Propiedad Intelectual por Carlos Correa

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Information about Propiedad Intelectual por Carlos Correa

Published on February 26, 2014

Author: IepiEc



Primer Taller Internacional de P.I y Políticas Públicas 25/02/2014 #1ForoPI

Thomas Jefferson to Isaac McPherson, 13 Aug. 1813  If nature has made any one thing less susceptible than all others of exclusive property, it is an idea… Its peculiar character …is that no one possesses the less, because every other possesses the whole of it.… [I]deas should freely spread from one to another over the globe, for the moral and mutual instruction of man, and improvement of his condition, like fire… and like the air incapable of confinement or exclusive appropriation…

Thomas Jefferson to Isaac McPherson, 13 Aug. 1813  …Inventions then cannot, in nature, be a subject of property. Society may give an exclusive right to the profits arising from them, as an encouragement to men to pursue ideas which may produce utility, but this may or may not be done, according to the will and convenience of the society, without claim or complaint from anybody.

Propiedad intelectual  …the primary purpose of that law is not to create private fortunes, but is to promote the progress of science and the useful arts MOTION PICTURE PATENTS CO. V. UNIVERSAL FILM CO., 243 U. S. 502 , 1917

La propiedad intelectual…  es un instrumento, no un fin en sí mismo  su reconocimiento y ejercicio debe subordinarse al interés público

Propiedad intelectual: un escenario flexible pre-ADPIC  Denegatoria de derechos autorales a extranjeros  No concesión de patentes  50 países sin patentes de productos farmacéuticos en 1986  Patentes de corto plazo

Política de EEUU sobre ‘copyright’siglo XIX     Expandir el acceso a libros excelentes pero baratos; No hay propiedad inherente en la literatura; Conceder copyright a los extranjeros les daría un monopolio a expensas del público lector estadounidense; Las editoraiales estadounidenses y sus empleados necesitan la ventaja de facto resultante de la falta de protección

Consejero Federal suizo Brenner –debates de la ley de patentes  ‘En nuestras deliberaciones sobre esta ley, haríamos bien en tener en mente que ella debería ser diseñada de manera que se adapte a las necesidades de nuestras propias industrias y las condiciones de nuestro propio país. Estas consideraciones, antes que las demandas y reclamos de industrias extranjeras, deben ser nuestra preocupación primaria al darle forma a la ley (1906). The Economic History of Switzerland, Intellectual Property Rights Series #4, Third World Network, Penang, p. 10.

Ed Pratt in 1995 ‘The current GATT victory, which established provisions for intellectual property, resulted in part from the hard-fought efforts of the US government and US businesses, including Pfizer, over the past three decades. We’ve been in it from the beginning, taking a leadership role’. Ed Pratt Jr, CEO Pfizer (1972-91):

PI e innovación  Indeed, the historical evidence provides little or no support for the view that intellectual monopoly is an effective method of increasing innovation.  M. Boldrin and D. Levine: Against Intellectual Monopoly, chapter 8, found at 004.pdf, at 2. 2007.

Lecciones de la historia    …nations with patent systems were not more innovative that nations without patents systems. Similarly, nations with longer patent terms were no more innovative than nations with shorter patent terms. James Bessen and Michael Meurer (2008), Patent Failure: How Judges, Bureaucrats, and Lawyers Put Innovators at Risk, Princeton University Express, Princeton and Oxford. , p. 80.

Evidencia empírica  Survey of patent laws in over sixty countries:  strengthening of patent rights resulted in an increase in filings from foreign applicants, with no effect on filings by local inventors.  Lerner J ‘Patent Protection and Innovation Over 150 Years’ (2002)

Evidencia empírica    Survey of seventy two countries: ‘to date, there is no robust empirical evidence that stronger patent rights indeed stimulate growth’ . Hu AGZ & Png IPL ‘Patent Rights and Economic Growth: Evidence from Cross-Country Panels of Manufacturing Industries’ (2010)

Patents & industrial innovation  ‘…as economic studies have shown repeatedly, patents do not play a particularly important role in most fields of industrial innovation’  Scherer, F.M. (2009), Journal on Telecomm. & High Tech. L. Vol. 7

Machlup: study for the US Senate   “If we did not have a patent system, it would be irresponsible, on the basis of our present knowledge of its economic consequences, to recommend instituting one. Fritz Machlup, An Economic Review of the Patent System (Washington, D.C.: Subcommittee on Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights, Senate Committee on the Judiciary, 1958), p.80.

Joseph Stiglitz …are the incentives provided by the patent system appropriate…? Sadly, the answer is a resounding “no.” ‘Prizes, not patents’ (3.3.07),

Derechos de autor A vast majority of artists are not motivated by copyright protections, and frequently not benefiting from them. Instead, the slim prospect of widescale popularity, fame, and recognition may be far stronger lures. Peter DiCola, Northwestern University School of Law (2013) copyright

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