Published on March 4, 2014
Enhancing reading skills In a pre-schooler By L.Vidhya Student, PSTTI
INTRODUCTION Reading and its importance….. Reading is a means of communication, sharing of ideas/information. Gateway for entering the vast world of knowledge and thereby wisdom. Children have lot of distraction Playing Socialising Watching T.V/computer Chatting with others Reading takes last preference.
Advantages of reading with Respect to pre-schoolers Pre-schoolers – critical learning period. Natural tendency to grasp and understand new concepts. We should teach the pre-schooler that the words they read are related to the words they speak or hear.
problems faced by pre-schoolers while reading May feel reading a whole boring exercise – New to the child. Confuses the letters and numbers that look alike. Letter O with Number 0 (zero) Letter I with Number 1 (one) Letter S with Number 5 (five) Dislikes and avoids reading – It is a new world to them. Remembering and recollecting the sounds associated with a particular letter.
Enhancing reading skills in a Pre-schooler In order to overcome above mentioned hurdles, the following activities are suggested. ACTIVITY 1 PHONIC AWARENESS FLASH CARDS We should ask the children to listen carefully, to identify the first sound in the word. Example: Bin - B ,Dog – D, last sound in the word Example: Cab – B , Pin - N
oInvite the child to go to any room in the house carrying with him a number of alphabet cards. oChild has to recognise the first syllable of the item and place the corresponding index card on the item. Example – T - Table P - Pen B - Book
ACTIVITY 2 READING ALOUD Children sit around the teacher, reading a story aloud. Hold the book so that children can see the illustrations. Pause a second and ask questions about the story. Allow them to make predictions on what will happen next?
ACTIVITY 3 Reading Comprehension Wonder Why? When a character does something in a story, ask the child, why the child think the character did it. Notice new words: Stress those new words repeatedly and ask for the meaning. If not, explain meaning. Reading Review: When reading a favourite story over again, pause in the midway and ask the child for the further course.
ACTIVITY 4 Sequencing Explain the story from beginning to end and repeat it many times with illustrations – of course, with modulation and action Re-arrange the illustrations in an irregular manner and ask the child to arrange it according to the story
ACTIVITY 5 Library Reading Programme Teach Library manners to the preschooler ….. Maintain silence ….. Replace the books in the same order Allow the children to select their choice of book Make sure that they get some knowledge while reading Be with them while reading and help them to clear doubts, if any.
SUGGESTIONS o Create an interest in reading o Reading is a continuous process, so, keep practicing oHelp your child to learn to recognise words on local street signs, cereal boxes, food items, advertisements on buses / flex boards etc oHowever we engage the child in a variety of activities, the child should also equally enjoy itself. So, ensure rewarding the child periodically with star markings or smiley faces for all achievements.
CONCLUSION Teacher must ensure that the child, even if not becoming a great reader, should not start disliking the books either. The positives are many and the benefits are enormous. So, try to inculcate the wonderful habit of reading to a preschooler In the process, do not overstretch the child Our approach should be with perseverance, softness and interest-inducing.
Bibliography …. (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) www.learningdisability.about.com www.educationspace360.com www.prokerala.com www.education.com www.familyeducation.com