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Primate Sanctuary Anmal Welfare

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Information about Primate Sanctuary Anmal Welfare
Pets

Published on February 1, 2009

Author: dmccluredvm

Source: slideshare.net

Description

This presentation was made for the AVMA meeting in 2008. Since then TAOS has become part of a new Global Fund for Animal Sanctuaries (GFAS).
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Diane E. McClure, DVM, PhD, DACLAM ARCVetServices.com

Nonhuman Primates: Animal Sanctuaries, Who Is Monitoring the Animal’s Welfare?

What is a sanctuary? a refuge a shelter from danger or hardship

Why do we need a sanctuary for apes and monkeys? No longer wanted/needed Costly to maintain Dangerous to maintain

No longer wanted/needed

Costly to maintain

Dangerous to maintain

Where are the Non-Human Primates before they need refuge? Pets Entertainment Zoological collections Biomedical Research

Pets

Entertainment

Zoological collections

Biomedical Research

Where are the Non-Human Primates before they need refuge? Pets Entertainment Zoological collections Biomedical Research How many non-human privates are in captivity in the US is UNKNOWN

Pets

Entertainment

Zoological collections

Biomedical Research

Where are the Non-Human Primates before they need refuge? Pets Entertainment Zoological collections Biomedical Research Each of these have different options. How many non-human privates are in captivity in the US is UNKNOWN

Pets

Entertainment

Zoological collections

Biomedical Research

The fundamental decision: Who should I give this animal to and how much can I invest while making this decision?

What to do with a pet monkey? New pet owner Local animal control or animal shelter Euthanasia Zoo An animal sanctuary

New pet owner

Local animal control or animal shelter

Euthanasia

Zoo

An animal sanctuary

Institution Options American Zoo and Aquarium (AZA) accredited zoos Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare (OLAW) assured institutions AAALAC accredited institutions USDA Registered Exhibitors or Research Facilities

American Zoo and Aquarium (AZA) accredited zoos

Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare (OLAW) assured institutions

AAALAC accredited institutions

USDA Registered Exhibitors or Research Facilities

Institution Options American Zoo and Aquarium (AZA) accredited zoos Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare (OLAW) assured institutions AAALAC accredited institutions USDA Registered Exhibitors or Research Facilities

American Zoo and Aquarium (AZA) accredited zoos

Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare (OLAW) assured institutions

AAALAC accredited institutions

USDA Registered Exhibitors or Research Facilities

Private Primate Sanctuary Oversight USDA is optional! American Sanctuary Association – ASA http://www.asaanimalsanctuaries.org The Association of Sanctuaries - TAOS http://www.taosanctuaries.org

USDA is optional!

American Sanctuary Association – ASA http://www.asaanimalsanctuaries.org

The Association of Sanctuaries - TAOS http://www.taosanctuaries.org

ASA “Code of Ethics” Rigorous standards of sanctuary management and animal care No breeding (Exceptions may be made when an animal's species is on the verge of extinction and a scientifically-based breeding and reintroduction plan is in place.) No commercial use of the animals Lifetime responsibility

Rigorous standards of sanctuary management and animal care

No breeding (Exceptions may be made when an animal's species is on the verge of extinction and a scientifically-based breeding and reintroduction plan is in place.)

No commercial use of the animals

Lifetime responsibility

ASA “Code of Ethics” Welfare of animals is always primary and that respectful collaboration with others on behalf of that welfare is obligatory. This not only best serves the animals but further demonstrates the fundamental value of respect for all life that is at the foundation of sanctuary existence.

Welfare of animals is always primary and that respectful collaboration with others on behalf of that welfare is obligatory. This not only best serves the animals but further demonstrates the fundamental value of respect for all life that is at the foundation of sanctuary existence.

TAOS: Responsibility Toward Animals To combine forces in cooperative efforts to rescue and place animals in the best possible environment for the individual animal. To strive to achieve and maintain high standards of animal care through continuing education and an understanding of the sanctuary field and its challenges. To acknowledge limitations when appropriate and enlist the assistance of veterinarians, TAOS, or other supporting organizations and professionals as needed.

To combine forces in cooperative efforts to rescue and place animals in the best possible environment for the individual animal.

To strive to achieve and maintain high standards of animal care through continuing education and an understanding of the sanctuary field and its challenges.

To acknowledge limitations when appropriate and enlist the assistance of veterinarians, TAOS, or other supporting organizations and professionals as needed.

TAOS: Responsibility Toward Animals To strive to keep animals in as natural, spacious, and enriched a setting as possible and that will exceed minimum conceptions of their needs. Optimal animal care shall come before personal gain and the needs of the animals before one's own emotional needs. To strive to provide professional and humane care through all phases of an animal's life and to provide for the dignity of each animal. In providing for the well-being of individual animals, to consider the impact on the sanctuaries' larger community of animals.

To strive to keep animals in as natural, spacious, and enriched a setting as possible and that will exceed minimum conceptions of their needs.

Optimal animal care shall come before personal gain and the needs of the animals before one's own emotional needs.

To strive to provide professional and humane care through all phases of an animal's life and to provide for the dignity of each animal.

In providing for the well-being of individual animals, to consider the impact on the sanctuaries' larger community of animals.

TAOS: Responsibility Toward Animals To provide for both individual and social needs of animals in enclosure construction, animal placement, and care practices. To be aware of normal behavioral characteristics of all species held and to take appropriate steps to correct problems leading to abnormal behavior. To recognize when an animal's quality of life and prognosis are such as to indicate euthanasia as the potentially preferred option for the good of the animal. Facilities and animal care practices shall be maintained in accord with TAOS guidelines.

To provide for both individual and social needs of animals in enclosure construction, animal placement, and care practices.

To be aware of normal behavioral characteristics of all species held and to take appropriate steps to correct problems leading to abnormal behavior.

To recognize when an animal's quality of life and prognosis are such as to indicate euthanasia as the potentially preferred option for the good of the animal.

Facilities and animal care practices shall be maintained in accord with TAOS guidelines.

TAOS “Code of Ethics” Responsibility Toward Animals Organizational Responsibilities Responsibilities to Sanctuary Field & Other Social Change Agents Responsibilities to Society

Responsibility Toward Animals

Organizational Responsibilities

Responsibilities to Sanctuary Field & Other Social Change Agents

Responsibilities to Society

Association Accredited Sanctuaries “ 6”

More Sanctuaries? Humane Society of the United States No longer list primate sanctuaries on their website Focused on stopping the problem of unwanted pet primates by endorsing legislation to eliminate monkeys as pets. Captive Primate Safety Act (S. 1498) would amend the Lacey Act to prohibit interstate and foreign trade of nonhuman primates.

Humane Society of the United States

No longer list primate sanctuaries on their website

Focused on stopping the problem of unwanted pet primates by endorsing legislation to eliminate monkeys as pets. Captive Primate Safety Act (S. 1498) would amend the Lacey Act to prohibit interstate and foreign trade of nonhuman primates.

More Sanctuaries? Allied Effort to Save Other Primates: AESOP-Project Links to Primate Sanctuaries World Wide – www.aesop-project.org

Allied Effort to Save Other Primates: AESOP-Project Links to Primate Sanctuaries World Wide – www.aesop-project.org

So who’s left to provide oversight? State Agencies such as the Department of Fish and Game or the Department of Natural Resources (DNR) Primarily permits to own May address housing and husbandry Local county or city ordinances Safety (dangerous animals) Public health concerns Animal cruelty infractions

State Agencies such as the Department of Fish and Game or the Department of Natural Resources (DNR)

Primarily permits to own

May address housing and husbandry

Local county or city ordinances

Safety (dangerous animals)

Public health concerns

Animal cruelty infractions

So who’s left to provide oversight? Unless allegations of animal cruelty are made by the public, there may not be any outside oversight at all

Unless allegations of animal cruelty are made by the public, there may not be any outside oversight at all

Non-Profit/Private Non-Human Primate Sanctuary Oversight Board Sanctuary Management ** Primary Animal Welfare Oversight lies right here!

Board

Sanctuary Management

So who are these sanctuary people? Why should we trust them with the oversight of animal welfare in non-human primate sanctuaries?

Primate Rescue Center - April Truitt

1987 Clay Miller saw an ad in USA Today Gizmo, crab eating macaque as a gift for April Truitt needed a friend A research lab called to retire a few animals A National humane organization needed to place two confiscated monkeys An owner who was badly injured needed someone to take his pet 50+ and 11 chimpanzees www.primaterescue.org

1987 Clay Miller saw an ad in USA Today

Gizmo, crab eating macaque as a gift for April Truitt

needed a friend

A research lab called to retire a few animals

A National humane organization needed to place two confiscated monkeys

An owner who was badly injured needed someone to take his pet

50+ and 11 chimpanzees

1996 - The Dahlonega Five

Dahlonega 5 - Georgia Rescue LEMSIP Kids Integrated as a group USDA inspected by choice

Dahlonega 5 - Georgia Rescue

LEMSIP Kids

Integrated as a group

USDA inspected by choice

Patti Ragan’s Center for Great Apes www.prime-apes.org Pongo Butch

Orangutan Facilities

Orangutan Facilities

Boswell Walk-About Chute System

Arcus Great Ape Health Center

Evaluating Animal Welfare at Primate Sanctuaries Does the sanctuary apply Accreditation Association Code of Ethics? What standards of care are in place? What veterinary care is being provided? What are the motivations of the individuals running the sanctuaries? Are they exhibiting signs of the “animal collector” pathology? What would happen to the sanctuary if the primary owner or the primary director becomes incapacitated?

Does the sanctuary apply Accreditation Association Code of Ethics?

What standards of care are in place?

What veterinary care is being provided?

What are the motivations of the individuals running the sanctuaries?

Are they exhibiting signs of the “animal collector” pathology?

What would happen to the sanctuary if the primary owner or the primary director becomes incapacitated?

Animal Welfare Oversight at Primate Sanctuaries Summary: We do not always have the comfort of outside regulatory oversight like the USDA. We rely on the integrity and judgment of the individuals responsible for overseeing the care at each sanctuary. The only other ones watching are US!

We do not always have the comfort of outside regulatory oversight like the USDA.

We rely on the integrity and judgment of the individuals responsible for overseeing the care at each sanctuary.

The only other ones watching are US!

Thank you

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