Professor David Stevenson

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Information about Professor David Stevenson
Presentations & Public Speaking

Published on July 23, 2014

Author: RUSIEVENTS

Source: slideshare.net

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This is a presentation delivered by Professor David Stevenson at the RUSI World War I Conference 2014.

The First World War Conference 17 July 201417 July 2014 Session Four: Coalition Warfare Professor David Stevenson LSE

Coalition Warfare: the Political Aspects Three Phases - • Pre-War Planning and 1914 • Stalemate, 1915-1917 • An Atlantic Alliance, 1917-1918?

First Phase

Pre-War Planning • Austro-German alliance, 1879 • Triple Alliance (A-H, Germany, Italy), 1882 • Staff talks (Moltke, Conrad, Pollio) • Franco-Russian alliance, formed 1891-94 • British ententes with France (1904) and Russia (1907) • Franco-Russian and Franco-British staff talks

1914 War Plans • Germany: Schlieffen-Moltke Plan • Austria-Hungary: Fall ‘B’, ‘R’, and ‘I’ • Italy: from Rhineland to neutrality • Russia: Plan 19 Altered • France: Plan XVII • Britain: Scheme ‘W’

Pre-War Planning: Western Front

Eastern Front, 1914

Stalemate, 1915-1917 What do we do now? Three sub-phases: 1915: Central Powers drive eastwards; Allies in disarray – Russia on the defensive, France on the offensive, Britain between Dardanelles anddefensive, France on the offensive, Britain between Dardanelles and Western Front 1916: Verdun and the Trentino; Chantilly I – Brusilov, the Somme, Romania, Gorizia 1917: Chantilly II and its breakdown - the Calais conference and the Nivelle offensive

Stalemate Phase

The Nivelle Plan, 1917

1917-1918: an Atlantic Alliance? • Disarray, 1917: Russian Revolution, French mutinies, Passchendaele, Caporetto • November 1917: Supreme War Council • March-April 1918: Foch General-in-Chief• March-April 1918: Foch General-in-Chief • Diplomatic, economic, and logistical co- ordination • The Armistice and the limits to co-operation

The Final Phase

An Overstated Case? ‘The war was won primarily by a tremendous combined system of co-ordination and goodwill, which focused all the efforts of the Allies on the supreme task of defeating the enemy, but whichsupreme task of defeating the enemy, but which only reached its zenith in the last year of the war.’ Sir Maurice Hankey

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