Published on June 18, 2013
What is Pro Social Behavior? voluntary behavior intended to benefit another,consists of actions which benefit other peopleor society as a whole, such as helping, sharing,donating, co-operating, and volunteering It is central to the well-being of social groupsacross a range of scales empathy is also the most important factorleading to pro social behavior
Attention to prosocial behavior in psychologyoriginated with McDougall (1908), who arguedthat prosocial behavior is the result of “tender emotions”created by the parental instinct, but most current research has its roots in lay andscientiﬁc reactions to the nonresponsivebystanders in the brutal murder of Katherine“Kitty” Genovese in 1964.
Bystander effect? The term bystander effect refers to thephenomenon in which the greater the numberof people present, the less likely people are tohelp a person in distress. When an emergencysituation occurs, observers are more likely totake action if there are few or no otherwitnesses
It has now evolved to encompass a broadrange of biological, motivational, cognitive, andsocial processes
Why do we help? Internal factors External factors
Theories on Prosocial Behavior1. Empathy-Altruismactions may be motivated by empathy –capacity to recognize emotions that are beingexperienced by another sentient or fictionalbeingAltruism: Behavior that reflects an unselfishconcern for the welfare of others
2. Negative state Relief model human beings have an innate drive to reducenegative moods negative mood increases helpfulness becausehelping others can reduce ones own badfeelings (Baumann, Cialdini, & Kenrick, 1981).
3. Kin selection theory Kin selection is an evolutionary theory thatproposes that people are more likely to helpthose who are blood relatives because it willincrease the odds of gene transmission tofuture generations
4. Reciprocal Altruism altruism can be favored as long as the altruistreceives a reciprocal benefit that is greaterthan its initial cost.
Volunteering Have you ever volunteered before?
Biological benefits of Volunteering (Video) happiness and health have consistentlyfound a strong connection throughvolunteering a conscious focus on gratitude led toreductions in negative affect and increasesin optimistic appraisals, positive affect,offering emotional support, sleep quality,and well-being Happier people are also naturally kinder
Prosocial behavior ppt final. by disha-chaudhry. on Dec 26, 2014. Report Category: Education
Study online flashcards and notes for Prosocial Behavior (FINAL) including Prosocial Behavior : Actions by individuals that help other people (offer ...
prosocial behavior are more likely to behave in the same way (Bryan & Walbek, 1970; Elliott & Vasta, ... zAggressive and Prosocial Behavior Questionnaire
Chapter 6 Prosocial behavior on the net Lee Sproull, Caryn A. Conley, and Jae Yun Moon New York University, Stern School of Business Introduction
Prosocial Behavior Theory: Eisenberg's Conception of Moral Development Bill Davis EDFI 6730 10/23/12 Prosocial Behavior is any purposive action that seeks ...
Aggressive and prosocial 1 RUNNING HEAD: Social Behavior and Moral Development Aggressive and Prosocial Children’s Emotion Attributions and Moral Reasoning
Examining the Diversity of Prosocial Behavior: Helping, Sharing, and Comforting in Infancy Kristen Dunﬁeld, Valerie A. Ku hlmeier, Laura O’Connell, and