Pstti light day & night

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Information about Pstti light day & night

Published on March 4, 2014

Author: PreschoolTeachersTra


Light- Day & Night

Introduction of Light with respect to Day & Night Presented by Titashi Karmakar

Contents Contents • • • • • • • Acknowledgement Aims & objective Introduction of the subject Description Suggestion Conclusion Bibliography

Acknowledgement I am highly indebted to PSTTI for their guidance, support and constant supervision, as well as for providing me necessary information regarding the project. I would like to express my special thanks of gratitude to our beloved Sadaf Madam (The Principal of Pstti) and Dr.Savitha .K.C(Secretary of PSTTI) who gave me a golden opportunity to do this magnificent project on the topic(Introduction the concept of light with respect day and night). This has helped me in doing lot of experiments and learning many new things in the development. I would also like to thank my husband, my daughter and my friends who helped me a lot in finishing this project within the limited time frame. Last, but not the least, I would like to express my heart felt gratitude to my parents for their blessing, motivation and inspiration without which this work would have not been completed.

Aims & objective to introduce Light • • • • • • • • • • Introduce the concept of light to a pre-schooler. Introducing “Day and Night” to Children. To make the child understand the difference between Light and Dark (shadow). To enable children to develop their knowledge and understanding of the world they live in, through investigation of that world. To stimulate and excite pupil’s curiosity about light and events in the world about them and satisfy that curiosity with knowledge. Mathematical development: To teach children about the relative size of sun, moon, earth and how their movement’s rotate to day and night, years and season. To develop cognitive skills in the children through explaining the different activities we do during the day and at night. Example: we get up from bed, brush our teeth, eat our breakfast, go to school and go to bed at night. To develop visual sense in children discussing how the sun is seen during the day as well as clouds and a typically blue sky and how, at night, the moon & stars are often seen and the sky looks black. Language development: To develop language in children through different types of songs, rhymes, describing how the sun rises, how it stays in the sky all day, slowly sets and rises again the next day, how stars twinkle in the sky at night. To teach children when we say “Good morning” “Good night”. To teach length of the shadow children get concept of time.

Introduction of light ? Light is a form of energy which our sense of sight can detect. It travels in straight way. Light energy from the sun travels through space , reaches earth, and some of it turns to heat energy and warms the earth’s air. Light from the sun also travels to the cells of green plants (producers) and is stored as energy.

Where does light come from? Our major light source: the Sun

Sorting light sources Natural vs. Man-made (artificial)

Description Art and Craft • Starry Night: Use an old window shade of a dark color. Have them children use white crayons or chalk to draw the sky at night. Or let the children use bobbi-pins to punch constellation holes in the shade. When you hold the shade up to a window the light will shine through to make starlight. • Splatter white paint on black or blue paper or use a spray bottle to create a starry night picture. Children can add moon or constellation with a paint brush or crayons. • Do night/day pictures by placing a dark sheet of paper next to a light piece of paper. Have the children glue on appropriate clothing items on each page.

• Smiling Sun Cut a big circle from yellow construction paper. Glue onto blue construction paper. Draw a happy face on circle and draw rays around sun. Tear yellow foam egg cartons into small pieces and glue along rays you have drawn. • Scratch Art Color a piece of paper with yellow crayon. Mix a small amount of liquid soap into black paint (soap helps paint stick to waxy crayon). Paint over the yellow crayon. Let dry. When dry scratch off paint to make stars and moons.

• Shadows On a sunny day get the children to draw around a shadow - in the morning, at noon and in the evening. During this time they can see the different things shadows do and where they move. • Clocks A clock can be made with a circle of cardboard or a paper plate, a paper fastener and something for the hands for example leaves. Put the hands of the made clock on a selected time and place it next to a real clock. Then watch the clocks from time to time till they read the same time. It helps develop the concept of time passing. • Painting Staple two paper plates together back-to-back. Get the children to paint on side black and sprinkle it with gold glitter, then paint the other side a bright colors. • Place a piece of paper in the bottom of a baking tray or small box. Add a bit of black paint and some golf ball or marbles. Then the children move these backwards and forward to spread the paint and make a pattern.

• Games and Activities • All Night and All Day: 1. Collect pictures of children, families and animals involved in activities related to nighttime (sleeping, wearing pajamas, using flashlights, animals in the dark) and daytime (playing outside, hiking, animals in daylight). 2. Laminate or cover with clear self-adhesive paper for durability if desired. 3. Put the pictures out in a basket or shoe box for kids to look at on their own, during circle time talk with them about the activities in the pictures. 4. Divide a poster board or large sheet of paper into two sections. On one side draw a large sun, blue sky and on the other side draw a dark sky with moon and stars. 5. Encourage kids to place the pictures of daytime activities on the "sunny side" and the night pictures on the "dark side". •

Suggestion • This topic brings together the mysterious (night) and the routine (day). It can be used to introduce clocks and time, outer space and opposites. There is also plenty of scope for lots of story work and book making, as there are so many children’s texts that relate to the idea of night and day. In this section you will find a mind map and a list of the areas of learning with some quick suggestions and ideas.

Personal, social and emotional Development • Role play area – bedtime things, dressing gowns, slippers, mugs for warm milk, story books, dim lighting, blankets, toothbrushes/daytime things – kitchen equipment, outdoor shoes, coats, bags, toys, bright lighting • Discuss daily routines – cleaning, washing, and looking after you • Circle time – opportunities to discuss dreams, fear of the dark • Read a bedtime story to Teddy

Communication, language and literacy Development • Collect night time words and day time words – display as opposites, or word mobiles • Book making - a day time and night time book/own versions of well known story books or rhymes • Collect star words and sun words • Day and night sounds – listening games • Play writing opportunities – write letters to the man in the moon • Glitter pens to draw stars and moon

Knowledge and understanding of the world • Doll’s House – setting up rooms for night and day • Role play area – a clock menders/ a night time cave for animals • Tray with small world nocturnal animals • Story making – going to bed and getting up • Moths (night) and Butterflies (day)

Problem solving, reasoning and numeracy • Sorting – objects to do with day and night sorted into large hoops • Tessellation – star shapes, diamond shapes • Size and shape – stars of different

Physical Development • 1 minute jumping/running/balancing etc. – using a one minute timer • Awake/asleep games – replace ‘stop’/’go’ with ‘awake’/’asleep’ • Be a nocturnal animal – bat/moth/badger/hedgehog/owl etc.

Creative Development • Wax resist pictures using candles • Make night and day sounds using musical instruments • Listen to lullaby music to represent night time/busy music to represent day time • Book making • Make clock chimes using appropriate instruments

Conclusion • • • Night and day are important concepts to teach preschoolers. Lessons about the Sun can include information about how it affects light and darkness, as well as human and animal activity. Learning about night and day works as a precursor in introducing preschoolers to calendars and other methods of tracking time. Various tools are used to explain the difference between Day ,night, the Sun and the Moon. Examples are games, songs, books and scientific experiments. Different art project are also used as a mode of teaching children about daytime and nighttime. These crafts will enhance understanding alongside an instructive curriculum. Exploring the sky is an enjoyable activity at any age, but for kindergartners, studying the sky and the difference between day and night is usually part of the science curriculum. Kindergarten sky projects during day and night provide opportunities for students to explore the sky, including the sun, the moon and the stars. Teaching kindergarten students about day and night typically involves in giving many examples like “it is sunny during the day” and “dark at night” in simple terms. As part of this teaching unit, we must schedule a trip to a local planetarium to provide students with more information about day and night.

Bibliography • • • • • • • • • • • etail%3Fpath%3D%252F02_Science%252F10Exploring_Our_World_Science_Pathways_for_Early_Elementary%25252c_Year_1%252F30Day_and_Night&h=7AQHK5Cg D Finteractives%2Fscience%2Fearthandbeyond%2Fdayandnight%2F&h=7AQHK5CgD 3FLPid%3D28498&h=7AQHK5CgD

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