Published on February 24, 2014
BELIEVE IN YOUR CHILD KINDLE KARE IN COLLABORATION WITH PSTTI AN INITIATIVE OF
TYPES OF CHILD ABUSE Neglect Physical Abuse Emotional Abuse Sexual Abuse
WHO ARE THE PERPETRATORS? Perpetrators are defined as accused of child abuse and neglect. They can be parents and other caregivers (such as relatives, babysitters, and foster parents) who have harmed a child in their care The perpetrator can be anyone who exploits the child's vulnerability to gain sexual gratification It involves mental, physical and emotional abuse of a child through overt and covert sexual acts, gestures and disposition - when informed consent or resistance by the child victim to such acts is not possible. It can also include activities which do not involve direct touching. Harm caused to a child by others (such as acquaintances or strangers) may not be considered child abuse but rather may be considered a criminal matter
HOW AWARE ARE WE ON HOW AWARE OUR CHILD MUST BE Most of the parents or immediate caregiver are usually in the Denial Syndrome – “IT CAN’T HAPPEN TO MY CHILD”, or “I’M EXTRA CAREFUL” Fact to be accepted is that a child needs open environment to enhance his curiosity which further paves way to the developmental factors Many parents try to hide the fact that their child was Molested or Abused for fear of Societal discrimination or Falsification or gossip The child usually doesn’t have words to express his feelings or what he is going through – Listening to his / her Unspoken Words When as a Parent, we expect the child to tell us everything pertaining to their experiences, we as parents also must take the initiative of explaining to the child what he / she needs to know
WHAT SHOULD A PARENT DO WHEN HIS CHILD COMPLAINS OF CSA First and Foremost, “BELIEVE IN THE CHILD” – the implications of not believing are far more hurting psychologically than the actual Abuse Listen to the child’s Unspoken Words Take Precautionary or Remedial Steps Give the child the respect and understanding that he deserves Teach him about the Good Touch and Bad Touch
PROTECTION OF CHILDREN FROM SEXUAL OFFENCES ACT 2012 The Act defines a child as any person below the age of 18 years and provides protection to all children under the age of 18 years from the offences of sexual assault, sexual harassment and pornography. This is the first time that an Act has listed aspects of touch as well as non touch behaviour (eg: photographing a child in a obscene manner) under the ambit of sexual offences. The Act incorporates child friendly procedures for reporting, recording of evidence, investigation and trial of offences The attempt to commit an offence under the Act has also been made liable for punishment for upto half the punishment prescribed for the commission of the offence. The Act also provides for punishment for abetment of the offence, which is the same as for the commission of the offence. This would cover trafficking of children for sexual purposes. For the more heinous offences of Penetrative Sexual Assault, Aggravated Penetrative Sexual Assault, Sexual Assault and Aggravated Sexual Assault, the burden of proof is shifted on the accused. The media has been barred from disclosing the identity of the child without the permission of the Special Court
MUNCHAUSEN SYNDROME BY PROXY Munchausen syndrome by proxy is the most common term used to describe a type of child abuse in which a caregiver exaggerates, fabricates, or induces symptoms of a medical condition in a child that lead to unnecessary and potentially harmful medical care
LONG-TERM PHYSICAL HEALTH CONSEQUENCES OF CHILDHOOD SEXUAL ABUSE: A META-ANALYTIC REVIEW According to the Journal of Pediatric Psychology 2013, there is always a Long – term consequence of Child Sexual Abuse (CSA). Some points are: Gastrointestinal Health Gynecological Health Musculoskeletal Pain – General history of difference of Pain with CSA Cardiopulmonary Symptoms – increased Heartbeat Obesity – increase in BMI Psychobiological and Behavioural factors – disruption in the Sympathetic Nervous System
THE TACTILE SENSE The Good Touch – Parental or any Doctor in the presence of the Parent The Bad Touch – Touching of the Chest, Back and in between the legs
HOW TO GO ABOUT ERADICATING CHILD ABUSE By preventing child Maltreatment and promoting social well-being Protective factors help parents to find resources, supports, or coping strategies that allow them to parent effectively, even under stress. Creating awareness in immediate adults by pursuing Early Childhood Care and Education Programs Nurturing an Attachment Knowledge of good Parenting Awareness of Child Development Parental Resilience Social Connections Concrete Support for Parents Social and Emotional Competence of Children
CONTACTING THE CHILD HELPLINE
THANK YOU For more information, Visit: www.pstti.com Or call Dr.Savitha @9844557052
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