Prohibition

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Information about Prohibition
Education

Published on March 18, 2009

Author: eben_cooke

Source: slideshare.net

Description

8th grade level rundown of suffragist & prohibition movements

Women’s Suffrage & Temperance

Seneca Falls Convention 1848 Leaders : Elizabeth Cady Stanton Susan B. Anthony Lucretia Mott Seneca Falls Declaration Modeled on Declaration of Independence Demanded equal rights for women, including suffrage (voting rights)

Leaders :

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

Susan B. Anthony

Lucretia Mott

Seneca Falls Declaration

Modeled on Declaration of Independence

Demanded equal rights for women, including suffrage (voting rights)

Opposition to Women Voting

 

Why were people opposed to women’s suffrage?

 

Protest! New leaders of the Suffragist movement ◊ Carrie Chapman Catt organized state by state fight for suffrage ◊ Alice Paul & Rose Winslow lead constant protests of Wilson’s Whitehouse Many protesters arrested Protesters & organizers were successful

New leaders of the Suffragist movement

◊ Carrie Chapman Catt organized state by state fight for suffrage

◊ Alice Paul & Rose Winslow lead constant protests of Wilson’s Whitehouse

Many protesters arrested

Protesters & organizers were successful

The 19 th Amendment

New Opportunities for Women The 19 th Amendment was ratified in 1920, giving women the right to vote 130 years after the Constitution was ratified This gave women many more social and political opportunities

The 19 th Amendment was ratified in 1920, giving women the right to vote 130 years after the Constitution was ratified

This gave women many more social and political opportunities

New Opportunities 1) Higher Education: More and more women began attending universities and graduate schools 2) Women’s clubs were formed to help improve local communities; raising $ for parks, libraries, schools, etc. 3) Women became vocal reformers (Florence Kelly – sweatshops & child labor)

1) Higher Education: More and more women began attending universities and graduate schools

2) Women’s clubs were formed to help improve local communities; raising $ for parks, libraries, schools, etc.

3) Women became vocal reformers (Florence Kelly – sweatshops & child labor)

The 18 th Amendment: Prohibition

Reasons for Prohibition Damage to family Economic cost (unemployment) Religious reasons Machine politics (deals were made in saloons) WWI: use grain to feed troops Anti-German sentiment Women WCTU (Frances Willard) Carrie Nation Supporters Rural People Southern & Westerners concerned with “out of control” Northern cities

Damage to family

Economic cost (unemployment)

Religious reasons

Machine politics (deals were made in saloons)

WWI: use grain to feed troops

Anti-German sentiment

Women

WCTU (Frances Willard)

Carrie Nation

Rural People

Southern & Westerners concerned with “out of control” Northern cities

Women’s Christian Temperance Union Goal: Outlaw alcohol Methods: Community organizing, protests

Goal: Outlaw alcohol

Methods: Community organizing, protests

Carry Nation Husband died from heavy drinking Religious Fanatic Went into bars/saloons broke kegs & bottles with hatchet

Husband died from heavy drinking

Religious Fanatic

Went into bars/saloons broke kegs & bottles with hatchet

18 th Amendment passed in 1917

18 th Amendment a total failure People continued drinking in “speakeasies” (illegal bars & saloons) Organized crime supplied liquor People attempted to make their own liquor (bathtub gin) and were blinded or poisoned Many people who were supposed to enforce the law became hypocrites

People continued drinking in “speakeasies” (illegal bars & saloons)

Organized crime supplied liquor

People attempted to make their own liquor (bathtub gin) and were blinded or poisoned

Many people who were supposed to enforce the law became hypocrites

Organized Crime Mobsters such as Al Capone in Chicago made lots of money supplying alcohol. This money gave them more power to hire goons and corrupt politicians Mobsters would gun competing mobsters down in the street, blow up buildings and speakeasies, kidnap and murder innocent people, all to gain power.

Mobsters such as Al Capone in Chicago made lots of money supplying alcohol.

This money gave them more power to hire goons and corrupt politicians

Mobsters would gun competing mobsters down in the street, blow up buildings and speakeasies, kidnap and murder innocent people, all to gain power.

 

Valentine’s Day Massacre

 

Prohibition Repealed in 1932

Lessons of Prohibition Good idea? Why or why not? Is there still prohibition? Is it a good idea? Why or why not?

Good idea?

Why or why not?

Is there still prohibition?

Is it a good idea?

Why or why not?

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