Published on February 6, 2014
From microscopic perspective to macro co-ordination Case study: slum upgrading in Luanda, Angola JING Feng CAUPD
Outline 1. Background 2. Diagnosis 3. Goals and Strategies
Work Partner institutions and Scope ANGOLA CITIC CAUPD Spatial Strategy Study of Luanda (1000-2000 Sq Km) Comprehensive Plan of K.K. (206 Sq Km) Urban Design of K.K. New Town (Approx. 60 Sq Km) Regulatory Planning in 10 Sq Km （ 10 Sq Km ）
Role of Angola in Africa •“The next decade will likely mark the first since the industrial revolution when merging economies add more to global growth than all the developed countries combined. In our view, Africa will be a core part of this economic renaissance.” McKinsey (2010) “Africa, a continent on the move” •Angola ranks high among African countries in terms of economic progress and potential. ANGOLA • It will undoubtedly play a significant role in the process
Order and chaos in Luanda Population growth 1866 -15000 1970 - 500,000 2010 - 6,500,000 Space growth 1980 -50,10 Km² 1989 – 103,04 Km² 1998 – 249,35 Km² 1980 1989 1998 2000 - 270,05 Km² 2010 – 350,00 Km² 2000 2010
Outline 1. Background 2. Diagnosis 3. Goals and Strategies
Site Investigation Survey Route In Kilamba Kiaxi
Spatial relationships Kilamba Kiaxi and Luanda city Construction area:480 Sq Km Musseques:380 Sq Km Total population: 6,500,000 Residents in Musseque: Old colonial city Vegetation Analysis 5,000,000-5,500,000 Land Use Analysis Ground Temperature Analysis
Lack of infrastructure Transport ：sprawl pattern: Musseques Insufficient road network and indistinct road grade ， low accessibility ， Lack important traffic nodes have been seriously damaged Some of public services and infrastructure Road Network of Water & Electricity Accessibility “Musseques” Area in K.K. in “Musseques” Area electricity & Pumping water Electricity & no truck water Electricity & truck water Truck water & no electricity No water & electricity Self-supplied water & electricity
Natural Disasters The most crucial issue facing Musseques are water logging and solid waste Case: July 2000, trash dump Payatas in Manila collapsed and killed 218 people. Waterlogging & Garbage in “Musseques” Area in K.K. Águas estagnadas Drainage Channel Waterlogging Area Solid Waste Accumulation Terrible Waterlogging Area
Drawbacks and potentials for Musseques: Drawbacks • Huge Income Disparity • Severely Insufficient Urban Infrastructure • Shortage of Employment Opportunities • Urban Safety Concerns Potentials • Economic Level • Plentiful labor force • Low-skilled level of employment opportunities • Potential consuming market • Social Level • Low cost housing and services for low-income group • Offer social service network for new migrants • Cultural Level • Carrier of diverse culture and grass root’s culture lack of capability lack of chance
Population burden or demographic dividend
Outline 1. Background 2. Diagnosis 3. Goals and Spatial Strategies
Three macro-planning themes industrial Economic revitalization agricultural Ecological background Service Inclusive growth tourism Projects layout Infrastructure Improving livelihood living environment Space resource
Diversification planning strategy Luanda old city (Colonial city) •Alleviate traffic congestion: build beltway around old city center •Enhance environment quality Musseques (Informal city) •Upgrade environment quality ： clean up river system ， build waterfront parks, connect green spaces •Enhance utility access: build upon existing network, establish universal access to water, electricity, drainage, and telecommunication •Create private-public partnership: form a gradual and sustainable approach •Efforts led by government: demolition of areas with high safety risk, provision of water pumps and other infrastructure •Efforts driven by market: development of TOD and buffer area •Efforts led by residents: other aspects Newly built areas (modern city) •infrastructure is priority •emphasize eco-system
Diversification planning strategy
Transportation 1. Ports – Build Dande cargo port – – Passenger port planning Luanda port will function only as a passenger port; Expand capacity and establish ports in Panguila, Cacuaco, and Benfica. – – – – Port Ground Access Network connect port and railway connect port and expressway 2. Railway – plan a specific route to support Dande port ground access; build Cacuaco cargo depot; – Passenger transport : inner city – Freight transport: outskirts 3. Airport Ground Access – connect airport with ADR expressway 4. Road – 3rd Ring road: through traffic – Corridors: external-internal traffic • north ： NGK ， • east ： ADR ， • south ： waterfront expressway – construct passenger station – construct cargo station
Infrastructure 400kV Power corridor pipeline natural gas power plant sewage treatment plant 400kV Transformer substation Recyclabl e energy 5% Natural Gas 31.5% comprehensive garbage treatment facilities Importe d Electrici ty 14% Product Oil 49.5%
Through planning, I hope to eventually create a future that will put smiles on the children in Musseque. Thanks!
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