli Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/intelligence-and-creativity-appear-to-be-by-prof-john-gabrieli

• • • • (43) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.38. Question: "Expertise" is mainly a function of "Expertise" is mainly a function of Please choose only one answer: A) Innate talent B) Intelligence C) Intrinsic motivation D) Deliberate practice Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: Expertise is mainly a function of by Prof. John Gabrieli @MIT Massachusetts Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/expertise-is-mainly-a-function-of-by-prof-john-gabrieli-mit-massachuse

• • • • (44) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.39. Question: Which of the following is NOT true about how concepts are psycholo... Which of the following is NOT true about how concepts are psychologically organized? Please choose only one answer: A) The specific conceptual category activated for a given object will depend on the context / task at hanD) B) Different brain areas will be activated depending on the type of concept. C) Conceptual categories are organized according to necessary, but not optional, aspects of a particular situation. D) Concepts are organized along different dimensions, such as scripts, taxonomies and evaluations. Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: Which of the following is NOT true about by Prof. John Gabrieli Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/which-of-the-following-is-not-true-about-by-prof-john-gabrieli-3462736

• • • • (45) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.40. Question: Which is NOT true about conceptual prototypes? Which is NOT true about conceptual prototypes? Please choose only one answer: A) They may change over time with experience. B) They possess the majority of distinct attributes that define the category, such as wings and beaks in birds. C) People will name prototypes more quickly than non-prototypes. D) Concepts always have an associated prototype. Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: Which is NOT true about conceptual prototypes by Prof. John Gabrieli Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/which-is-not-true-about-conceptual-prototypes-by-prof-john-gabrieli

• • • • (46) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.41. Question: The James-Lang theory of emotion argued that you feel emotions aft... The James-Lang theory of emotion argued that you feel emotions after your body reacts by interpreting physiological changes. Which of the following did the Cannon-Bard theory claim was wrong with the James-Lang theory? Please choose only one answer: A) There is a cognitive interpretation of emotion B) It often takes longer for the body to respond than it does to feel an emotion C) Emotions are not brain based D) Emotions provide a somatic marker to interpret as an emotion Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: The James-Lang theory of emotion argued by Prof. John Gabrieli @MIT Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/the-james-lang-theory-of-emotion-argued-by-prof-john-gabrieli-mit

• • • • (47) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.42. Question: Which of the following is NOT true of a fear response? Which of the following is NOT true of a fear response? Please choose only one answer: A) Conscious awareness is essential B) Fear interacts with mental processes C) People with amygdala damage can still feel fear D) Fear responses are often reflexive Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: Which of the following is NOT true of a by Prof. John Gabrieli @MIT Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/which-of-the-following-is-not-true-of-a-by-prof-john-gabrieli-mit

• • • • (48) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.43. Question: Which of the following is NOT a core component of emotion? Which of the following is NOT a core component of emotion? Please choose only one answer: A) A positive or negative experience B) Bodily arousal C) Characteristic behaviors D) Instinct Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: Which of the following is NOT a core component by Prof. John Gabrieli Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/which-of-the-following-is-not-a-core-component-by-prof-john-gabrieli

• • • • (49) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.44. Question: Charles Darwin believed that the outward behavior associated with ... Charles Darwin believed that the outward behavior associated with emotion is: Please choose only one answer: A) Inborn B) Learned C) Independent D) Non-existent Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: Charles Darwin believed that the outward by Prof. John Gabrieli Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/charles-darwin-believed-that-the-outward-by-prof-john-gabrieli

• • • • (50) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.45. Question: It is possible to interpret bodily arousal incorrectly. When this ... It is possible to interpret bodily arousal incorrectly. When this happens, it is called: Please choose only one answer: A) Emotional disorder B) Cognitive restructuring C) Misattribution of arousal D) Affect as information Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: It is possible to interpret bodily arousal by Prof. John Gabrieli Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/it-is-possible-to-interpret-bodily-arousal-by-prof-john-gabrieli

• • • • (51) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.46. Question: People tend to perform best at ________ levels of arousal. People tend to perform best at ________ levels of arousal. Please choose only one answer: A) Low B) High C) Variable D) Intermediate Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: People tend to perform best at levels of by Prof. John Gabrieli Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/people-tend-to-perform-best-at-levels-of-by-prof-john-gabrieli

• • • • (52) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.47. Question: An implicit motive directs behavior ________ . An implicit motive directs behavior ________ . Please choose only one answer: A) Unnecessarily B) Unconsciously C) Toward an unwanted need D) Unproductively Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: An implicit motive directs behavior . by Prof. John Gabrieli @MIT Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/an-implicit-motive-directs-behavior-by-prof-john-gabrieli-mit

• • • • (53) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.48. Question: Why is child-directed speech thought to be beneficial for infants'... Why is child-directed speech thought to be beneficial for infants' language acquisition? Please choose only one answer: A) It resembles the kinds of babbling babies do themselves B) It allows parents to explicitly correct children's speech errors C) It is about topics that are inherently interesting to children D) It uses clearer pauses and more careful enunciation than typical speech Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: Why is child-directed speech thought to by Prof. John Gabrieli @MIT Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/why-is-child-directed-speech-thought-to-by-prof-john-gabrieli-mit

• • • • (54) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.49. Question: What is the smallest unit of meaning in a language called? What is the smallest unit of meaning in a language called? Please choose only one answer: A) a morpheme B) a word C) a propositional representation D) a statement Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: What is the smallest unit of meaning in by Prof. John Gabrieli @MIT Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/what-is-the-smallest-unit-of-meaning-in-by-prof-john-gabrieli-mit

• • • • (55) Powered by QuizOver.com - http://www.quizover.com QuizOver.com is the leading online quiz & exam creator Copyright (c) 2009-2014 all rights reserved 4.1.50. Question: Suppose a scientist working in Africa has discovered a troop of mo... Suppose a scientist working in Africa has discovered a troop of monkeys that have a complex communication system. These monkeys make two kinds of sound – howls and grunts – which they combine to make a "call". For example, "howl-grunt" is the call for "snake" and "grunt-grunt" is the call for "leopard". The monkeys never make two howls in a row. Based only on the information here, which aspect of human language is not present in the monkeys' communication? Please choose only one answer: A) phonemes B) phonology C) syntax D) semantics Author: Prof. John Gabrieli Check the answer of this question online on QuizOver.com: Question: Suppose a scientist working in Africa has by Prof. John Gabrieli Permalink: http://www.quizover.com/pdf/suppose-a-scientist-working-in-africa-has-by-prof-john-gabrieli

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