Published on September 25, 2017
The Brain and Psychology: The Brain and Psychology History of the brain in psychology and possible future directions. Historical Brain: Historical Brain Antiquity: Antiquity The Psyche The idea provides a basis for centralized thinking. In contrast to ideas that our thoughts do not come from one place. Aristotle Where is this one place? For Aristotle, the heart. Egyptians came to a similar conclusion. This idea still has in impact on us today. Renaissance and Late Renaissance: Renaissance and Late Renaissance Descartes The brain, and the Pineal Gland. Close, but not quite there. Locke and Leibniz These two emphasize one major conflict in conceptualizing how the brain works. *before we fully understood it to be the brain* Nature vs. Nurture. 17, 18, & 19th Centuries : 17, 18, & 19 th Centuries Francis Gall and Flourens Phrenology got some things right One location; language Localization of function Flourens lesioned areas to find localization. Unfortunately he didn’t find any. Broca and Wernicke Thankfully, Broca and Wernicke picked up what Flourens missed. Tan Watson Behaviorism Differentiation between behavior and somatic processes. 20th Century: 20 th Century Cognitive Neuroscience Could be argued this is what has been going on since the beginnings of psychology. Looks at how we think What physical structures underlie thinking processes. Beginning to Understand Structure function relationship. Levels of analysis Chemicals Circuits Brain areas Etc. The Future: The Future Examples Schizophrenia Experiences Biological processes Combination of both Depression Not the End All Important to note, the brain isn’t the only place. Behavior and cognition are the other half. References: References Fancher, R., & Rutherford, A. (2016). Pioneers of psychology (Fifth international edition) (5th. ed.). W. W. Norton & Company. Watson, N., & Breedlove, S. (2016). The mind's machine : Foundations of brain and behavior (Second edition. ed.). Sunderland, Massachusetts, USA: Sinauer Associates. Breedlove, S., & Watson, N. (2017). Behavioral neuroscience (Eighth edition. ed.). Sunderland, Massachusetts: Sinauer Associates.